LEAD - are students accessing course content?
The Learner Engagement Analytics Dashboard (LEAD) is a course-level dashboard that provides visualizations of student access to materials in Canvas courses. This document describes a process you can use with LEAD for insights into student access to online course content, as well as some reminders and caveats for use.
Note: This document describes a learning analytics approach to help support student success.
- Remember that students are unique individuals and are much more than their data - be sure to consider the student holistically.
- Guiding principles for the ethical use of data for learning analytics state that learning analytics should be used to benefit students, instructors should be transparent about using learning analytics, instructors should respect students’ privacy and confidentiality, and should minimize potential adverse impacts.
- For additional information on learning analytics at UW-Madison, please visit the learning analytics guide, “What are the pedagogical uses of learning analytics?”
What data are available in LEAD?
Campus tools such as Canvas, Kaltura MediaSpace (video), and Unizin Engage eText are connected to roster information. This provides potential for connecting student identity data with a record of their course access and interaction, such as:
- Course pages or videos they’ve clicked on
- Grades stored in the Canvas gradebook
- Participation such as assignment submissions, or discussion posting
- Time of access or participation
How to access LEAD
To access LEAD, you must be a Principal Instructor in your Canvas Course. Navigate to https://go.wisc.edu/LEAD. You will be able to log in by following the instructions on the screen.
Once inside LEAD you will have access to a home page and three visualization pages.
- Page Views by Date and Hour
- Grades by Page Views
- Page Views by Canvas Activity Type
Please review the Official Data Definitions for the Learner Engagement Analytics Dashboard at the end of this document that provides an overview of LEAD. Those definitions explain what LEAD is and describe and define what data you can see in the visualizations.
How can you use the data available in LEAD?
The LEAD Page Views by Activity Type visualization can offer data related to students' online access to course materials.
LEAD Page Views by Activity Type: Bar chart visualization
The LEAD Page Views by Activity Type visualization can offer data related to students' online access to course materials. The default view is to show the counts of all students' access to all the main categories of content in your course.
Example: Student access to a course content document
You can filter the results to those of a single Main Activity Type (for example Kaltura Video or Canvas Wiki Page). This step is optional but can help you more quickly locate a specific video, assignment or page. This example shows filtering on the Canvas Wiki Pages type. This is the Main Activity Type most often used for course content or resources.
Filtering first by Main Activity Type will help you quickly locate a specific activity (without having to scroll through a list of all your course Announcements, Discussions, Kaltura Videos or other types of content). This example below shows the data filtered to a single page of content (How to Learn at a Distance...), and notice how the Page View count has changed.
Example: Patterns of of access to course content
You may be able to gain additional insights into patterns of how often, and when students view your course content by using additional LEAD visualizations.
In this example, the Grades by Page Views scatter plot, filtered for a single page of content, shows a general pattern that most students who have viewed the selected page have viewed it between 10 and 35 times.
In this example, the Page Views by Date and Hour heat map, filtered for a single page of content over the first week of class, shows a general pattern that most students who viewed the content page did so from Tuesday afternoon through early Wednesday morning.
Using the data
Consider what student engagement looks like in your course, and what indicators you look for in addition to online access. For example, you may consider quality of work, interactions with classmates, types of questions and comments made.
- You could take a ‘wait and see’ approach, and check back on the situation in the future
- You could consider reaching out to individual students
- If you see broad patterns among several students, you may consider taking whole-class actions, such as reminders of participation expectation, or revisiting challenging content
- This data may be useful to you between semesters as part of considering course redesign
Wise, Alyssa Friend, and Yeonji Jung. "Teaching with analytics: Towards a situated model of instructional decision-making." Journal of Learning Analytics 6.2 (2019): 53-69.
Caveats and cautions when using learning analytics data
Data may report that a student has logged in, and accessed a course item, but cannot indicate how a student intellectually engaged with the course.
- Keep in mind the data won't reflect whether a student downloaded content to read later, read the materials in-depth, skimmed or read superficially, or accessed but didn't read at all.
- A lack of access data in the report does not necessarily mean a lack of access.
- Data would not reflect instances where students may have been studying together, if only one student was logged in.
- Data gives general information about the amount of access to a course item
- This may limit the insights you could gain regarding timing and patterns of access.
- There may be nuances in what data is logged for content stored outside of the Canvas course due to the way in which the data are captured.
- For example: links to embedded content, videos or external websites.
- If you value this type of access data, it is recommended that you become familiar with how this data is recorded in your course before interpreting it.
There may be a lag time of approximately 72 hours from students' access activity, and the availability of the data in LEAD. The data is not refreshed in real-time; each tool has a different frequency for updating their analytics.
- This frequency of updates may be useful for reviewing patterns of access across several days or weeks, but cannot be considered complete to accurately show recent activity at a moment in time.
- For example, LEAD data is not a good choice to check for current access status immediately before class .