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Fishbowl Discussion (classroom)

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Process of facilitating a fishbowl activity in a classroom

Time and Effort

Instructor Prep TimeLow
Student Activity TimeLow
Instructor Response TimeLow
Complexity of ActivityLow


Fishbowl Discussion is a teaching strategy that encourages full student participation, reflection, and depth of knowledge. Students are broken up into groups or teams. Each team takes turns being engaged in discussion (inside the bowl) and observing others' discussions (out of the bowl). Students in the bowl participate in a discussion responding to an instructor prompt. Students outside of the bowl listen and reflect on the alternative viewpoints.


Use it when you want...

  • To make sure all students participate in a discussion,
  • To develop strong speaking and listening skills,
  • To encourage reflection on and assess the elements of a good discussion, or
  • To provide a useful process of discussing controversial or difficult topics.

What students will need


The following workflow is meant as guidance for how you can facilitate a Fishbowl Discussion active learning activity within a classroom.


  • Identify an engaging question or problem that has many potential responses. Try responding to the question yourself.
  • Develop guidelines for students to assess the quality of the discussions.


  • Organize students into groups of 3-5 members.
  • Present students with the topic to discuss or debate.
  • Provide students with guidelines for listening to and participating in the discussion.
  • Provide students with time (up to 5 minutes) to gather their thoughts before beginning.
  • Begin the discussion by calling attention to the performance of one group. 
  • Students organize themselves into groups around the room.
  • The other groups take notes. In some situations, students are given time to ask questions of the participants.
  • Groups provide feedback on presentations.
  • Once the discussion is complete, refocus the class on the performance of the next group.
  • When fishbowl time is up, facilitate a debrief. Students should reflect on the strengths and weaknesses of each discussion, the quality of their performances, and what they learned from the activity. The debriefing may be facilitated by a fishbowl assessment form.


  • Review the outcomes of the activity.

Accessibility and Room Considerations

Technical Documents

Video Examples


Louisiana State University. Active Learning While Physical Distancing. URL:

See Also:

Keywords:fishbowl, discussion, active learning, classroom   Doc ID:104085
Owner:Timmo D.Group:Center for Teaching, Learning & Mentoring
Created:2020-07-16 15:02 CSTUpdated:2021-08-20 13:03 CST
Sites:Center for Teaching, Learning & Mentoring
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