Against the grain

at right angles to direction of paper grain. Opposite of paper grain direction


a border of lamination material used with laminated products, standard is 1/8"


printed image that extends beyond trim marks, so finished product does not have a white border (generally 1/8" is the setting for bleed)


a finishing term for gathering paper in a precise order

Cover weight

heavier-weight (thicker/more-rigid) paper consisting of various grades

Customer's Originals

print ready copy


a quality control device to measure the density of printing ink


the degree of color or darkness of an image or photograph


metal rule or imaged block used to cut or place an image on paper in the finishing process


see duplex category


a halftone picture made up of two printed colors


strong, styrofoam-like board that printed material is mounted to


metal fingers on a printing press that hold the paper as it passes through the press, the image is registered in relation to the gripper. Similar to sideguide


converting a continuous tone to dots for printing


right reading sheets with head on top, that, when duplexed, heads run together on front and back of sheet. The back sheet is right-side up


right reading sheets with head on top, that, when duplexed, heads run opposite on front and back of sheet. The back sheet is upside down


reoccurring unplanned spots that appear in the printed image from dust, lint, dried ink

Image Area

portion of paper on which ink can appear


putting an image on paper


an outline drawing (see also trim box defintion)


using a high-temperature process to melt plastic on paper, can be one or two-sided


small magnifying glass used to review a printed image, plate, and position film


M, one of the four process colors used in the CMYK printing process, pink/purple in color


all the activities required to prepare a press for printing

Matte finish

dull paper, ink, or laminate finish


occurs when screen angles are wrong causing odd patterns in photographs


the image on a film that inverts color

Offset Paper

term for uncoated paper


using an intermediate surface to transfer ink. This also occurs when images of freshly printed sheets transfer images to each other


transparent cover sheet on artwork often used for instructions

Page count

total number of pages in a book including blanks

Pantone Matching System

(PMS) Industry standard for ink mixing

Perf (Perforation)

a series of small cuts at regular intervals usually made to help a sheet tear apart evenly

Perfect bind

type of binding that uses glue on the spine of the sheets to adhere a cover to the sheets, like a phone book


see page 14, job F141491 for example


Plate is a metal plate is imaged in a plate setter for each separation on an offset press job.

Plate gap

gripper space. The area where the grippers hold the sheet as it passes through the press

process color

the process of combining four basic colors to create a printed color picture or colors composed from the basic four colors

Right-Angle fold

two folds at right angles to each other


rough layout of a printed piece showing position and finished size


an intentional crease made in paper to help eliminate cracking when folded

Self cover

a cover of the same paper as inside text pages


to use a separate plate for front and back printing, using the same gripper and guide for both sides of the sheet

Side guide

the mechanical register unit on a printing press that positions a sheet from the side


a sheet of printed pages that when folded become part of a publication (i.e., book, magazine, etc.)


only one side of the page is printed, meaning the back side of each page is blank


the binding edge of a publication (i.e., book, magazine, etc.)

Stack by page or subset

to keep each piece separate or independent


Staple is a term for a staple added to a printed packet or book, commonly in the upper left corner or along the left side of a booklet.


the process of placing the same image on a single sheet or page of a document multiple times


a defined part of a set

Tape Bind

a type of binding that uses a strip of durable tape to hold a book together lines that indicate where to trim before a job goes on the collator or other binding equipment, by doing this it allows the operator to still see the trim marks for final trim

Text weight

lighter-weight (thinner/pliable) paper consisting of various grades

Trim size

finished size after final trim is made

UW red

the mixed ink graphic standard for UW printing; also PMS 200


distinctive design created in paper at the time of manufacture that can be easily seen by holding the paper up to a light

With the grain

folding or feeding paper into the press or folder parallel to the grain of paper

Work and tumble

using the same plate and same guide, printing one side of a sheet, and flipping it from gripper to tail to print on the back of the sheet. Similar to perfecting but 2 passes


Y, one of the four process colors used in the CMYK printing process, yellow in color