Glossary search results: 119

1 to 1
referring to copies, SS docs to SS copies

1 to 2
referring to copies, SS docs to DS copies

2 to 1
referring to copies, DS docs to SS copies

2 to 2
referring to copies, DS docs to DS copies

4 color process
the process of combining four basic colors to create a printed color picture or colors composed from the basic four colors

4C
4 colors - color printing

4\0
a trade designation for a printed piece with four colors (full color) printing on the front side and no printing on the back side

4\1
a trade designation for a printed piece with four colors (full color) printing on the front side and one color printing on the back side

4\4
a trade designation for a printed piece with four colors (full color) on the front side and four colors (full color) printing on the back side

4\K
Process color over Black: One side of the page prints 4 process colors and the other side prints Black

Against the grain
at right angles to direction of paper grain. Opposite of paper grain direction

BC

business card


Bead
a border of lamination material used with laminated products, standard is 1/8"

BKLT

booklet


Black
K, one of the four process colors used in the CMYK printing process, black in color. Also referred to as the Key color

Bleeds
printed image that extends beyond trim marks, so finished product does not have a white border (generally 1/8" is the setting for bleed)

C

Cyan (see Cyan definition)


Coil Bind
a plastic coil that has a 4:1 pitch ratio used as a binding material to hold a book together

Collate
a finishing term for gathering paper in a precise order

Cover weight
heavier-weight (thicker/more-rigid) paper consisting of various grades

Crop
to cut off parts of a picture or image

Crop marks
printed lines showing where to trim a printed sheet

Customer's Originals
print ready copy

CVR
Cover

Cyan
C, one of the four process colors used in the CMYK printing process, blue in color

Densitometer
a quality control device to measure the density of printing ink

Density
the degree of color or darkness of an image or photograph

Die
metal rule or imaged block used to cut or place an image on paper in the finishing process

DOC
document

Double-sided
see duplex category

Drilltypically 3 or 5 circular holes on the binding-edge of a sheet of paper, created by drilling through paper 
 * 3 hole and 5 hole with 5/16" drill is standard 

Drop fold
a set of multiple pages that fold together, dropped by hand into machine

DS
double-sided (see duplex category)

Duotone
a halftone picture made up of two printed colors

Flush cut
cut to the edge

Foamcore
strong, styrofoam-like board that printed material is mounted to

Fold
bindery term, one or more intentional creases in the paper

Gloss finish
shiny, reflective, smooth finish on paper or laminate

Grain
the direction in which the paper fiber lie

Grippers
metal fingers on a printing press that hold the paper as it passes through the press, the image is registered in relation to the gripper. Similar to sideguide

Halftone
converting a continuous tone to dots for printing

Head-to-head
right reading sheets with head on top, that, when duplexed, heads run together on front and back of sheet. The back sheet is right-side up

Head-to-toe
right reading sheets with head on top, that, when duplexed, heads run opposite on front and back of sheet. The back sheet is upside down

HH
head-to-head (see head-to-head definition)

Hickey
reoccurring unplanned spots that appear in the printed image from dust, lint, dried ink

Highlight
the lightest areas in a picture or halftone

HT
head-to-toe (see head-to-toe definition)

Image Area
portion of paper on which ink can appear

IMP
imposition

Imposition
the arrangement of pages on a press sheet, or, the arrangement of fields on a document

Impression
putting an image on paper

Imprint
adding copy to a previously printed page

Indicia
postal information place on a printed product

K
Black - also referred to as the Key color (see Black definition)

Keyline
an outline drawing (see also trim box defintion)

Laminate
using a high-temperature process to melt plastic on paper, can be one or two-sided

Lupe
small magnifying glass used to review a printed image, plate, and position film

M1. Magenta (see Magenta definition) 
2. Roman Numeral for 1,000

Magenta
M, one of the four process colors used in the CMYK printing process, pink/purple in color

Make-ready
all the activities required to prepare a press for printing

Matte finish
dull paper, ink, or laminate finish

Moire
occurs when screen angles are wrong causing odd patterns in photographs

Multi on
two or more different images placed on one sheet 

two or more of the same images up on one sheet

Multi up
(see Step-and-repeat)

NCR
multiple-part paper form that does not use carbon paper

Negative
the image on a film that inverts color

Offset Paper
term for uncoated paper

Offsetting
using an intermediate surface to transfer ink. This also occurs when images of freshly printed sheets transfer images to each other

Opacity
the amount of show-through on a printed sheet. The lesser the amount of show-through the thicker the paper, the more show-through the thinner the paper

Original
material that is to be reproduced using various printing methods. i.e., PDFs, documents, photographs, artwork, product sample, or artist's drawing

Overlay
transparent cover sheet on artwork often used for instructions

PAG
pagination sheet

Page count
total number of pages in a book including blanks

Pantone Matching System
(PMS) Industry standard for ink mixing

PB
perfect bind / perfect bound

Perf (Perforation)
a series of small cuts at regular intervals usually made to help a sheet tear apart evenly

Perfect bind
type of binding that uses glue on the spine of the sheets to adhere a cover to the sheets, like a phone book

Perfecting
see page 14, job F141491 for example

PG
page

Pica
unit of measurement. One pica = 1/6 inch

Plate gap
gripper space. The area where the grippers hold the sheet as it passes through the press

PMS
Pantone Matching System (see Pantone Matching System definition)

PMS 200
the mixed ink graphic standard for UW printing; also UW red

Punch
typically 44 hole (on 11" sheet of paper) on the binding-edge of a sheet of paper, created by punching the paper using a die that punches out the holes

QTY
quantity

Right-Angle fold
two folds at right angles to each other

Sample
rough layout of a printed piece showing position and finished size

Score
an intentional crease made in paper to help eliminate cracking when folded

Self cover
a cover of the same paper as inside text pages

Sheetwise
to use a separate plate for front and back printing, using the same gripper and guide for both sides of the sheet

Side guide
the mechanical register unit on a printing press that positions a sheet from the side

Signature
a sheet of printed pages that when folded become part of a publication (i.e., book, magazine, etc.)

Single-sided
only one side of the page is printed, meaning the back side of each page is blank

Spine
the binding edge of a publication (i.e., book, magazine, etc.)

SS
single-sided (see single-sided definition)

Stack by page or subset
to keep each piece separate or independent

Step-and-repeat
the process of placing the same image on a single sheet or page of a document multiple times

Stock
the material to be printed on

Subset
a defined part of a set

SW
Sheetwise (see sheetwise definition)

Tape Bind
a type of binding that uses a strip of durable tape to hold a book together lines that indicate where to trim before a job goes on the collator or other binding equipment, by doing this it allows the operator to still see the trim marks for final trim

Text weight
lighter-weight (thinner/pliable) paper consisting of various grades

Tints
a shade of a single color or combined colors

Trapping
used to expand the dominant ink to be printed larger-than the less-dominant ink, used to help tight registration on offset printing

Trim Box
(see also Keyline defintion)

Trim marks
see crop marks

Trim size
finished size after final trim is made

TXT
text

UV Coating
liquid laminate bonded and cured with ultra-violet light

UW red
the mixed ink graphic standard for UW printing; also PMS 200

Varnish
clear ink-like substance that is applied to printed surfaces for appearance and protection

Watermark
distinctive design created in paper at the time of manufacture that can be easily seen by holding the paper up to a light

With the grain
folding or feeding paper into the press or folder parallel to the grain of paper

Work and tumble
using the same plate and same guide, printing one side of a sheet, and flipping it from gripper to tail to print on the back of the sheet. Similar to perfecting but 2 passes

Work and turn
using the same plate and common guide, printing one side of a sheet, and flipping it from left to right to print on the back of the sheet

WT
work and turn (see work and turn definition)

WTUM
work and tumble (see work and tumble definition)

Y
Yellow (see Yellow definition)

Yellow
Y, one of the four process colors used in the CMYK printing process, yellow in color