4C

4 colors - color printing


Academic Staff

Professional and administrative personnel with 1) Duties that are exempt from the overtime provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA); and 2) Perform work that is primarily associated with higher education institutions or their administration.


Academic Staff

  1. Academic Staff are respected professionals who hold positions in virtually every unit on campus. These positions are either unique to higher education and/or provide direct support for academic programming and/or develop and implement policies at UW-Madison. The academic staff contribute daily to the quality and reputation of a University recognized and respected around the world. Learn more


Academic Staff

Academic Staff: a professional and administrative employee other than faculty with duties and types of appointments that are primarily associated with higher education institutions or their administration.  Each academic staff has a principal role related to research, teaching, outreach, student services, information technology, libraries, communications, clinical/health services, or other responsibilities. 


Account Consolidation

The process of combining multiple accounts into a single account during the transition to Office 365.


Accounting and Financial Team

  1. The Accounting Team offers support with non-credit custom course contracts, credit courses accounting administration, research and effort administration, hotel contracts, academic support service agreements, accounts receivable, travel expense reports, credit card payment authorizations, and supplies orders.


Accrued Leave

The amount of sick leave, vacation, vacation carryover, personal holiday, legal holiday and banked leave an employee has earned based on the number of hours in pay status.


Accuracy

The degree with which a measurement matches the actual, true or target value (see also Precision).


Achievement Test

 Test designed to evaluate mastery of a given body of material. Grades are generally based on achievement tests. The SAT (Stanford Achievement Tests) is an example of an achievement test. See also Aptitude Test


Acidosis (rumen)

Condition characterized by a low rumen pH (below 6). The normal rumen function are impeded usually because too much concentrates were fed.


Acknowledge Reportable Event

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB staff reviewer to acknowledge receipt of a reportable event that does not require further IRB review. Upon acknowledgement, the study will return to the approved state.


ACSSS*

Adult Career Special Student Services:  
Admissions, advising, and academic deans office for 4,500 UW-Madison University Special Students. Provides comprehensive assistance for returning adult degree students, career assessment and help with career transitions. Learn More.


Activity

An activity is an action that you can take for a submission. For example, if a study team wants to respond to pre-review issues, they would use the Send Issues Response activity. Activities are always listed on the left of each study workspace. The list of activities changes based on a user's role in ARROW and what state a submission is in.


Administrative Contact

An organization's administrative point of contact, responsible for assigning staff time to the Office 365 transition. Communicates with the Office 365 Team and their organization's leadership.


Allometric (equation)

Allometric equations take the general form Y = aMb, where Y is some biological variable, M is a measure of body size, and b is some scaling exponent. See West et al. (2012) for more details.


AMINO ACID

One of the 20 building block units of protein. Amino acids contain both an amino group (NH2) and an acid or carboxyl group (COOH).


Ancillary Committee (ANC)

Ancillary Committees (ANC) are committees that have oversight for specific areas of a submission, such as investigational drugs, conflict of interest, or Veterans Affairs (VA) issues. These committees do not issue approval for the study a whole; only for their areas of oversight.

The IRB will forward submissions to the appropriate ancillary committee if review is needed and has not yet been provided. Ancillary committees may request  documentation from the study team that is additional to the IRB application completed in ARROW.


Applicant

Job seeker who has applied for the vacancy.


Application Plan

An Application Plan defines index keys of a document. It is created in the Perceptive Content Management Console and set in a Capture Profile.


Archived

This is a state in ARROW.  Once an application is in the archived state, no other activities with that application are possible, other
than copy/paste of text. Studies in the archived state can not be re-opened. 


ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION

Reproductive procedure by which semen previously collected from sires, packaged in “straws” and frozen in liquid nitrogen is thawed and manually deposited in the uterus of a cow in estrus, in the hope of conception. Artificial insemination is a technology that allows for genetic improvement based on selection and use of superior sires.(see also Timed Artificial Insemination).


Asynchronous

  1. Asynchronous learning is a student-centered teaching method that uses online learning resources to facilitate instruction that is not being delivered in person or in real time.  Discussion forums and recorded lectures are examples of asynchronous components in an online course.


Autodiscover

Exchange Autodiscover is a web service that helps Microsoft Exchange administrators configure user profile settings for clients running Outlook Enterprise/Subscription/2019/2016. It allows users to easily configure their email client knowing only their email address and password.


Automatic Reply

Also known as a vacation message or an out of office message. Automatic reply is a rule that can be set in your Office 365 account that will automatically reply to incoming emails with a preset response for a preset amount of time.


Awaiting Correspondence

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have undergone IRB review, a meeting decision has been recorded and the IRB staff can draft correspondence for the study team. 


Awaiting Scientific Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been triaged by the IRB and determined to require scientific review.  In this state, the Scientific Review Committee (e.g. CTRC PIR, SRC, PRMC) will review the study and indicate the outcome of their review.   


BACTERIA

Single-cell organisms living either independently or in close association with other living organisms. Often referred to as microbes or microorganisms because of their microscopic size. Some bacteria are beneficial, but others cause infectious diseases.


Batches

Documents are scanned in batches which are placed into the batches view of Perceptive Content. Once in the batches view, the batches undergo processing which includes separation into individual documents and quality assurance.


BC

business card


Biogenic

Produced or brought about by living organisms.


BIOLOGICAL VALUE (of a protein)

A measure of protein quality. The percentage of protein in a feed which is not lost in the urine or the feces of the animal. Biological value is a reflection of the balance of amino acids available to the animal after digestion and absorption.


Black

K, one of the four process colors used in the CMYK printing process, black in color. Also referred to as the Key color


Blue-Collar Multi-Shift

University Staff titles that are in pay schedule 03 (e.g., custodian, food service assistant, food retail/catering leader and food production assistant) and in multiple-shift environments (e.g., first shift, second shift and third shift).


Brochure ID

  1. The Brochure ID is a unique identifier assigned in ET to a specific promotional material piece.


Budget (Program) Decision

The reallocation or termination of resources by a university management decision that may result in staffing reductions in a program or operational area.


BULL (CLEAN-UP)

A bull used for natural mating after mutiple artificial insemination attempts have failed to establish pregnancy.


C

Cyan (see Cyan definition)


C-basis

Salary rate computed on a nine-month, academic year basis.


CALORIE

A unit of heat that can be used to measure the amount of energy in a feed or a ration. A calorie is the amount heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water from 14.5 ° centigrade to 15.5 ° centigrade.


CALVE (to)

(see Parturition)


Candidate

Applicant who has been deemed minimally qualified for the vacancy.


Capture Profile

A reusable collection of settings that simplifies entering documents into Perceptive Content imaging software. Captures profiles can set entities such as document keys, device choice, workflow queues, etc.


Capture Token

A licensing mechanism. Every scanner used with ImageNow uses a token; if all tokens are in use, another scanner cannot be configured until one is released.


CARBOHYDRATE

Any of a group of chemical compounds, including sugars, starches, and cellulose, containing only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, with a ratio of hydrogen to oxygen of 2:1.


CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2)

A gas produced by combustion or oxidation of organic matter. Carbon dioxide is also produced in large quantities during ruminal fermentation.


CASI

Committee on Academic Staff Issues; these committees have been established in each school and college to advise Deans on policies and procedures, promotional opportunities, participation in department governance, and performance recognition for academic staff.


CATABOLISM

The part of the metabolism in which metabolites are oxidized for the production of work and heat.


CATALYST

A substance present in small amounts that increases the rate of chemical or biochemical reactions without being consumed in the process.


Categories

Is a feature in Outlook and Outlook on the web that allows you to assign a keyword or phrase (and color) to help you keep track of items/events. Using this feature you can easily find, sort, filter, or group different items/events that are located across your different folders/calendars.


CELL WALL

Fibrous structure that provides rigidity to the plant. The cell wall is composed of digestible fibrous carbohydrates (cellulose; hemicellulose and pectin) and an indigestible phenolic compounds (e.g., lignin and tannin).


CELLULOSE (C6H10O5)n:

A polymer - long chain- of glucose units. Cellulose is the most abundant organic matter in the world. It is a major component of plant cell wall. Ruminant can use cellulose as an energy source because of fermentation by bacteria in the rumen.


Centralized Recruitment

Process in which OHR helps divisions manage the recruitment, assessment and selection of high-volume and continuously recruited positions (e.g., custodial positions).


CEREAL

A plant in the grass family (gramineae), the seeds (i.e., grain) of which are used for human and animal food (e.g., maize, rice and wheat).


Certified

This is a state in ARROW.  Applications in this state have been certified as not constituting human subjects research.  This includes grant related applications not directly involving human subjects (e.g. protocol development activities only). 


Certify Not Human Subjects Research

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB staff reviewer to certify that an application does not constitute human subjects research.  This activity occurs in the Pre-review state.


CHAFF

Glumes, husk, or other seed coverings, together with the plant parts, separated from seeds in threshing or processing.


Chancellor

The chief executive of UW–Madison.


Changes Requested - Scientific Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have undergone scientific review and changes were requested by the scientific review committee.  In this state, the study team can either 1) respond to the committee request so that it returns to the Awaiting Scientific Review state for additional review, or 2) withdraw the application. 


CHEW (to)

To crush or grind (food) in the mouth by continued action of the teeth with the help of the tongue (syn to masticate).


City of Madison Living Wage

110% of the Federal poverty rate for a family of four.


Civil Service System

A hiring process that incorporates merit selection principles including objective criteria to evaluate job applicants and make hiring decisions.


CLINICAL

Involving or based on direct observation of the patient (a clinical diagnosis). A clinical disease is a disease that can be diagnosed by examination because of signs / symptoms of discomfort, anomalies of the normal state


Clone ID

  1. A Clone ID is an ET Number assigned to the basic curriculum of a course. It is inclusive of Instances that share the same Curriculum ID. See also: Curriculum ID [KB Curriculum ID]


Closed

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been closed by the IRB after the investigator has submitted a study completion report. 


Cloud Service

Services made available to users on demand via the Internet from a cloud computing provider's servers as opposed to being provided from a company's own on-premises servers. Cloud services are designed to provide easy, scalable access to applications, resources and services, and are fully managed by a cloud services provider.


COB

The central core of an ear of corn.


COI

Conflict of Interest  


UW-Madison faculty and staff may participate in activities with external entities which may generate conflicts between the needs of the institution and the outside entity. These conflicts are common, frequently avoidable and can often be appropriately managed. UW-Madison collects reports of these potential conflicts in the form of OARs.


Coil Bind

a plastic coil that has a 4:1 pitch ratio used as a binding material to hold a book together


Collaboration Space

Collaboration Space is a type of notebook in Office 365's Class Notebook app. It is a notebook for all students and the teacher in the class to share, organize, and collaborate.


Collate

a finishing term for gathering paper in a precise order


COLOSTRUM

The thick and yellowish secretion collected from the mammary gland at the first milking after calving. The colostrum is low in lactose but normally high in total solid (24%). It is rich in fat, proteins and antibodies that help the new born calf to fight infectious diseases. The secretion collected from the second to the eighth milking is referred to as "transition milk" because of it intermediate composition between colostrum and whole milk.


Compensatory Time

Paid time off the job which is earned and accrued by an employee instead of immediate cash payment for overtime. Compensatory time may be used instead of vacation balance.


CONCENTRATE

Feedstuffs usually rich in energy and coming from the part of the plant that accumulate nutrient reserves for an embryo (fruits, nuts, seeds and grains). The word concentrate is also used to refer to the mixture of minerals and other supplements used to feed dairy cattle.


Concurrent Appointments

When a temporary employee works two or more TE appointments at the same time.


Consecutive Appointments

When a temporary employee works two or more TE appointments back-to-back.


Consultant Review

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB staff reviewer to document nature of the consult and any relevant information about the outcome of the consult.


Contact

Contacts are like electronic cards that store a person's information. A contact can be as basic as a name and email address, or include more information like a street address, multiple phone numbers, and a photo.


Contact

A contact in Salesforce is a record about a single individual person and fundamentally it contains information about how to 'contact' a person.  


Contact Group

A contact group -- formerly called "distribution list" -- is a group of contacts that you can send messages, meeting requests and tasks requests.


Contact Group/List

A contact group/list is a personal group which is stored in your Contacts folder and can contain entries from your personal Contacts and from the Global Address List (GAL).


Content Library

A Content Library is a type of notebook in Office 365's Class Notebook app. It is a notebook for teachers to share course materials with students. Teachers can add and edit its materials, but for students, the notebook is read-only.


Continue Button

ARROW forms have a Continue button at the bottom that moves you forward through the application. Clicking Continue saves the current page and moves  the user to the next page. Continue is not the same as the Forward  button on a browser. Do not use the Forward button on a browser when completing forms in ARROW or the data entered will be lost.


Continuous Employment

Employment in a leave-earning position within the University of Wisconsin System or the State of Wisconsin that has not experienced a break in service longer than the reinstatement period for the applicable employment category. Continuous employment will be counted in determining an employee’s length of continuous service.


Continuous Service

All the time in a position with a State of Wisconsin agency as defined in Wis. Admin. Code § ER 18.01(3) or with the UW System in a position with an expectation for continued service, adjusted for any breaks in service. Continuous service at the University of Wisconsin System does not include time served in positions that are ineligible for leave per UW–Madison Campus-wide Operational Policy: Sick Leave.


Copy Reportable Event to Other Study

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to copy a reportable event application to another study.  For example, if a reportable event affects several studies open by the PI, the PI only needs to fill out the RE application one time and then copy it to the other affected studies.


Correspondence Prepared

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB floater to confirm that correspondence they've drafted is ready for review by the IRB staff reviewer.


Count Sheep

Midnight test. Lamb. Some text here.


Course Number

  1. The Course Number is another way of referring to an Instance Number [KB Instance Number], or an unique identifier that refers to a specific offering of a course.


Course Planning Group (CPG)

  • The Course Planning Group (CPG) is a cross functional team within Education Support Services (ESS) which offers support in professional development course instruction and logistical coordination.


Cover weight

heavier-weight (thicker/more-rigid) paper consisting of various grades


Crafts Worker

A UW–Madison employee who is a skilled journeyman Crafts Worker, including apprentices and helpers. The classification does not include employees who are not in direct line of progression in the craft.


Crafts Worker Supervisor

Position that supervises Crafts Workers.


Credit

  1. Credit is a course or product that an individual earns university credits for completing.


Creditable Service

The amount of service an employee is granted under the Wisconsin Retirement System based on the number of hours worked in a year and the employee’s WRS employment category.


Critical Thinking

 The art of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a view to improving it (Foundation for Critical Thinking).


Cronbach alpha

 Cronbach's alpha is a measure used to assess the reliability, or internal consistency, of a set of scale or test items. In other words, the reliability of any given measurement refers to the extent to which it is a consistent measure of a concept, and Cronbach's alpha is one way of measuring the strength of that consistency. See more here: Virginia stat Consulting or here (Wikipedia).


Crop

to cut off parts of a picture or image


Crop marks

printed lines showing where to trim a printed sheet


CROWN

Base of the stem where roots arise


CRUDE PROTEIN

A measure of the amount of protein in a feed determined as the amount of nitrogen multiplied by 6.25. The factor 6.25 is the average grams of protein that contains 1 gram of nitrogen. The word "crude" refers to the fact that not all nitrogen in most feed is exclusively in the form of protein. Because most feeds contain non-protein nitrogen (NPN), crude protein generally overestimates the actual protein content of a feed.


Curriculum ID

  1. Curriculum ID, as seen in CSIS, is using the ET Clone ID number that is assigned to the basic curriculum of the course. It is inclusive of Programs that share the same curriculum. See also: Clone ID [KB Clone ID]


Custom Properties

Additional fields that can be used to describe a document. Custom properties are associated with Doctypes. The number of custom properties is not limited.


Customer's Originals

print ready copy


CVR

Cover


Cyan

C, one of the four process colors used in the CMYK printing process, blue in color


Deny Request to Reactivate

This is an activity in ARROW in which the IRB submission manager can deny a study team's request to reactivate a submission that was previously withdrawn by the IRB (e.g. due to lack of submission of a continuing review for a study that has an expired IRB approval).  Execution of this activity will result in email notification to the study team that the request to reactivate has been denied and the study team will need to start the submission process over.


Device Profile

A profile that links the scanner device to Perceptive Content. Device profiles are set in scanner profiles.


DIGESTIBILITY (Coefficient of)

A measure of the proportion of a feed that is digestible. The digestibility of a nutrient is often measured as the difference between the amount of nutrient ingested minus the amount of nutrient excreted in the feces, expressed as a percentage of the nutrient ingested: 100 x (intake - excreted)/intake.


Distance Degree

  1. A Distance Degree is an Online Masters Degree. For a complete listing of degrees, visit https://epd.wisc.edu/online-degrees/


DOC

document


DocType

A special index key that is associated with custom properties.


Document capture

Document capture is any one of several processes used to convert a physical document to another format, typically a digital representation.


Document Keys

Values set that define and describe a document. There are seven for campus’ implementation of ImageNow: Drawer, Doctype, and five optionable/customizable keys. Discrete documents cannot have the same value for all of the key(s) otherwise they will be considered the same document and effectively merged.


Document Lifecycle

The document lifecycle is the sequence of stages that a document goes through from its creation to its eventual archival or deletion. Proper procedures throughout the document’s lifecycle are an important part of content management.

This is a set of defined processes that help your KB Group obtain, organize, store and deliver information crucial to its operation in the most effective manner possible. The stages of a document’s lifecycle include: creation, publication (site access), categorizing (topics), keywords, metadata tagging, delivery or sharing, repurposing, review and reporting, archiving and / or deletion.


Document Review Mode

Click on the Title of a document in any queue: Active, In Review, In Progress, Inactive and/or Trash to see its content in read-only mode.


DRY COW

A non-lactating cow. The dry period is the time between lactation, when the cow is not secreting milk.


EAR (of corn)

The seed-bearing part of a cereal plant. An ear of corn is composed of the grains, the cob, but not the husk, which are removed during harvesting.


ECMS

Enterprise Content Management Service. Another name for the DoIT service which makes Perceptive Content available to the UW-Madison campus. Former product name was ImageNow, or "Imaging".


Ecosystem Service

Benefits people derive from ecosystem. Ecosystem services are typically grouped in four broad categories: provisioning, such as the production of food and water; regulating, such as the control of climate and disease; supporting, such as nutrient cycles and crop pollination; and cultural, such as spiritual and recreational benefits. (Source: Wikipedia)


Elastic (goods and services)

Elastic goods and services generally have plenty of substitutes. Inelastic goods have fewer substitutes and price change doesn't affect quantity demanded as much. Some inelastic goods include gas, electricity, water, drinks, clothing, tobacco, food, and oil.


EPD Academic Staff Committee

  1. EPD Academic Staff Committee This committee assists department academic staff with information about academic staff governance and promotions. They are also connected with the college-wide CASI: Committee on Academic Staff Issues which advises the College of Engineering dean on academic staff policy and procedure formulation, review and development, in compliance with campus policies and procedures.


EPD Community

  • The EPD Community is a central space within Socialcast where conversations can occur related to EPD events or outings, announcements on achievements or fun facts/stories, and anything else the department would like the EPD Community to become. 


Exchange ActiveSync Protocol

Exchange ActiveSync (also known as EAS) is a communications protocol designed for the synchronization of email, contacts, calendar, tasks, and notes from a messaging server to a smartphone or other mobile devices. The protocol also provides mobile device management and policy controls.


Exchange Protocol

A service -- similar to IMAP, POP3, and ActiveSync -- that works to transfer and synchronize email/calendar information between the server and the end user's client.


EXCRETION

The removal of a material from an organism. Example of material excreted include tears, urine, feces, sweat and carbon dioxide. Examples of an organism's organs involved in excretion include eyes, bladder, rectum, skins and lungs.


Faculty

The UW-Madison faculty consists of all persons with instructional, research and service responsibilities who hold the rank of professor, associate professor, assistant professor, or instructor with at least a one-half time appointment with UW-Madison, or a full-time appointment held jointly between UW-Madison and UW-Extension.


SOURCE: Faculty Policy and Procedures 1.02.A


Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)

A federal law that establishes labor standards for public and private sector employees. It is enforced by the Wage and Hour Division of the U.S. Department of Labor.


FATTY ACID

A chain of carbon terminated by an acid (carboxyl) group (COOH). Fatty acids with less than 4 carbon units are volatile. Fatty acids with 5 to 20 carbon units are usually found as part of fats and oils.


FCOI (Financial Conflict of Interest)

A Financial Conflict of Interest (FCOI) is a significant financial interest in an entity that could directly and significantly affect the design, conduct, or reporting of federally-funded or human subjects research.


FCS

FCS is a term for fold / collate / staple — the act of saddle stitching a booklet.


FIBROUS CARBOHYDRATE

Hemicellulose and cellulose that can be quantify by the neutral detergent fiber procedure.


Flush cut

cut to the edge


Foamcore

strong, styrofoam-like board that printed material is mounted to


Food Insecurity

The USDA Economic Research Service (ERS) defines food insecurity as a household characteristic. Food insecure households are those for which “consistent access to adequate food is limited by a lack of money and other resources at times during the year” (See more at: USDA-ERS).


Food Insecurity

The state of being without reliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious food. During the first decade of this century, more than 800 million people live every day with hunger or food insecurity as their constant companion (see also National Academy of Science definitions).


Food Security

Food security exists “when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life.” According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the three pillars of food security are: availability, access and (safe) utilization. In addition you can learn about the four dimensions of food insecurity at the FAO website.


FORAGE TO CONCENTRATE RATIO

Usually expressed as two percentages. The percentage of ration dry matter that is made up of forage and the percentage of ration dry matter that is composed of concentrates. The two total 100. For example a 50:50 forage to concentrate ratio means that a cow eating 20 kg of dry matter of that ration would eat 10 kg of concentrate dry matter and 10 kg of forage dry matter.


Forward to Archive

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB to move a study to the archived state. 


FRUCTANS

Is a polymer of fructose molecules generally, but not always, found as "carbohydrate storage in cool season grasses (C3 plants). Tall fescue and perennial ryegrass tend to have the highest levels of fructans when compared to other grasses under the same conditions. Fructan is stored in vacuoles inside cells throughout the plant where it is readily available as needed. In some species of grass the lower part of the stem is a carbohydrate storage organ.


FRUCTOSE (C6H12O6)

A sweet sugar occurring in many fruits and honey.


FTE (Full Time Equivalent) and Headcount

There are two basic ways that we count the number of employees. When we use headcount, each individual person counts as one employee whether their appointment is full time or part time. When we use "FTE," we are using the "Full Time Equivalent."

The Full Time Equivalent is the total of all positions using the percentage of the appointment rather than the number of individual employees. This is what the headcount looks like for the same employees using each measure:

Employee A - .5 appointment
Employee B - 1.0 appointment
Employee C - .6 appointment
Employee D - .4 appointment

Using Headcount, there are 4 employees
Using FTE, there are 2.5 employees (.5 + 1 + .6 + .4 = 2.5)



GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT

The stomach and the intestine as a functional unit.


GLUCOSE: (C6H12O6)

A six carbon sugar which is the building block of starch and cellulose. Glucose is rapidly fermented into volatile fatty acids by ruminal bacteria.


GLYCEROL

A three carbon sugar which form the backbone of triglycerides and other fats.


Greenhouse Gas Effect

Heat trapping effect of greenhouse gases in the troposphere (lowest portion of the earth's atmosphere)


Hedonic

Relating to or considered in terms of pleasant (or unpleasant) sensations.


HEMICELLULOSE

A type of carbohydrate similar to cellulose except that it contain not only glucose but also other 6 carbon sugars and also 5 carbon sugars.


Heuristic

Enabling a person to discover or learn something for themselves. Techniques, activities or lessons that allow someone to discover something for himself or by finding solutions through experiments or loosely defined rules.


Hickey

reoccurring unplanned spots that appear in the printed image from dust, lint, dried ink


Hold for Scheduling: Ancillary Committee Review Pending

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state cannot be scheduled for an IRB meeting until the Ancillary Committee Review decision has been entered into the system.


Hold IRB Review - Continuing Review Required

This is a state in ARROW.  In this state, change applications are being held until a continuing review application has been submitted by the study team and reviewed by the IRB.


Human Resources

  1. Human Resources handles payroll, benefits, payroll funding information, recruiting, reclassifications and promotions, retirements, emeritus appointments, HR concerns.


Human Subjects Research

For information on human subjects research, please see the Institutional Review Board's website.


HYDROCHLORIC ACID (HCl)

Strong acid secreted by the abomasum that breaks down chemical bounds and thus contributes to the digestion of feeds.


ICI

Income Continuation Insurance.  For more information, see https://hr.wisc.edu/benefits/income-continuation-insurance/


Indicia

postal information place on a printed product


Industrial Refrigeration Center (IRC)

  • The Industrial Refrigeration Consortium (IRC) is a collaborative effort between the University of Wisconsin-Madison and industry. They work to improve the safety, efficiency, and productivity of industrial refrigeration systems and technologies, realizing this goal by conducting applied research, delivering knowledge transfer, and providing technical assistance. Although efforts are focused on industrial refrigeration systems that utilize anhydrous ammonia, they also work with systems that use other refrigerants.

    The IRC offers a unique combination of complementary resources that include academic qualifications, technical expertise, and practical experience. They provide objective information that is not biased by an affiliation with any particular organization.


INFLORESCENCE

The arrangement of flowers on a stalk that characterizes a plant species.


Instance Number

  1. Instance Number, which can be viewed in ET, is a unique ET Number assigned to a unique offering of a course being held over specific dates in a specific location. See also: Program Number [KB Program Number]


Internal Recruitment

Standard recruitment process that requires that applicants be currently employed at UW–Madison.


InterPro Customer Service

  1. InterPro Customer Service is responsible for handling emails from customers.


IRB Close Study

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB staff reviewer to close a study in the approved state once the study team has submitted a study completion report.


IRB Member Modification Review

This is a state in ARROW in which an IRB member can conduct a review of a modification response by the study team upon the request of an IRB staff reviewer.  In this state, the IRB member can submit modification review notes regarding their assessment of the modification response.  Then the IRB staff reviewer forwards the submission back to IRB Review of Modification Response.


IRB Review of Modification Response

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state were previously reviewed by the IRB and modifications were requested.  The response from the study team requires review by the IRB to determine whether the study team has adequately addressed the IRB's requests.  In this state, the IRB staff reviewer can send the modification response to an IRB member or schedule it for review at a full meeting.


iScript

A derivative of Visual Basic and Java; proprietary scripting language of Perceptive Software that automates business logic. Used in workflow queues.


KILO CALORIE (KCAL)

One thousand calories.


L&S Majors, Certificates, and Degrees

The official lists of majors, certificates, and degrees offered in Letters & Science are available on-line:

  • The Guide provides a comprehensive list of undergraduate majors, special degree programs, certificates, and concentrations organized by the respective school or college that offers the academic program.
  • The Guide also provides a comprehensive list of graduate degrees, minors, and certificates. The information is organized alphabetically for all university programs.


LACTOSE

A disaccharide composed of a unit of glucose and a unit of galactose. Also known as milk sugar, lactose is produced commercially from whey.


LDT and Marketing Production Team

  1. The LDT and Marketing Production Team Education Support Services team that is responsible for the creation, processing, and delivery of instructional and promotional assets for InterPro efforts.


Learning Design and Technologies (LDT)

  1. The Learning Design and Technologies (LDT) team provides effective support, consultation, strategic planning, and leadership in all current and emerging areas of teaching, learning, and technologies. Their work supports faculty, staff and students, and includes all phases of instructional design, development, and evaluation.

    They are dedicated to providing high quality learning experiences; empowering stakeholders with effective best practices, technologies, support and consultation; building constructive partnerships with UW-Madison campus units; and sustaining a strong record of scholarly activity through research and conferences in order to stay informed of emerging areas that drive educational innovation.


Life Cycle Assessment

LCA addresses the environmental aspects and potential environmental impacts (e.g. use of resources and the environmental consequences of releases) throughout a product's life cycle from raw material acquisition through production, use, end-of-life treatment, recycling and final disposal (i.e. cradle-to-grave). There are four phases in an LCA study: a) the goal and scope definition phase, b) the inventory analysis phase, c) the impact assessment phase, and d) the interpretation phase (ISO 2006).


Linked Accounts

A linked account is an account that your NetID has been provided access to. For example, after entering your NetID login credentials at the NetID login screen, you will have the option of logging into your primary mailbox or any other mailboxes (accounts) that have been linked to your NetID, such as a departmental account. A NetID can be "linked" to any number of other accounts, simplifying the login process for users and providing much needed affiliation between accounts. Linked access to an account also provides other privileges such as consolidating in preparation for the migration to Office 365.

Instructions for linking an Office 365 service account to your NetID are available here.


LIPOTROPIC

Any compound that helps to prevent the accumulation of abnormal or excessive amounts of fat in the liver, control blood sugar levels, and enhance fat and carbohydrate metabolism.


Living Documentation

Living documentation is a dynamic system documentation that provides information that is current, accurate and easy to understand. Documents that are written in a natural language format serve as the core of living documentation. Your content experts can review the documentation to ensure that it describes the desired behavior of the system from a logical standpoint.


Lync

Microsoft Lync (formerly Microsoft Office Communicator) and Microsoft Lync for Mac are instant messaging clients used with Microsoft Lync Server or Lync Online available with Microsoft Office 365. Lync is currently not available within UW-Madison's implementation of Office 365.


MAINTENANCE (diet)

A diet that supplies the nutrients required to maintain vital functions (heart beat, respiration) and assure a constant body temperature.


MAINTENANCE (state)

A physiological state in which the animal is neither gaining nor losing weight, performing work or expending nutrients for any type of production.


Management Console

A major component of Perceptive Content that allows users with appropriate permissions to manage many aspects of Perceptive Content including drawers, doctypes, application plans, etc.


MASTICATION

To grind or crush (food) with or as if with the teeth to prepare it for swallowing and digestion (Syn: Chew).


MCAL

Abbreviation for Megacalorie.


MEAN (Statistics)

The mean of a normal distribution is the most likely value (the value that has the lowest probability of being "wrong"). The mean is the best measure of central tendency of a normal distribution. With a normal distribution, approximately one-half of the samples have values lower than the mean and one-half have values higher than the mean.


MEGACALORIE

One million calories.


MFA-Duo (multi-factor authentication)

Multi-factor authentication is part of the new UW–Madison login process that verifies your identity. It combines something you know (your NetID and password) with something you have (smartphone, token/fob or tablet) preventing anyone but you from logging into a system. UW-Madison has partnered with Duo to provide this service.

You will now need to log in by:

  1. Entering your NetID and password, and

  2. Confirming your login with the Duo app on your device.


MICROBE

Animal or vegetal organism of microscopic dimension (syn Microorganism).


MICROORGANISM

(see Microbe).


Microsoft 365 (Email and Calendaring System)

Office 365 is a cloud-based service provided by Microsoft. To see what features are available in UW-Madison's implementation, check here: Microsoft 365 - What features are included in Microsoft 365?


Microsoft 365 Account

The location in the Office 365 system where your email, calendar, task list, and address book are stored. Each Office 365 account has one primary address, but can have many alternate addresses.


Microsoft 365 Transition Website

Located at 365transition.wisc.edu, the Office 365 Transition Website is the first stop for those who are interested to know more about the transition. It provides general info on everything from the project history and the business case to the Office 365 Team roster and announcements to campus.


Microsoft 365 Video

Office 365 Video is an intranet website portal where people can post and view videos. It's a streaming video service that's available with SharePoint Online in Office 365. It's a great place to share videos of executive communications or recordings of classes, meetings, presentations, or training sessions, for example. Office 365 Video displays a thumbnail image of each video on the site. You just select a thumbnail to view a particular video.


Modfications Requested

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have gone to an IRB meeting and IRB modifications have been sent to the study team.  Study teams must submit a response to the modifications before the study can move on from this state.


MONOGASTRIC

Having one digestive cavity (i.e., one stomach).


MULTIPAROUS (cow)

A cow that has given birth more than once.


NCR

multiple-part paper form that does not use carbon paper


NET ENERGY OF LACTATION (NEl)

The amount of energy in a feed which is available for milk production and body maintenance. Feeds generally are similar in total energy content but vary widely in the proportion of the total energy which is available for maintenance and milk production. The remainder of the energy in the feed is lost in the feces urine, gas belched form the rumen and excess heat production by the cow. In the cow, it takes 0.74 Mcal NEl to produce 1 kg of milk containing 4% fat and the net energy content of most feed range from 0.9 to 2.2 Mcal NEl per kg dry matter.


New Continuing Review (CR)

This is an activity available to study teams for all studies in the Approved state.  This allows study teams to initiate a new continuing review application.


New Full Change

This is an activity available to study teams for all studies in the Approved state.  This allows study teams to initiate a new change of protocol.


NON-FIBER CARBOHYDRATE

Carbohydrates that are not part of the neutral detergent fiber, but generally accumulate in the plant as energy reserve (e.g., starch). These carbohydrates usually are more rapidly and more completely digested than the fibrous carbohydrates (syn Non-structural carbohydrate).


Non-Service Related Appointment

Income with no work requirement; related to a non-service appointment (e.g. Fellow, Scholar, Trainee). Payment of the funds is not dependent on work or service to the university performed by the recipient.


NON-STRUCTURAL CARBOHYDRATE

(see non-fiber carbohydrate).


Notebook Production Group (NPG)

  1. The Notebook Production Group (NPG) collaborates with instructors and EPD faculty and staff to create high-quality digital and printed course material for EPD's professional development courses. The team uses a combination of tools, expertise, and a streamlined, efficient, and organized process are to ensure that all materials meet the needs of both internal and external customers.


Occasional (Sporadic)

Work that is infrequent, irregular or occurring in scattered instances, even when it recurs seasonally. However, work that recurs every other week is not occasional or sporadic.


Office Online

Office Online (previously Office Web Apps) is an online office suite offered by Microsoft as a part of Office 365, which allows users to create and edit files using lightweight, web browser-based versions of Microsoft Office applications: Word, Excel, PowerPoint and OneNote. The offering also includes Outlook, People, Calendar and OneDrive for Business, all of which are accessible from a unified app switcher (Outlook on the web).


OneNote Class Notebook

The OneNote Class Notebook is an Office 365 app that helps instructors set up OneNote in their class. This app will create a class notebook, which includes three types of sub-notebooks: Student Notebooks, Content Library, and Collaboration Space.


Online Coordinator

  1. The Online Coordinator helps manage the processes and resource allocation related to the design, development, and delivery of EPD's professional development online courses. The Online Coordinator collaborates with Program Directors, instructors, the Learning Design & Technologies team, and Program Support to execute all phases of a course's lifecycle.


Opacity

the amount of show-through on a printed sheet. The lesser the amount of show-through the thicker the paper, the more show-through the thinner the paper


ORGANIC MATTER

Compounds composed of carbon oxygen hydrogen and nitrogen. All living organisms are composed primarily of organic matter. Fats, carbohydrates and proteins are examples of organic compounds.


Outlook 2016 for Mac

Microsoft Outlook 2016 for Mac is an email and calendar client that's available as part of Microsoft's Office suite. It is the latest version of Outlook for the Mac OS and can be used to manage email, calendar, contacts, and more.


Outside Activity

An outside activity represents a relationship with an entity outside of the UW-Madison which, for the purposes of Conflict of Interest, may overlap with an individual's institutional responsibilities.  An outside activity may involve compensation, leadership, ownership or equity interest in an external entity.


Page count

total number of pages in a book including blanks


PANCREAS

An irregularly shaped gland that secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum and produces insulin that is released into the blood.


Pantone Matching System

(PMS) Industry standard for ink mixing


PAPILLAE (reticulo-rumen)

1. Small projections on the inner surface of the rumen and the reticulum wall that increase the surface area of absorption of volatile fatty acids and other end-products of bacterial fermentation.


Payment for Environmental Services (PES)

Payments to farmers or landowners who have agreed to take certain actions to manage their land or watersheds to provide an ecological service. As the payments provide incentives to land owners and managers, PES is a market-based mechanism, similar to subsidies and taxes, to encourage the conservation of natural resources.


PCI

  1. PCI is the acronym for Payment Card Industry – and is the data security standard to increase controls around card holder data. It is set in place by the Security standard council (PCI SSC) and is managed on campus via office of cyber security https://it.wisc.edu/about/division-of-information-technology/strategic-operations-departments-people/cybersecurity/


Perceptive Content

Perceptive Content, formerly ImageNow, is a Hyland system provided to campus that allows users to enter and store documents. Documents are commonly entered via scanner, but can be “printed” into the system or bulk-imported as well.


Perceptive Content

The desktop application used to access the Imaging Service at UW-Madison .


Perceptive Experience

Perceptive Experience is an HTML5 web client that can access and view documents in the Imaging System on all operating systems. Unlike WebNow Perceptive Experience does not "look" like the Perceptive Content desktop client. Thus there is "get acquainted" period in learning its use. We have several KnowledgeBase documents about Perceptive Experience:


Perfect bind

type of binding that uses glue on the spine of the sheets to adhere a cover to the sheets, like a phone book


Perfecting

see page 14, job F141491 for example


PHENOLIC (compound)

Organic substance in which the carbon atoms are linked together in a ring structure (also called aromatic structure). Lignin is an example of phenolic compound.


Pica

unit of measurement. One pica = 1/6 inch


PLACENTA

An organ that develops during pregnancy in female mammals. It lines the uterus and partially envelopes the fetus, to which it is attached by the umbilical cord. Following birth, the placenta, then called the after birth, is normally expelled. The retention of the placenta usually leads to bacterial infection of the uterus called metritis.


Point of Contact (POC)

The point of contact on a study has the capacity to edit the application and can also submit to the IRB on behalf of the PI.  There may four point of contacts assigned to a study and only the PI and the POCs can submit directly to the IRB.


POLYGASTRIC

Having more than one digestive cavity; Having a stomach divided into different chambers (e.g., ruminants).


POPULATION (statistics)

The set of individuals, items, or data from which a statistical sample is taken. In statistical terms, a population is defined as a larger set from which samples are obtained.


PRECISION

1. The degree with which a measurement is reproducible, that is, yielding similar results when repeated (see also Accuracy).
2. the number of significant digits to which a value has been reliably measured.


PRIMIPAROUS (cow)

1. A young cow that is pregnant for the first time. 2. A cow that has given birth once.


process color

the process of combining four basic colors to create a printed color picture or colors composed from the basic four colors


Punch

typically 44 hole (on 11" sheet of paper) on the binding-edge of a sheet of paper, created by punching the paper using a die that punches out the holes


RADICLE

The part of a plant embryo that develops into the primary root.


RDS - Remote Desktop Service

The Remote Desktop Service (RDS) is a Windows Terminal Server that provides supplemental and/or remote access to applications that are only available on campus, typically on a Windows platform.

See:  

Note: This service replaces The Windows Access Facility (WAF) which retired July, 2020.


Recruitment, Assessment, and Selection Plan

A document created by division HR in collaboration with division leadership, and approved by OHR which provides overall guidelines for recruitment, assessment and selection. It outlines the division’s expectations of specific steps, processes and requirements for recruitment, assessment and selection and identifies plans and procedures to increase diversity.


Recurring Appointments

When a temporary employee continues in the same position each year.


Research (Applied)

Study directed toward gaining (scientific) knowledge to meet a recognized need


Research (Basic)

Study directed toward gaining (scientific) knowledge primarily for its own sake


Resilience

The capacity of a system to buffer shock and stresses. The ability to recover from setbacks, adapt well to change, and keep going in the face of adversity.


Resource Account

In Office 365, a resource account is a non-person account that can be classified as either "room" or "equipment". Examples can include meeting/conference rooms, audio-visual equipment, or vacation calendars. Individuals must be granted permissions to interact with a resource account. More details.


RETICULO-RUMEN

The first two stomachs of a ruminant comprised of the reticulum and the rumen. A microbial population lives in the rumen and enable the cow to digest dietary fiber. The digesta in the rumen and the reticulum is being exchanged once about every 50 to 60 seconds under the influence of a rhythmic cycle of contraction which also results in passage of some digesta from the reticulum into the omasum through the reticulo-omasal orifice.


RETICULUM

The second stomach of a ruminant in which folds of the mucous membrane form hexagonal cells. Also called honeycomb stomach. The reticulum is joined to the omasum by the reticulo-omasal orifice.


RICKETS

A deficiency disease resulting from a lack of vitamin D or lack of sunshine exposure, characterized by defective bone growth.


Salesforce Lookup field


A lookup field in Salesforce is used to find other records in Salesforce to build relationships between records.  For example, in a contact record one uses a lookup field to find and relate another record such as an organization or community to the contact.

Lookup fields are not searchable in the global search on the home page, but can be searched with the Enhance Lookup feature.  See a video about this in knowledge base article Wildcard search and search limitations (video)


Scanner Profile

A reuseable collection of settings that defines scanner parameters. A scanner profile sets things like DPI (dots per inch) and Simplex (single-side) /Duplex (double-sided) on scans. Scanner profiles are located and set in capture profiles.


Scientific Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state must undergo review by the Institute for Clinical and Translational Research Scientific Review Committee (ICTR SRC), the UW Cancer Center Protocol Review and Monitoring Committee (PRMC) or the Clinical and Translational Research Core  Protocol Implementation Review (CTRC PIR) before moving on to the IRB Pre-Review state.


Score

an intentional crease made in paper to help eliminate cracking when folded


SCOUR

see diarrhea.


SECRETION

The movement of a material from one place to another. Secretion is often required to move a material to the place where it can be excreted. Examples of materials secreted include all materials excreted (see Excretion above), plus enzymes, hormones and saliva. The organs that play a role in secretion include all those involved in excretion, plus the digestive glands like salivary glands, pancreas, liver and gallbladder and endocrine glands like the thyroid gland, pituitary gland, and ovaries and testes.


Self cover

a cover of the same paper as inside text pages


Service Account

Microsoft 365 service accounts are intended to be used for shared/changing roles (e.g., info, secretary, webmaster, newsletter, feedback, etc.) or service/programmatic access (e.g., printers, copiers, mailers). Service accounts can be accessed via all Outlook clients. Learn more about the types of accounts available within UW-Madison's implementation of Microsoft 365.


Service Related Appointments

Employment payment, compensation for work performed in service to the university. Income is contingent upon an activity or employee position (e.g. Project Assistant, Research Associate, Teaching Assistant, etc.).


Short Course

  • A Short Course is one of the main products EPD offers. These are 1-5 day courses that are held either on-campus or in a popular location. Participants earn continuing education credits or professional development hours by attending that may be used toward professional licensure, i.e.: Licensed engineers in WI must earn 30 credits/hours every biennium. See also non-credit.


Significant Financial Interest (SFI)

A Significant Financial Interest means any financial interests held by an investigator (and/or his or her immediate family), or by a business entity controlled or directed by the investigator or a member of his or her immediate family, that has monetary value, whether or not the value is readily ascertainable, including:

  • Remuneration (e.g. salary, consulting fees, honoraria, paid authorship, etc.) received from a publicly traded entity in the twelve months preceding disclosure, and the value of any equity interest (stock, stock option, or other ownership interest) in the entity at the date of disclosure that, when aggregated, exceed $5,000
  • Remuneration, (e.g. salary, consulting fees, honoraria, paid authorship, etc.) received from a non-publicly traded entity of greater than $5,000 in the twelve months preceding the disclosure
  • Any equity interest (e,g. stock, stock option, or other ownership interest) in a non-publicly traded entity
  • Royalty income from intellectual property rights not arising out of university employment, which are not assigned to organizations created to manage such rights on behalf of the University of Wisconsin-Madison (WARF)
  • Reimbursed or sponsored travel related to institutional responsibilities that is not reimbursed or sponsored by a government agency, a U.S. university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a U.S. university
  • Service in positions with fiduciary responsibility , including senior managers (e.g. presidents, vice presidents, etc.) and members of boards of directors, whether or not the investigator receives compensation for such service.

Significant financial interests do not include the following:

  • Salary, royalties, or other remuneration received from UW-Madison, the University of Wisconsin Medical Foundation, or the VA
  • Royalty income from intellectual property rights arising out of UW-Madison employment that are assigned to organizations created to manage such rights on behalf of the University of Wisconsin-Madison (WARF)
  • Income from investment vehicles, such as mutual funds and retirement accounts, as long as the investigator does not control the investment decisions made in these vehicles
  • Income from seminars, lectures, or teaching engagements sponsored by a domestic government agency, a university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a university
  • Income from service on advisory committees or review panels for a domestic government agency, a university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a university
  • Travel related to institutional responsibilities that is reimbursed or sponsored by a domestic government agency, a university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a university.


SOMATIC CELLS

(a) Any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells. (b) Milk somatic cells are primarily leukocytes (white blood cells) and some epithelial cells shed from the lining of the mammary gland. The leukocytes are derived from blood and consist of macrophages, lymphocytes, and polymorphonuclear cells, primarily neutrophils (PMN). Normal milk does contain somatic cells, and the concentration of these cells is almost always less than 100,000 cells/ml in milk from uninfected/uninflamed mammary quarters.


SPECIFICITY

The probability that a test is negative, given that the animal does not have the disease (see also sensitivity).


SPHINCTER

A ring-like muscle that maintains constriction of a bodily passage or orifice and opens upon relaxation.


Stack by page or subset

to keep each piece separate or independent


STANDARD DEVIATION (statistics)

Standard deviation (SD) is a measure of the dispersion of a set of data from its mean. If the data points are further from the mean, there is higher deviation within the data set. The SD shares the same unit as the mean. The SD is calculated as the square root of variance by determining the variation between each data point relative to the mean. The symbol for standard deviation is σ (the Greek letter sigma). Approximately, in a normal distribution,
38% of all observations are within ± 0.5 SD units of the mean;
68% of all observations are within ± 1 SD units of the mean;
95% of all observations are within ± 2 SD units of the mean;
99% of all observations are within ± 3 SDunits of the mean.


Standard Recruitment

Merit-based process used to fill most vacancies. This process allows UW–Madison the flexibility to target specific skill sets as well as a diverse pool of qualified candidates. The process is open to all qualified candidates and does not require that applicants be employed at UW–Madison.


STARCH

Carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots, an stem pith of plants notably in corn, potatoes, wheat and rice. Warm season grasses (C4 plants) store starch in chloroplasts in leaf tissue. C4 grasses such as Bermuda Paspalum or Rhodes grasses grown under heat stress may contain considerable starch in leafy tissue. Nutritionally, it is referred to as non-structural carbohydrate as opposed to the carbohydrate found in the neutral detergent fiber of the plant.


State of Wisconsin Adjusted Continuous Service

All time employed by the State of Wisconsin in either the Unclassified, Classified or University staff service in a permanent capacity, adjusted for breaks in service, shall be counted in determining an employee’s length of continuous service. This excludes time served as a Limited Term or Project Employee.


STILLBORN CALF

A calf born dead or that dies within 48 hours of birth.


stitch

Stitch is a staple added to a printed packet or book, commonly in the upper left corner or along the left side of a booklet.


Stock

the material to be printed on


STRUCTURAL CARBOHYDRATE

(see Fibrous carbohydrate).


Student Services

  1. Student Services helps coordinate activities related to admissions, academic services and student support. The unit manages day to day interactions with customers and acts as a primary point of contact throughout customer lifecycle.


Study Completed

Once a study team has submitted a study completion report, the study moves from the "Approved" state to the "Study Completed" state. The study remains in this state for a period of 18 months, during which time the study team can reopen the study.  After 18 months, the study is permanently archived. 


Sub-recipient

UW-Madison Conflict of Interest Policy defines sub-recipient to mean an entity or individual named on a subcontract from UW-Madison on a federally-funded award or human subjects research protocol.


SUBCLINICAL

Without clinical manifestations; said of the early stages or a very mild form of a disease, e.g. subclinical disease, infection, parasitism, or when a disease is detectable by biological tests but not by a clinical examination.


Submit Changes

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to submit changes requested by the scientific review committee.


Submit Modification Response

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to submit their modification response to the IRB.  Once the PI or POC submits their modification response, the submission transitions to the IRB Review of Modification Response state.


Submit Modification Review Notes

Review state to the IRB Review of Modification Response state once the assigned IRB member(s) has completed their review. 


Submit Request to Reactivate

This is an activity in ARROW that allows a PI or POC to submit a request to reactivate a submission that is in the IRB withdrawn state.  


Submit Study Completion Report

This is an activity in ARROW that allows a PI or POC to submit their study completion report.  This activity is available in the following states for an initial review: Approved, Exemption Granted, Expired.  The study then transitions to the Study Completed state.


Sustainable Intensification

Narrowly defined, SI refers to increase food production from existing farmland in ways that place far less pressure on the environment and that do not undermine our capacity to continue producing food in the future. However, Garnett et al. (2013) added the following four premises underlying SI: (a) The need to increase production; (b) Increase production must be met through higher yields because increasing the area of land in agriculture carries major environmental costs; (c) Food security requires as much attention to increasing environmental sustainability as to raising productivity; and (d) SI denotes a goal but does not specify a priori how it should be attained or which agricultural techniques to deploy.


Synchronous

  1. Synchronous learning refers to a learning environment in which everyone takes part at the same time. Lecture is an example of synchronous learning in a face-to-face environment, where learners and teachers are all in the same place at the same time.


Technical Support

  1. The Technical Support Team is responsible for departmental desktop, laptop, and mobile device support. You can also contact them for help with local department systems, Box, Teams, USI, and Microsoft Office.


Teleconference

  1. A Teleconference is a conference with participants in different locations linked by telecommunications devices.


TIMED ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION

Method of AI breeding in which the timing of artificial insemination (AI) is based on a hormonal protocol that synchronizes the timing of ovulation. This is in contrast to timing insemination based on direct or indirect detection of estrous behavior. Hormonal protocols for Timed AI were developed in 1995 and have been widely adopted by dairy producers for reproductive management.


Transportation Information Center (TIC)

  1. The Transportation Information Center (TIC) provides state and local municipalities with the resources and training required to manage their road systems. Training — from government and industry experts, engineering consultants, contractors, and highway and enforcement agency representatives — includes one-day workshops in several different locations around the state. Resources include videos, and online and printed manuals, bulletins, and Crossroads articles.

    The TIC is part of the
    National Local Technical Assistance Program Association (NLTAPA), as Wisconsin's LTAP center.


TRIGLYCERIDE

A fat composed of three fatty acids and glycerol.


UNCS*

Special student classification: Capstone certificate students 
Capstone Certificates are typically a one-year collection of courses, a record of coherent academic accomplishment in a given discipline or set of related disciplines. Learn More.


Unit of Mass in Metric System

1,000,000,000,000,000  1x1015 petagram (Pg) quadrillion  
1,000,000,000,000  (Million Metric Tons or Megatonnes)1x1012 teragram (Tg) trillion
 1,000,000,000  (Thousand Metric Tons) 1x109 gigagram (Gg) billion
 1,000,000  (Metric Ton) 1x106 megagram (Mg) million
 1,000   1x103 kilogram (Kg) thousand  
 100   1x102 hectogram (Hg) hundred  
 10   1x101 decagram (Dg) ten  
 1    gram    
   0.1 10-1 decigram (dg) tenth   
   0.01 10-2 centigram (cg) hundredth  
   0.001 10-3 milligram (mg) thousandth  
   0.000,001 10-6 microgram (µg) millionth  
   0.000,000,001 10-9 nanogram (ng) billionth  
   0.000,000,000,001 10-12 picogram (pg) trillionth  
   0.000,000,000,000,001 10-15 femtogram (fp) quadrillionth  


UREA [CO(NH2)2]

A nitrogen-containing organic compound found in urine and other body fluids. Urea is synthesized from ammonia and carbon dioxide. Urea can be used as fertilizer or as a source of nitrogen in the ration of ruminants.


UV Coating

protective liquid coating applied to printed sheets (similar to varnish), bonded and cured with ultra-violet (UV) light


UW–Madison Adjusted Continuous Service

All time employed by UW–Madison in either the Unclassified, Classified or University Staff service in a permanent capacity, adjusted for breaks in service, shall be counted in determining an employee’s length of continuous service. This excludes time served as a temporary or project employee.


View Differences

This is an activity in ARROW that allows IRB staff, IRB members, and study teams to view differences between versions of the submitted smartform application.  For example, if a study team made changes to the initial review application as a result of IRB Pre-Review and submitted those change to the IRB, a new version of the application is tracked.  The study team and the IRB staff can easily view the differences between the old and new version of the application by using this activity button.


VOLATILE FATTY ACIDS (VFA)

Products of fermentation of carbohydrates (and some amino acids) by the rumen microorganisms. Acetic acid, propionic acid and butyric acid are the primary volatile fatty acids which are absorbed through the rumen wall and used as an energy source by the cow.


Web Conference

  1. A Web Conference is a form of real-time communication in which multiple computer users, all connected via the Internet, see the same screen at the same time in their Web browsers. Some Web conferencing systems include features such as text chat, VoIP (voice over IP), whiteboard, and full-motion video. Can also be referred to as a Webinar.


Wisc Account Administration Site

A web site that allows administrators and end users to manage accounts (NetID and departmental) that access Office 365, WiscMail, CloudFax, Box, Qualtrics, LastPass, and Google Apps.


WiscIT

WiscIT is the IT Service Management software that DoIT uses to manage IT Services, using Cherwell Software as its platform. Also commonly referred to as WiscIT powered by Cherwell.


Withdraw Change

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to withdraw a submitted change from the review process.  This activity moves the submission to the Withdrawn state at which time the PI or POC can send the submission back to Pre-Submission or archive it.


Withdraw Continuing Review

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to withdraw a submitted continuing review from the review process.  This activity moves the submission to the Withdrawn state at which time the PI or POC can send the submission back to Pre-Submission or archive it.