Against the grain

at right angles to direction of paper grain. Opposite of paper grain direction

Coil Bind

a plastic coil that has a 4:1 pitch ratio used as a binding material to hold a book together

Customer's Originals

print ready copy


C, one of the four process colors used in the CMYK printing process, blue in color


a quality control device to measure the density of printing ink


the degree of color or darkness of an image or photograph


a halftone picture made up of two printed colors

Gloss finish

shiny, reflective, smooth finish on paper or laminate


the direction in which the paper fiber lie


converting a continuous tone to dots for printing


the arrangement of pages on a press sheet, or, the arrangement of fields on a document


putting an image on paper


adding copy to a previously printed page


postal information place on a printed product


an outline drawing (see also trim box defintion)


using a high-temperature process to melt plastic on paper, can be one or two-sided


M, one of the four process colors used in the CMYK printing process, pink/purple in color

Matte finish

dull paper, ink, or laminate finish

Multi on

two or more different images placed on one sheet two or more of the same images up on one sheet


multiple-part paper form that does not use carbon paper


the image on a film that inverts color


using an intermediate surface to transfer ink. This also occurs when images of freshly printed sheets transfer images to each other


material that is to be reproduced using various printing methods. i.e., PDFs, documents, photographs, artwork, product sample, or artist's drawing

Page count

total number of pages in a book including blanks

Pantone Matching System

(PMS) Industry standard for ink mixing

Perf (Perforation)

a series of small cuts at regular intervals usually made to help a sheet tear apart evenly

Perfect bind

type of binding that uses glue on the spine of the sheets to adhere a cover to the sheets, like a phone book


see page 14, job F141491 for example


typically 44 hole (on 11" sheet of paper) on the binding-edge of a sheet of paper, created by punching the paper using a die that punches out the holes

Right-Angle fold

two folds at right angles to each other


a sheet of printed pages that when folded become part of a publication (i.e., book, magazine, etc.)


only one side of the page is printed, meaning the back side of each page is blank


the binding edge of a publication (i.e., book, magazine, etc.)


the process of placing the same image on a single sheet or page of a document multiple times

Tape Bind

a type of binding that uses a strip of durable tape to hold a book together lines that indicate where to trim before a job goes on the collator or other binding equipment, by doing this it allows the operator to still see the trim marks for final trim


a shade of a single color or combined colors


used to expand the dominant ink to be printed larger-than the less-dominant ink, used to help tight registration on offset printing

UV Coating

protective liquid coating applied to printed sheets (similar to varnish), bonded and cured with ultra-violet (UV) light


clear ink-like substance that is applied to printed surfaces for appearance and protection

With the grain

folding or feeding paper into the press or folder parallel to the grain of paper

Work and tumble

using the same plate and same guide, printing one side of a sheet, and flipping it from gripper to tail to print on the back of the sheet. Similar to perfecting but 2 passes

Work and turn

using the same plate and common guide, printing one side of a sheet, and flipping it from left to right to print on the back of the sheet