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Creating Top Hat Click on Target Questions

How to use Top Hat Click on Target Questions to facilitate different pedagogical outcomes

Click on Target questions allow you to upload an image, have students identify a requested target on the image, and then view the the aggregate student submissions on a heat map. Click-on-target questions can be used for both polling questions and questions with correct answers. There are specific options and settings that can affect the outcome of the interaction in the classroom. This document will present the options and clarify the outcomes that they may facilitate.


Target Question Example

Correct Answers

Correct Answers

To create a free-response question without a correct answer, create the question without setting a target zone. 

If your question has a correct target zone for submissions, indicate this by clicking on the correct area within your image. This will place a target on your image that you can drag, resize, or delete (resize using the white circles on the left and right edges of the target area. 

Extra Attempts

Type the number of additional clicks allowed in the "Extra Attempts" field (keeping in mind this will be in addition to the 1 attempt per target they earn by default.) Regardless of the number of clicks allotted to students, students will be awarded full correctness grades if they correctly click on all of the targets, and partial grades if they click on some, but not all of the targets.

Multiple targets

Multiple correct "target zones" can be placed in this question type. Some questions may lend themselves well to allowing students to identify multiple regions on the same image. For example, ask students to identify the 3 countries they'd most like to visit, ensure they are able to click on the image 3 times and identify 3 targets, prior to submitting their response.

Response Options

Group question

Selecting this option will prompt students to respond to the question as a group instead of individually. To use this option, You will need to set up groups in Top Hat prior to class for this feature to work. When a group question is presented, one student in the group responds on behalf of all the students in their group. 

Anonymous answers

This option will fully anonymize the question by only recording aggregate response totals. No response data from the question will be tracked to the course Gradebook, meaning students' individual responses to the question will never be on record. This option is recommended for questions dealing with potentially sensitive or polarizing subject matter. Selecting this option will also mean that no participation points can be assigned either. 

Note: When selected, the word "Anonymous" will be displayed in the top right corner to let students know that the results are, indeed, anonymous. 

Grading Options

Grading options allow you to assign points for both getting a correct answer and/or for participating in the question. Note: grading is not possible when a question is designated as anonymous.

Correctness: There may be times when you want to assign points for correctness alone. If you are presenting a large number of questions, you might need to assign participation points to all questions.

Participation: There may also be times when you want to assign participation points alone. If you want to measure the level of understanding among all students and don't care whether they get the correct answer but want to know that each person responded, participation points can do just that.

Both: There may be times when you want to provide points for correctness and participation. If you want to encourage students to try and/or ensure that each student is participating, you can split points between both. The default value is .5 points for getting the answer correct and .5 points for participating in answering the question.

Response Timer

This option will attach a timer of a designated length to the question, which will begin counting down when the question is presented. Students must submit their responses before the time elapses and the question closes. Note: Be aware this option may create inequity for those requiring more time than is allowed.

Review Options

This feature is intended for situations in which you want to have students access your content outside of the class. You can assign a question to students AFTER you present it to students in class if you want them to be able to review the results of the question. You can provide an explanation for the correct answer to students after they respond to the question. Hints and explanations will not be displayed to students in the class presentation of the question. 

Keywordstop hat, click, heatmap, target, image, options, design, outcomes, pedagogyDoc ID132820
OwnerTimmo D.GroupInstructional Resources
Created2023-11-15 15:14:03Updated2024-04-16 09:10:06
SitesCenter for Teaching, Learning & Mentoring
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