Prepared by Academic Planning and Institutional Research, the College Portrait contained a standard set of information about the university published as part of the university's participation in the Voluntary System of Accountability. The VSA initiative involves 4-year public colleges and universities belonging to the American Association of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU) and the Association of Public And Land-Grant Universities. The VSA is designed to help institutions demonstrate accountability and stewardship to their publics; measure educational outcomes to identify effective educational practices; and assemble information that is accessible, understandable, and comparable. The College Portrait has been superseded by the Student Achievement Measure, which is intended to improve upon the College Portrait by tracking students across institutions. See UW-Madison's Student Achievement Measure.