Learn@UW  Using the Equation Editor
This document describes how to use the equation editor.
General Instructions
Entering an Equation
Editing an Existing Equation
Equation Editor Buttons
General Instructions
The equation editor is embedded in the HTML editor
that is available in a variety of tools where editing is done.
The HTML editor is invoked whenever you open the document (e.g., course topic, discussion post, or news item) for editing.
There are three available methods of input for equations: the Graphical Editor, LaTeX, and MathML.
 Graphical Editor
The Graphical Editor enables you to visually create your mathematical equations. This straightforward input method allows for quick creation of equations. The way your equation looks when you are creating it is the same way your equation displays to other users.
 LaTeX
LaTeX is a document typesetting language that provides a text syntax for mathematical formulas. You enter an equation in LaTeX format.  MathML
MathML is an internet standard adopted by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) for the storage and display of mathematical equations. It uses XML to describe mathematical notation by capturing its structure and content. You enter an equation as MathML commands.
To use the equation editor in the HTML editor, do the following:

Place the cursor in the document where you want to insert an equation.

Select the 'Graphical Equation' icon ( ) in the tool bar to open the Graphical Editor or select the method of your choice from the dropdown by this icon.

Enter your equation according to the input method as described in the section on Entering an Equation below.

Press the Insert button in the lower right corner to insert the equation and return to the HTML editor.

Within the HTML editor, you will see a yellow box with a 'Sigma' symbol in the middle where the equation has been inserted. Before saving and exiting the HTML editor, you may press the 'Preview' icon to view the actual equation along with the rest of the document.
Entering an Equation
Enter an equation according to the input method selected:
Graphical Editor
The Insert Equation interface contains this:
Create your equation in the equation area (large white box) using any of the available symbols and operators made accessible by clicking a tabbed page in the toolbar at the top of the Equation Editor.
Each tabbed page opens a palette of related
mathematical symbols.
The first tabbed page also contains some controls to edit or format the equation:
Editing Controls 
Controls to Format Selected Text 
Equations are built up out of templates. Create a new template by clicking on its button in the toolbar.
Blank templates have 'slots' represented by small squares that can be filled in. To select a slot, click on it with the mouse, or use the 'Tab' key to cycle between empty slots.
If you highlight an expression, and then click on a template, the highlighted expression will automatically be placed in the main template slot.
You can switch to MathML input mode by selecting the 'Toggle graphical / MathML editor' ( </> ) control near the lower right corner.
The palettes for the available buttons are shown in the section Equation Editor Buttons below.
LaTeX
The Insert Equation interface contains this:
You may click the "Which LaTeX commands are supported?" to find out which commands are supported by the application.
Enter supported LaTeX commands in the box under "LaTeX Equation".
Look at the preview of the equation displayed and modify the LaTeX commands as needed.
After doing so, the Insert Equation interface will look like this:
MathML
The Insert Equation interface contains this:
Enter supported MathML tags in the box under "MathML Equation".
You should press the Generate a Preview button to preview the equation and modify the MathML tags as needed.
After doing so, the Insert Equation interface will look like this:
You can switch to Graphical Editor input mode by selecting the 'Toggle graphical / MathML editor' ( </> ) control.
Editing an Existing Equation
To edit an existing equation in a document, place your cursor on the equation and click the 'Graphical equation' icon ( ), 'MathML equation' icon (<>), or 'LaTeX equation' icon ( \ ) that appears in the toolbar, depending on how the equation was inserted. The Edit Equation interface will open using the Math Format that was used to create the equation. You can then modify the equation and save it by pressing the Insert button.Equation Editor Buttons
The palettes for the buttons in the Graphical Editor are shown below:
General
Symbols
Arrows
Greek Letters
Matrices
When a matrix is present and selected, a 'Properties' tab appears at the right providing a way to insert or remove rows and columns.
Properties for Matrices
Controls to Insert/Remove Rows/Columns
Scripts and Layouts
Decorations
Big Operators
Calculus