Process of facilitating a fishbowl activity in a physically-distanced learning space
Time and Effort
|Instructor Prep Time||Low|
|Student Activity Time||Low|
|Instructor Response Time||Low|
|Complexity of Activity||Low|
Fishbowl Discussion is a teaching strategy that encourages full student participation, reflection, and depth of knowledge. Students are broken up into groups or teams. Each team takes turns being engaged in discussion (inside the bowl) and observing others' discussions (out of the bowl). Students in the bowl participate in a discussion responding to an instructor prompt. Students outside of the bowl listen and reflect on the alternative viewpoints.
Use it when you want...
- To make sure all students participate in a discussion,
- To develop strong speaking and listening skills,
- To encourage reflection on and assess the elements of a good discussion, or
- To provide a useful process of discussing controversial or difficult topics.
What students will need
- Laptop, or tablet, or mobile phone
- Top Hat mobile app installed on a tablet or mobile phone
- Classroom with campus wireless connection
- Resources for student access to computers
The following workflow is meant as guidance for how you can facilitate a Fishbowl Discussion active learning activity within a classroom with a physical distancing layout.
- Identify an engaging question or problem that has many potential responses. Try responding to the question yourself.
- Develop guidelines for students to assess the quality of the discussions.
- Select the desired approach and prepare the technology to facilitate the activity (ex. Create a shared Google Doc for each group or set up your Blackboard Collaborate Ultra session for the class).
- Organize students into groups of 3-5 members.
- Present students with the topic to discuss or debate.
- Provide students with guidelines for listening to and participating in the discussion.
- Provide students with time (up to 5 minutes) to gather their thoughts before beginning.
- The other groups take notes or use a rubric shared through Google Docs to evaluate the discussion. In some situations, students are given time to ask questions of the participants.
- Group feedback on presentations can take place using the Blackboard Collaborate Ultra Chat feature or Top Hat discussion question type.
- Once the discussion is complete, refocus the class on the performance of the next group.
- When fishbowl time is up, facilitation a debrief. Students should reflect on the strengths and weaknesses of each discussion, the quality of their performances, and what they learned from the activity. The debriefing may be facilitated by a fishbowl assessment form.
- Review the outcomes of the activity.
Accessibility and Room Considerations
- Classroom furniture is not to be rearranged to facilitate activities. If you need a different general assignment classroom to meet your instructional needs, contact your curricular representative.
- If students are to move around the room during an activity, consider the mobility, location, equipment, and furniture needs of all students.
- The physical distance between students (particularly in large lecture halls) may make it difficult for students to hear one another when they are asked to speak.
- This same physical distance may increase the noise level in the room as students try to speak to one another. This noise level may cause issues for some students. To this end, it is recommended that group size be limited to pairs (ideally) or triads at most. Activities requiring larger group sizes should utilize text-based chat solutions like those found in Blackboard Collaborate Ultra.
- The technologies recommended here should meet most campus accessibility requirements. However, you should check with the McBurney Disability Resources Center for guidance on any specific accommodations for your students.
- Using Top Hat Discussion Question Type
- Creating a Document Template in Google Docs
- Using Google Docs Chat Feature to Collaborate
- Using Breakout Rooms in Blackboard Collaborate Ultra
- Using Blackboard Collaborate Ultra with iOS Devices
Louisiana State University. Active Learning While Physical Distancing. URL: https://go.wisc.edu/03oyks.