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Kaltura MediaSpace - Recommended video source formats and specifications (UW-Madison)

This document provides recommended video and audio settings when creating video to upload to Kaltura MediaSpace to ensure theyu are successfully processed.

While Kaltura supports a wide range of video formats and codecs, there are some recommended specifications for creating source files. These settings help ensure that your source file is quickly processed, while offering the optimal video and audio quality. The information provides the recommended settings for exporting or publishing a video project in software like Adobe Premiere, TechSmith Camtasia, Apple iMovie, and others. More detailed settings can be found in Kaltura's document Recommended Video Source Formats and Specifications.

Recommended video settings

 Specification  Recommendation
 Source Format:  MP4
 Video Codec:  H.264
 Frame Size: We recommend a 1280 x 720 frame size as a good balance between quality and file size.
1920 x 1080
can be used if you have material where you want especially high quality or fine detail discernible.
While you can upload high resolution 4k (3840 x 2160) video to Kaltura MediaSpace, it will be compressed down to 1920 x 1080. We do not recommend uploading 4k video at this time as it will take longer to both upload and process with no gain in resolution or quality.
 Bitrate:  3,750-5,000 Kbps bitrate
See Frame Size with Recommended Bitrates for other frame sizes and data rates.
 Frame rate / frames per second / fps:  Use original frame rate if possible. Common frame rates include 24, 25, 29.97, 30 fps
 Size:  While Kaltura MediaSpace can handle larger files we recommend keeping the MP4 video file size below 2.0 GB. The larger the file the longer it will take to upload and process.
 Audio:  AAC or MP3

Uploading videos with specifications outside of these recommendations may result in extended upload or processing times, and/or errors from Kaltura MediaSpace. Some editing and transcoding software allow you to set various export settings. In the options choose the following if available:
  • MP4 Streaming - choose Fast-Start.
  • MP4 Video Compression - choose H.264 High profile.
  • Bitrate – based on video dimensions. See table below.
  • Progressive scan mode – avoid interlaced video.
  • Multi pass –multi-pass will provide better quality. 
  • VBR vs. CBR - VBR (variable bitrate) usually provides better quality than CBR (constant bitrate).
  • Frame Rate – choose Current.

 Frame sizes with recommended bitrates

 16:9 aspect ratio video
 4:3 aspect ratio video
 Bitrate Range
 640 x 360  640 x 480  1,350-1,800 Kbps
 1280 x 720 (720p)  1280 x 960
 3,750-5,000 Kbps
 1920 x 1080 (1080p)  1920 x 1440
 6,000-8,000 Kbps

Learn@UW-Madison generally recommends a maximum frame size of 1280 x 720. If you require your audience to discern especially fine detail in the video, then a 1920 x 1080 (1080p) frame size may be warranted.

Recommended audio settings

   Recommended  Avoid
 Compression  AAC, MP3  Nellymoser
 Channels  Stereo, Mono  Surround - 5.1, 7.1
 Sample Size  44.1 kHz or lower  
 Sound Levels  Normalized  Peaks, low sound




Keywords:kaltura, UW-Madison, h264, mp4, video, format, spec, specification, maximum, max, file, size, ideal, target, settings media, mediaspace, best, tip, trick, 4k   Doc ID:47264
Owner:Learn@UW Madison .Group:Learn@UW-Madison
Created:2015-02-17 11:15 CDTUpdated:2020-07-07 18:40 CDT
Sites:DoIT Help Desk, Learn@UW-Madison
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