Account Consolidation

The process of combining multiple accounts into a single account during the transition to Office 365.


Accounting and Financial Team

  1. The Accounting Team offers support with non-credit custom course contracts, credit courses accounting administration, research and effort administration, hotel contracts, academic support service agreements, accounts receivable, travel expense reports, credit card payment authorizations, and supplies orders.


Achievement Test

 Test designed to evaluate mastery of a given body of material. Grades are generally based on achievement tests. The SAT (Stanford Achievement Tests) is an example of an achievement test. See also Aptitude Test


Acidosis (rumen)

Condition characterized by a low rumen pH (below 6). The normal rumen function are impeded usually because too much concentrates were fed.


Acknowledge Reportable Event

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB staff reviewer to acknowledge receipt of a reportable event that does not require further IRB review. Upon acknowledgement, the study will return to the approved state.


Adaptation

Adjustment or preparation of natural or human systems to a new or changing environment which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities (Source: EPA Glossary).


Administrative Contact

An organization's administrative point of contact, responsible for assigning staff time to the Office 365 transition. Communicates with the Office 365 Team and their organization's leadership.


Administrative Limited Appointment

A leadership role such as dean or associate dean that falls into the employee category of Limited. A Limited appointee serves at the discretion of the appointing authority.


AEN Number

  1. AEN Number is another name for the Clone ID [KB Clone ID] or curriculum ID [KB Curriculum ID].


Against the grain

at right angles to direction of paper grain. Opposite of paper grain direction


Allometric (equation)

Allometric equations take the general form Y = aMb, where Y is some biological variable, M is a measure of body size, and b is some scaling exponent. See West et al. (2012) for more details.


Alternate Address

In Microsoft 365, an alternate address is any email address associated with a NetID@wisc.edu or service account (something@domain.wisc.edu). Any NetID or Service account may have any number of email addresses associated with it. These email addresses includes, but is not limited to, previous alias/alternates accounts and/or user/role/service accounts that have been consolidated with the NetID. A message destined to any of the alternate addresses will be delivered to the main address on the account (NetID@wisc.edu or something_domain@wisc.edu).


AMINO ACID

One of the 20 building block units of protein. Amino acids contain both an amino group (NH2) and an acid or carboxyl group (COOH).


AMMONIA (NH3)

A pungent gas. Ammonia is extensively used to manufacture fertilizers and nitrogen containing compounds. Also, ammonia is the end-product of protein degradation by ruminal bacteria.


ANABOLISM:

The part of the metabolism in which metabolites are used in the growth and repair of body tissues.


Ancillary Committee (ANC)

Ancillary Committees (ANC) are committees that have oversight for specific areas of a submission, such as investigational drugs, conflict of interest, or Veterans Affairs (VA) issues. These committees do not issue approval for the study a whole; only for their areas of oversight.

The IRB will forward submissions to the appropriate ancillary committee if review is needed and has not yet been provided. Ancillary committees may request  documentation from the study team that is additional to the IRB application completed in ARROW.


ANEMIA

A disease due to a deficiency in red blood cells or in hemoglobin that carries oxygen in the blood.


Annotations

In Perceptive Content imaging software, annotations are used to mark up and add comments to a document without affecting the original image. Annotations enable you to select, add notes to, or even block out parts of a document. The file types that support annotations are: TIFF (.tif), JPEG (.jpg), Bitmap (.bmp), GIF (.gif), and PNG (.png).


ANTIBODY

Protein released in the blood that is generated in reaction to a foreign protein (antigen) that has entered the body. Antibodies produce immunity against certain micro-organisms or their toxins.


Applicant

Job seeker who has applied for the vacancy.


Application Plan

An Application Plan defines index keys of a document. It is created in the Perceptive Content Management Console and set in a Capture Profile.


Appointment

The action of an appointing authority to place a person in a position within the agency in accordance with the law and the Rules of the Administrator, Division of Merit Recruitment and Selection (DMRS). An appointment is effective when the employee reports for work or is in paid leave status on the agreed starting date and time.


Approved with Administrative Hold

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in the Approved with Administrative Hold state have been reviewed and approved by the IRB; however, additional administrative documentation is required before final approval is granted (e.g. submission of a Certificate of Confidentiality). 


ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION

Reproductive procedure by which semen previously collected from sires, packaged in “straws” and frozen in liquid nitrogen is thawed and manually deposited in the uterus of a cow in estrus, in the hope of conception. Artificial insemination is a technology that allows for genetic improvement based on selection and use of superior sires.(see also Timed Artificial Insemination).


Assessment

 1. Evaluation of student performance. 2. A component of the instructional environment that provides feedback which can be used to improve teaching and enhance learning. Assessment activities ought to help us improve the learning experience and validate what appears to be working successfully. Assessments activities are often categorized as "formative" or "summative".


Assigned to IRB Meeting

This is a state in ARROW. Studies in this state have been assigned to an upcoming meeting by either the IRB staff reviewer or the IRB submission manager.  In this state, the IRB staff reviewer can record the IRB meeting decision and draft meeting minutes.


Asynchronous

  1. Asynchronous learning is a student-centered teaching method that uses online learning resources to facilitate instruction that is not being delivered in person or in real time.  Discussion forums and recorded lectures are examples of asynchronous components in an online course.


Awaiting Correspondence

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have undergone IRB review, a meeting decision has been recorded and the IRB staff can draft correspondence for the study team. 


Awaiting Scientific Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been triaged by the IRB and determined to require scientific review.  In this state, the Scientific Review Committee (e.g. CTRC PIR, SRC, PRMC) will review the study and indicate the outcome of their review.   


Base-Building Adjustment

A salary increase (may be temporary or permanent).


Biogenic

Produced or brought about by living organisms.


BIOLOGICAL VALUE (of a protein)

A measure of protein quality. The percentage of protein in a feed which is not lost in the urine or the feces of the animal. Biological value is a reflection of the balance of amino acids available to the animal after digestion and absorption.


Blended

  1. Blended learning is a formal education program in which a student learns at least in part through delivery of content and instruction via digital and online media with some element of student control over time, place, path, or pace.  Can also be called Hybrid Learning.


Budget (Program) Decision

The reallocation or termination of resources by a university management decision that may result in staffing reductions in a program or operational area.


BULL (CLEAN-UP)

A bull used for natural mating after mutiple artificial insemination attempts have failed to establish pregnancy.


Business Insight

A tool integrated into the Imaging Service that can be used to run reports against data; often used to check user/group permissions.


Candidate

Applicant who has been deemed minimally qualified for the vacancy.


Capture Token

A licensing mechanism. Every scanner used with ImageNow uses a token; if all tokens are in use, another scanner cannot be configured until one is released.


CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2)

A gas produced by combustion or oxidation of organic matter. Carbon dioxide is also produced in large quantities during ruminal fermentation.


CELLULOSE (C6H10O5)n:

A polymer - long chain- of glucose units. Cellulose is the most abundant organic matter in the world. It is a major component of plant cell wall. Ruminant can use cellulose as an energy source because of fermentation by bacteria in the rumen.


Centralized Recruitment

Process in which OHR helps divisions manage the recruitment, assessment and selection of high-volume and continuously recruited positions (e.g., custodial positions).


Certify Not Human Subjects Research

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB staff reviewer to certify that an application does not constitute human subjects research.  This activity occurs in the Pre-review state.


Chancellor

The chief executive of UW–Madison.


Changes Requested - Scientific Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have undergone scientific review and changes were requested by the scientific review committee.  In this state, the study team can either 1) respond to the committee request so that it returns to the Awaiting Scientific Review state for additional review, or 2) withdraw the application. 


City of Madison Living Wage

110% of the Federal poverty rate for a family of four.


CLINICAL

Involving or based on direct observation of the patient (a clinical diagnosis). A clinical disease is a disease that can be diagnosed by examination because of signs / symptoms of discomfort, anomalies of the normal state


Clone ID

  1. A Clone ID is an ET Number assigned to the basic curriculum of a course. It is inclusive of Instances that share the same Curriculum ID. See also: Curriculum ID [KB Curriculum ID]


Coil Bind

a plastic coil that has a 4:1 pitch ratio used as a binding material to hold a book together


Collaboration Space

Collaboration Space is a type of notebook in Office 365's Class Notebook app. It is a notebook for all students and the teacher in the class to share, organize, and collaborate.


Compensatory Time

Paid time off the job which is earned and accrued by an employee instead of immediate cash payment for overtime. Compensatory time may be used instead of vacation balance.


CONCENTRATE

Feedstuffs usually rich in energy and coming from the part of the plant that accumulate nutrient reserves for an embryo (fruits, nuts, seeds and grains). The word concentrate is also used to refer to the mixture of minerals and other supplements used to feed dairy cattle.


Concurrent Appointments

When a temporary employee works two or more TE appointments at the same time.


Consecutive Appointments

When a temporary employee works two or more TE appointments back-to-back.


Consultant Review

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB staff reviewer to document nature of the consult and any relevant information about the outcome of the consult.


Contact

Contacts are like electronic cards that store a person's information. A contact can be as basic as a name and email address, or include more information like a street address, multiple phone numbers, and a photo.


Contact

A contact in Salesforce is a record about a single individual person and fundamentally it contains information about how to 'contact' a person.  


Contact Group

A contact group -- formerly called "distribution list" -- is a group of contacts that you can send messages, meeting requests and tasks requests.


Contact Group/List

A contact group/list is a personal group which is stored in your Contacts folder and can contain entries from your personal Contacts and from the Global Address List (GAL).


Content Library

A Content Library is a type of notebook in Office 365's Class Notebook app. It is a notebook for teachers to share course materials with students. Teachers can add and edit its materials, but for students, the notebook is read-only.


Continue Button

ARROW forms have a Continue button at the bottom that moves you forward through the application. Clicking Continue saves the current page and moves  the user to the next page. Continue is not the same as the Forward  button on a browser. Do not use the Forward button on a browser when completing forms in ARROW or the data entered will be lost.


Continuous Employment

Employment in a leave-earning position within the University of Wisconsin System or the State of Wisconsin that has not experienced a break in service longer than the reinstatement period for the applicable employment category. Continuous employment will be counted in determining an employee’s length of continuous service.


Continuous Service

All the time in a position with a State of Wisconsin agency as defined in Wis. Admin. Code § ER 18.01(3) or with the UW System in a position with an expectation for continued service, adjusted for any breaks in service. Continuous service at the University of Wisconsin System does not include time served in positions that are ineligible for leave per UW–Madison Campus-wide Operational Policy: Sick Leave.


Copy Reportable Event to Other Study

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to copy a reportable event application to another study.  For example, if a reportable event affects several studies open by the PI, the PI only needs to fill out the RE application one time and then copy it to the other affected studies.


Correspondence Prepared

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB floater to confirm that correspondence they've drafted is ready for review by the IRB staff reviewer.


Count Sheep

Midnight test. Lamb. Some text here.


Course Number

  1. The Course Number is another way of referring to an Instance Number [KB Instance Number], or an unique identifier that refers to a specific offering of a course.


Course Planning Group (CPG)

  • The Course Planning Group (CPG) is a cross functional team within Education Support Services (ESS) which offers support in professional development course instruction and logistical coordination.


Critical Thinking

 The art of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a view to improving it (Foundation for Critical Thinking).


Cronbach alpha

 Cronbach's alpha is a measure used to assess the reliability, or internal consistency, of a set of scale or test items. In other words, the reliability of any given measurement refers to the extent to which it is a consistent measure of a concept, and Cronbach's alpha is one way of measuring the strength of that consistency. See more here: Virginia stat Consulting or here (Wikipedia).


CROWN

Base of the stem where roots arise


CRUDE PROTEIN

A measure of the amount of protein in a feed determined as the amount of nitrogen multiplied by 6.25. The factor 6.25 is the average grams of protein that contains 1 gram of nitrogen. The word "crude" refers to the fact that not all nitrogen in most feed is exclusively in the form of protein. Because most feeds contain non-protein nitrogen (NPN), crude protein generally overestimates the actual protein content of a feed.


Customer's Originals

print ready copy


Cyan

C, one of the four process colors used in the CMYK printing process, blue in color


Densitometer

a quality control device to measure the density of printing ink


Density

the degree of color or darkness of an image or photograph


DENSITY

A measure of the concentration of matter per unit of volume (e.g., g/l or kg/m3)


Deny Request to Reactivate

This is an activity in ARROW in which the IRB submission manager can deny a study team's request to reactivate a submission that was previously withdrawn by the IRB (e.g. due to lack of submission of a continuing review for a study that has an expired IRB approval).  Execution of this activity will result in email notification to the study team that the request to reactivate has been denied and the study team will need to start the submission process over.


Deny Request to Reopen

This is an activity in ARROW in which the IRB submission manager can deny a study team's request to reopen a submission that was reported by the study team as completed or is in the closed state. 


DIGESTIBILITY (Coefficient of)

A measure of the proportion of a feed that is digestible. The digestibility of a nutrient is often measured as the difference between the amount of nutrient ingested minus the amount of nutrient excreted in the feces, expressed as a percentage of the nutrient ingested: 100 x (intake - excreted)/intake.


Distance Degree

  1. A Distance Degree is an Online Masters Degree. For a complete listing of degrees, visit https://epd.wisc.edu/online-degrees/


Division

A UW–Madison college, school or equivalent organizational unit.


Document capture

Document capture is any one of several processes used to convert a physical document to another format, typically a digital representation.


Document Keys

Values set that define and describe a document. There are seven for campus’ implementation of ImageNow: Drawer, Doctype, and five optionable/customizable keys. Discrete documents cannot have the same value for all of the key(s) otherwise they will be considered the same document and effectively merged.


Document Lifecycle

The document lifecycle is the sequence of stages that a document goes through from its creation to its eventual archival or deletion. Proper procedures throughout the document’s lifecycle are an important part of content management.

This is a set of defined processes that help your KB Group obtain, organize, store and deliver information crucial to its operation in the most effective manner possible. The stages of a document’s lifecycle include: creation, publication (site access), categorizing (topics), keywords, metadata tagging, delivery or sharing, repurposing, review and reporting, archiving and / or deletion.


Document Review Mode

Click on the Title of a document in any queue: Active, In Review, In Progress, Inactive and/or Trash to see its content in read-only mode.


DRY MATTER INTAKE

Quantity of dry matter ingested by a cow in a 24 h period. For example, a cow eating 18 kg of grass silage of 33% of dry matter ingest 18 x 0.33 = 6 kg of grass silage dry matter.


Dunning Letter

  1. A dunning letter is a notification sent to a customer, stating that the customer is overdue in paying an account receivable to the sender.


DUODENUM

First part of the small intestine. The secretions of the liver and pancreas are discharged into the duodenum.


Duotone

a halftone picture made up of two printed colors


EAR (of corn)

The seed-bearing part of a cereal plant. An ear of corn is composed of the grains, the cob, but not the husk, which are removed during harvesting.


Elastic (goods and services)

Elastic goods and services generally have plenty of substitutes. Inelastic goods have fewer substitutes and price change doesn't affect quantity demanded as much. Some inelastic goods include gas, electricity, water, drinks, clothing, tobacco, food, and oil.


Email Domain

In email addresses, the domain is the part of an email address comes after the @ symbol. For example, for the email address of "bbadger@wisc.edu", the domain is "wisc.edu".


Employee of the Board of Regents

All employees of UW–Madison (including University Staff). Prior to July 1 2015, classified employees were under the provisions of Wis. Stat. Chapter 230 and were still limited to the $12,000 statutory cap.


Employee-in-Training

Persons holding a title in the Employees-in-Training title group are normally acquiring additional training or experience in their field of specialization. Two examples of Employees-in-Training titles are Postdoctoral Fellow and Postgraduate Trainee.
Source: Office of Human Resources, Unclassified Title Guideline: Summary of Unclassified Appointment Types


ENDOSPERM

The nutritive tissue of a plant seed, surrounding and absorbed by the embryo.


ENERGY DENSITY

A measure of the concentration of energy in a feed or a ration usually expressed as a unit of energy (megacalorie or megajoule) per lb of dry matter or per kg of dry matter.


ENROLLMENT PLAN

Method used to select cows which are eligible for hormonal treatment (such as Ovsynch). For example, the enrollment plan may be defined by the voluntary waiting period or a negative pregnancy check.


ENZYME

Usually a protein that accelerates a biochemical reaction at body temperature, without being used up in the process (see also catalyst).


EPD Community

  • The EPD Community is a central space within Socialcast where conversations can occur related to EPD events or outings, announcements on achievements or fun facts/stories, and anything else the department would like the EPD Community to become. 


Exchange ActiveSync Protocol

Exchange ActiveSync (also known as EAS) is a communications protocol designed for the synchronization of email, contacts, calendar, tasks, and notes from a messaging server to a smartphone or other mobile devices. The protocol also provides mobile device management and policy controls.


Exchange Protocol

A service -- similar to IMAP, POP3, and ActiveSync -- that works to transfer and synchronize email/calendar information between the server and the end user's client.


EXCRETION

The removal of a material from an organism. Example of material excreted include tears, urine, feces, sweat and carbon dioxide. Examples of an organism's organs involved in excretion include eyes, bladder, rectum, skins and lungs.


Exemption Granted

This is a state in ARROW.  Applications in this state have undergone review by an IRB staff reviewer and determined to qualify for exemption. In this state, the study team can submit changes of protocol, personnel changes, and reportable events, as well as report study completion.  


Extend Exemption

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the study team to automatically set a new 5 year renewal period for the exemption if the activities are not yet complete.  The study team must provide attestation of exempt status of study.  There is no limited on the use of the “Extend Exemption” activity, as long as the activities conducted under the exemption are not yet complete and the the exempt status of the study has not changed.


Extraordinary Salary Range (ESR)

An approved salary range that is greater than the assigned range for the title. An ESR is associated with one of the following 1) An incumbent position, 2) A title (e.g., clinical anesthetist), or 3) A portion of a title series (e.g., nurse practitioners, within the clinical nurse specialist series).


Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)

A federal law that establishes labor standards for public and private sector employees. It is enforced by the Wage and Hour Division of the U.S. Department of Labor.


FALSE NEGATIVE

An animal that tests as negative but who is actually positive. The percent of false negative for a test can be calculated as 100 – SENSITIVITY.


FCOI (Financial Conflict of Interest)

A Financial Conflict of Interest (FCOI) is a significant financial interest in an entity that could directly and significantly affect the design, conduct, or reporting of federally-funded or human subjects research.


FERMENTATION (in the rumen)

The transformation of carbohydrates in absence of oxygen by rumen micro flora that produces volatile fatty acids such as acetic acid, propionic acid and butyric acid, and gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4).


Font

A font is a set of printable or displayable text characters in a specific style and size.


Food Insecurity

The USDA Economic Research Service (ERS) defines food insecurity as a household characteristic. Food insecure households are those for which “consistent access to adequate food is limited by a lack of money and other resources at times during the year” (See more at: USDA-ERS).


Food Insecurity

The state of being without reliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious food. During the first decade of this century, more than 800 million people live every day with hunger or food insecurity as their constant companion (see also National Academy of Science definitions).


FORAGE TO CONCENTRATE RATIO

Usually expressed as two percentages. The percentage of ration dry matter that is made up of forage and the percentage of ration dry matter that is composed of concentrates. The two total 100. For example a 50:50 forage to concentrate ratio means that a cow eating 20 kg of dry matter of that ration would eat 10 kg of concentrate dry matter and 10 kg of forage dry matter.


FRUCTANS

Is a polymer of fructose molecules generally, but not always, found as "carbohydrate storage in cool season grasses (C3 plants). Tall fescue and perennial ryegrass tend to have the highest levels of fructans when compared to other grasses under the same conditions. Fructan is stored in vacuoles inside cells throughout the plant where it is readily available as needed. In some species of grass the lower part of the stem is a carbohydrate storage organ.


FTE (Full Time Equivalent) and Headcount

There are two basic ways that we count the number of employees. When we use headcount, each individual person counts as one employee whether their appointment is full time or part time. When we use "FTE," we are using the "Full Time Equivalent."

The Full Time Equivalent is the total of all positions using the percentage of the appointment rather than the number of individual employees. This is what the headcount looks like for the same employees using each measure:

Employee A - .5 appointment
Employee B - 1.0 appointment
Employee C - .6 appointment
Employee D - .4 appointment

Using Headcount, there are 4 employees
Using FTE, there are 2.5 employees (.5 + 1 + .6 + .4 = 2.5)



Full Mailbox Permissions

Full mailbox permissions can be assigned between any two accounts within UW-Madison's Office 365 environment.

What can I do with full mailbox permissions? What can't I do with full mailbox permissions?
  • Create email drafts
  • Send calendar invites
  • Create events
  • Delete emails
  • Read emails
  • Send emails *

* To send emails, you will either need 'send as' or 'send on-behalf' of permissions.

Note: Service accounts have the capability of having delegates linked to them. If linking is used, the delegate will automatically be assigned 'full mailbox' and 'send as' permissions.

See how to manage full mailbox permissions for an account for further details.


GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT

The stomach and the intestine as a functional unit.


GERMINATE (to)

To begin to or to cause to grow (syn to sprout.


Global Warming Potential (GWP)

An index (i.e., a relative measure) of how much heat a greenhouse gas traps in the atmosphere over a chosen time horizon, relative to that of carbon dioxide. The GWP represents the combined effect of the differing times these gases remain in the atmosphere and their relative effectiveness in absorbing outgoing thermal infrared radiation. Although the most common time horizon is 100 years, GWP have been reported also for time horizons of 20 years and 500 years.


Gloss finish

shiny, reflective, smooth finish on paper or laminate


Grain

the direction in which the paper fiber lie


GRAIN

Seed from cereal plants.


GRAMINEAE

Family of plants including rye grass, fescue, brome, timothy and other herbaceous plants often referred to as grass. Cereals are gramineous plants but often, they are considered apart from the grass because they are cropped for the grain rather than the vegetative parts of the plant.


Green Manure

A fertilizer consisting of growing plants that are plowed back into the soil.


Greenhouse Gas (GHG)

Any of the atmospheric gases, both natural and anthropogenic, that contribute to the greenhouse effect by absorbing infrared radiation produced by solar warming of the Earth's surface. Water vapor (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (NO2) and ozone (O3) are the primary greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.


Greenhouse Gas Effect

Heat trapping effect of greenhouse gases in the troposphere (lowest portion of the earth's atmosphere)


Halftone

converting a continuous tone to dots for printing


Hedonic

Relating to or considered in terms of pleasant (or unpleasant) sensations.


HEMOGLOBIN

An iron rich protein found in the red blood cells which function as a carrier of oxygen and carbon dioxide.


Hiring Administrator

A person who is responsible for ensuring the recruitment, assessment and selection process for a particular vacancy is completed in accordance with established policies. A supervisor, unit human resource (HR) representative, or designee may serve as the hiring administrator and delegate different aspects of the search process. The hiring administrator continues to be responsible for the process, regardless of delegation.


Hiring Manager

The supervisor for a particular vacancy who has the authority to make the final hiring decision. The hiring manager works closely with the hiring administrator to complete all aspects of the search process in accordance with established policies.


Hold for Scheduling: Ancillary Committee Review Pending

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state cannot be scheduled for an IRB meeting until the Ancillary Committee Review decision has been entered into the system.


Hold IRB Review - Continuing Review Required

This is a state in ARROW.  In this state, change applications are being held until a continuing review application has been submitted by the study team and reviewed by the IRB.


Hold IRB Review - Submission of Reportable Event Pending

This is a state in ARROW.  In this state, continuing and change applications are being held until a reportable event has been submitted by the study team.  Once the reportable event has been submitted, the continuing or change will transition back to the pre-review state.


Human Resources

  1. Human Resources handles payroll, benefits, payroll funding information, recruiting, reclassifications and promotions, retirements, emeritus appointments, HR concerns.


Human Subjects Research

For information on human subjects research, please see the Institutional Review Board's website.


HUNGER

A strong desire for food.


ImageNow Printer

Software that enables you to "print" files into a .TIFF (tagged image file format); for desktop users, the ImageNow Printer will display as a device in the “Devices and Printers,” “Printers and Faxes” area of the Windows’ Control Panel.


Imposition

the arrangement of pages on a press sheet, or, the arrangement of fields on a document


Impression

putting an image on paper


Imprint

adding copy to a previously printed page


In Exempt Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been identified as qualifying for exemption review and have been assigned an exempt reviewer.


In Expedited Review

This is state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been identified as qualifying for expedited review and have been assigned an expedited reviewer. 


Inbox

The Inbox appears whenever a user logs into ARROW. Studies that appear in the Inbox require action by the user before a study can move forward in the review process.


Indicia

postal information place on a printed product


Industrial Refrigeration Center (IRC)

  • The Industrial Refrigeration Consortium (IRC) is a collaborative effort between the University of Wisconsin-Madison and industry. They work to improve the safety, efficiency, and productivity of industrial refrigeration systems and technologies, realizing this goal by conducting applied research, delivering knowledge transfer, and providing technical assistance. Although efforts are focused on industrial refrigeration systems that utilize anhydrous ammonia, they also work with systems that use other refrigerants.

    The IRC offers a unique combination of complementary resources that include academic qualifications, technical expertise, and practical experience. They provide objective information that is not biased by an affiliation with any particular organization.


INFLORESCENCE

The arrangement of flowers on a stalk that characterizes a plant species.


Instance Number

  1. Instance Number, which can be viewed in ET, is a unique ET Number assigned to a unique offering of a course being held over specific dates in a specific location. See also: Program Number [KB Program Number]


Institution

[Noun]

1:  From institutional economics:  Economic institutions include norms (uncodified social rules), laws, and property relations (such as private property or communal property).  

2:  From sociology:  Social institutions are established or standardized patterns of rule-governed behavior. They include the family, education, religion, and economic and political institutions.  The also include the nested systems of relationships, processes, beliefs, practices, arrangements, expectations, and incentives that constitute these higher-order institutions.
See Topics in Sociology for more information, examples, and interesting food for thought.

3:  A large organization that has a particular kind of work or purpose.
      (e.g., financial/educational/research etc. institution)
      ...The food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the IPCC, the World Bank, central banks in general.

Other definitions (not necessarily used in this class):

4:  A building that people are sent to when they need to be looked after, for example old people or children with no parents - often used to show disapproval:  I was determined not to put my mother in an institution.
 
5:  When something is started or introduced in society, especially something relating to the law or politics:  The institution of divorce proceedings

6:  To be an institution:  if a person, place, event, etc. is an institution, they have been an important part of a place for a very long time - often used humorously:  The British pub isn't just somewhere to drink - it's an institution.





Institutional Responsibilities

Institutional Responsibilities are an investigator's professional duties on behalf of the UW-Madison, which may include; research, research consultation, instruction, professional practice, extension/outreach, administrative activities and institutional committee memberships.


Internal Recruitment

Standard recruitment process that requires that applicants be currently employed at UW–Madison.


INTERNATIONAL UNITS (IU)

A unit of measurement of the amount of biologically active vitamin in a feed or required in a diet.


InterPro Customer Service

  1. InterPro Customer Service is responsible for handling emails from customers.


IRB Administrative Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state will undergo administrative review by the IRB submission manager in order to determine appropriate IRB and staff reviewer assignment.  In this state, the IRB submission manager can also send administrative issues to the study team. 


IRB Member Modification Review

This is a state in ARROW in which an IRB member can conduct a review of a modification response by the study team upon the request of an IRB staff reviewer.  In this state, the IRB member can submit modification review notes regarding their assessment of the modification response.  Then the IRB staff reviewer forwards the submission back to IRB Review of Modification Response.


IRB Pre-Meeting

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been scheduled for an IRB meeting and go through the pre-meeting state in order to be scheduled for PRS or confirmed for an upcoming IRB agenda.


IRB Review of Modification Response

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state were previously reviewed by the IRB and modifications were requested.  The response from the study team requires review by the IRB to determine whether the study team has adequately addressed the IRB's requests.  In this state, the IRB staff reviewer can send the modification response to an IRB member or schedule it for review at a full meeting.


IRB Withdrawn

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been withdrawn by the IRB due to lack of response to an IRB request for modifications or deferral response.


KERNEL

The whole grain of a cereal. The meats of nuts and drupes (single stoned fruits).


Keyline

an outline drawing (see also trim box defintion)


Knowledge

 That, which is discovered and used to change one's life or the life of others.


L&S Department ID/UDDS

A Department ID is the sequence of numbers that identifies a specific campus department, program, or entity. Historically, the Department ID was known as a "UDDS," which stands for "Unit, Division, Department, Subdepartment." This term is still in use in some resources, so we are including it in this glossary listing.

In more practical terms, a Department ID/UDDS is the unique combination of letters and numbers that identify the division, department, and possibly subdepartment, associated with a particular personnel, research, financial, or other activity or transaction.

EXAMPLE:  The full Department ID for a particular Letters & Science Department would be written as : 48XXXX.

"48" stands for "College of Letters & Science"

"XXXX" are the four numbers that identify the specific department, program, project, or other administrative entity.

A list of Letters & Science Department ID/UDDS numbers can be found at:

UW Madison Coding Information Dept ID

Click on the link and you will be directed to the Accounting Services web site.  Click on the Coding link on the left side of the screen.  Click on the Organization/Dept ID.  When the excel list opens click on A48 to find a list of all Letters & Science Departments and descriptions. 

UDDS Look Up Tool


L&S Majors, Certificates, and Degrees

The official lists of majors, certificates, and degrees offered in Letters & Science are available on-line:

  • The Guide provides a comprehensive list of undergraduate majors, special degree programs, certificates, and concentrations organized by the respective school or college that offers the academic program.
  • The Guide also provides a comprehensive list of graduate degrees, minors, and certificates. The information is organized alphabetically for all university programs.


Laminate

using a high-temperature process to melt plastic on paper, can be one or two-sided


LAMINITIS

Inflammation of the sensitive vascular tissue of the hoof.


LDT and Marketing Production Team

  1. The LDT and Marketing Production Team Education Support Services team that is responsible for the creation, processing, and delivery of instructional and promotional assets for InterPro efforts.


Learning

 The process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience (Kolb, Experiential Learning; Experience as the Source of Learning and Development).


Learning Design and Technologies (LDT)

  1. The Learning Design and Technologies (LDT) team provides effective support, consultation, strategic planning, and leadership in all current and emerging areas of teaching, learning, and technologies. Their work supports faculty, staff and students, and includes all phases of instructional design, development, and evaluation.

    They are dedicated to providing high quality learning experiences; empowering stakeholders with effective best practices, technologies, support and consultation; building constructive partnerships with UW-Madison campus units; and sustaining a strong record of scholarly activity through research and conferences in order to stay informed of emerging areas that drive educational innovation.


Learning Environment

  1. learning environment is a combination of social and physical qualities that create the classroom experience. It includes classroom management procedures, as well as the way the space is organized, furnished and maintained.


LearnModes

A special type of application plan that can interface with Windows programs outside of Perceptive Content and pull information from them. The information can then be mapped to document keys.


Life Cycle Assessment

LCA addresses the environmental aspects and potential environmental impacts (e.g. use of resources and the environmental consequences of releases) throughout a product's life cycle from raw material acquisition through production, use, end-of-life treatment, recycling and final disposal (i.e. cradle-to-grave). There are four phases in an LCA study: a) the goal and scope definition phase, b) the inventory analysis phase, c) the impact assessment phase, and d) the interpretation phase (ISO 2006).


LIGNIN

Indigestible phenolic compound which, as the plant matures, is deposited in the cell wall and is responsible for the decrease in digestibility of the cell wall carbohydrates.


LIMESTONE

A sedimentary rock, chiefly calcium carbonate (CaCO3), containing variable amounts of magnesium. It is used as building stone, but also as a source of calcium in ration of animals.


Linked Accounts

A linked account is an account that your NetID has been provided access to. For example, after entering your NetID login credentials at the NetID login screen, you will have the option of logging into your primary mailbox or any other mailboxes (accounts) that have been linked to your NetID, such as a departmental account. A NetID can be "linked" to any number of other accounts, simplifying the login process for users and providing much needed affiliation between accounts. Linked access to an account also provides other privileges such as consolidating in preparation for the migration to Office 365.

Instructions for linking an Office 365 service account to your NetID are available here.


LIPOPROTEINS

Protein coated packages that transport fats in the bloodstream


Living Documentation

Living documentation is a dynamic system documentation that provides information that is current, accurate and easy to understand. Documents that are written in a natural language format serve as the core of living documentation. Your content experts can review the documentation to ensure that it describes the desired behavior of the system from a logical standpoint.


Lump-Sum Payment

A one-time payment to an employee that does not increase the employee's salary.


Lync

Microsoft Lync (formerly Microsoft Office Communicator) and Microsoft Lync for Mac are instant messaging clients used with Microsoft Lync Server or Lync Online available with Microsoft Office 365. Lync is currently not available within UW-Madison's implementation of Office 365.


LYSINE

One of the 20 amino acids constituting the building blocks of proteins. Animals have a high requirement for lysine, and it is often deficient in proteins of plants.


Magenta

M, one of the four process colors used in the CMYK printing process, pink/purple in color


MAINTENANCE (diet)

A diet that supplies the nutrients required to maintain vital functions (heart beat, respiration) and assure a constant body temperature.


MAINTENANCE (state)

A physiological state in which the animal is neither gaining nor losing weight, performing work or expending nutrients for any type of production.


Malnutrition

Lack of proper nutrition, caused by not having enough to eat, not eating enough of the right things, or being unable to use the food that one does eat (see more on Wikipedia).


Management Console

A major component of Perceptive Content that allows users with appropriate permissions to manage many aspects of Perceptive Content including drawers, doctypes, application plans, etc.


Management Plan

A Management Plan (MP) may be put into place by the UW-Madison Conflict of Interest Committee to aid an investigator reduce or eliminate a financial conflict of interest (FCOI) and to ensure, to the extent possible, that the design, conduct, and reporting of research will be free from bias.  An example Management Plan may be found here Financial Conflict of Interest Management Plan Example .


Marketing Message

  1. Marketing Message is content within promotional material that is designed to inform the reader about what to expect and why they should attend a course. Examples of Marketing Message content include: target audience, attending benefits, course content, and testimonials. It is often reviewed and updated with input from both the Program Director and/or Program Associate and the EPD Marketing team. It does not include administrative/logistical information.


MASTICATION

To grind or crush (food) with or as if with the teeth to prepare it for swallowing and digestion (Syn: Chew).


Matte finish

dull paper, ink, or laminate finish


MEAN (Statistics)

The mean of a normal distribution is the most likely value (the value that has the lowest probability of being "wrong"). The mean is the best measure of central tendency of a normal distribution. With a normal distribution, approximately one-half of the samples have values lower than the mean and one-half have values higher than the mean.


METABOLIZABLE PROTEIN

In ruminant nutrion, metabolizable protein, often abbreviated MP, is the amount of digestible protein that reach the small intestine, which is the source of amino acids absorbed into the blood. The three main sources of MP include rumen undegraded protein (the dietary protein fraction that has not been degraded in the rumen), the microbial (bacterial) protein synthesized in the rumen from the fermentation process, and the endogenous protein (intestinal digestive enzymes and sloughed cells from the gastro-intestinal tract). The latter source is minimal.


MFA-Duo (multi-factor authentication)

Multi-factor authentication is part of the new UW–Madison login process that verifies your identity. It combines something you know (your NetID and password) with something you have (smartphone, token/fob or tablet) preventing anyone but you from logging into a system. UW-Madison has partnered with Duo to provide this service.

You will now need to log in by:

  1. Entering your NetID and password, and

  2. Confirming your login with the Duo app on your device.


MICROORGANISM

(see Microbe).


Microsoft 365 (Email and Calendaring System)

Office 365 is a cloud-based service provided by Microsoft. To see what features are available in UW-Madison's implementation, check here: Microsoft 365 - What features are included in Microsoft 365?


Microsoft 365 Account

The location in the Office 365 system where your email, calendar, task list, and address book are stored. Each Office 365 account has one primary address, but can have many alternate addresses.


Microsoft 365 Transition Website

Located at 365transition.wisc.edu, the Office 365 Transition Website is the first stop for those who are interested to know more about the transition. It provides general info on everything from the project history and the business case to the Office 365 Team roster and announcements to campus.


MINERAL

1. The inorganic chemical elements (e.g., calcium phosphorus magnesium) determined by combusting a sample in a furnace and weighing the mineral residue. 2. Minerals play major roles in numerous metabolic processes. (syn Ash).


MItigation

A human intervention to reduce the human impact on the climate system; it includes strategies to reduce greenhouse gas sources and emissions and enhancing greenhouse gas sinks (Source: EPA Glossary).


Modfications Requested

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have gone to an IRB meeting and IRB modifications have been sent to the study team.  Study teams must submit a response to the modifications before the study can move on from this state.


MONOGASTRIC

Having one digestive cavity (i.e., one stomach).


Multi on

two or more different images placed on one sheet two or more of the same images up on one sheet


NCR

multiple-part paper form that does not use carbon paper


Negative

the image on a film that inverts color


NET ENERGY OF LACTATION (NEl)

The amount of energy in a feed which is available for milk production and body maintenance. Feeds generally are similar in total energy content but vary widely in the proportion of the total energy which is available for maintenance and milk production. The remainder of the energy in the feed is lost in the feces urine, gas belched form the rumen and excess heat production by the cow. In the cow, it takes 0.74 Mcal NEl to produce 1 kg of milk containing 4% fat and the net energy content of most feed range from 0.9 to 2.2 Mcal NEl per kg dry matter.


NEUTRAL DETERGENT FIBER (NDF)

A measure of the amount of cell wall in a feed determined by a laboratory procedure. Neutral detergent fiber includes cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin.


New Continuing Review (CR)

This is an activity available to study teams for all studies in the Approved state.  This allows study teams to initiate a new continuing review application.


New Full Change

This is an activity available to study teams for all studies in the Approved state.  This allows study teams to initiate a new change of protocol.


New Reportable Event

This is an activity available to study teams for all studies in the Approved state.  This allows study teams to initiate a reportable event. 


NON-FIBER CARBOHYDRATE

Carbohydrates that are not part of the neutral detergent fiber, but generally accumulate in the plant as energy reserve (e.g., starch). These carbohydrates usually are more rapidly and more completely digested than the fibrous carbohydrates (syn Non-structural carbohydrate).


NON-PROTEIN NITROGEN (NPN)

Nitrogen that comes from a source other than protein but may be used by a ruminant in the building of protein. NPN sources include compounds such as urea and anhydrous ammonia, which are used in feed formulations for ruminant only.


Non-Service Related Appointment

Income with no work requirement; related to a non-service appointment (e.g. Fellow, Scholar, Trainee). Payment of the funds is not dependent on work or service to the university performed by the recipient.


NON-STRUCTURAL CARBOHYDRATE

(see non-fiber carbohydrate).


Nonexempt Staff

Staff eligible for overtime pay or compensatory time off according to federal and state law.


Nonexempt Staff

Staff eligible for overtime pay or compensatory time off according to federal and state law.


Nonexempt Supervisor

An employee who is responsible for supervising two or more FTEs but is not exempt from the overtime provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as indicated in the employee’s position description.


Notebook Production Group (NPG)

  1. The Notebook Production Group (NPG) collaborates with instructors and EPD faculty and staff to create high-quality digital and printed course material for EPD's professional development courses. The team uses a combination of tools, expertise, and a streamlined, efficient, and organized process are to ensure that all materials meet the needs of both internal and external customers.


NUTRIENT

The chemical substances found in feeds that can be used, and are necessary, for the maintenance, production and health of the animal. The main classes of nutrients are carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, vitamins and water.


NUTRIENT REQUIREMENT

This refers to meeting the animal's need of the various classes of nutrients for maintenance, growth, reproduction, lactation and physical work.


Occasional (Sporadic)

Work that is infrequent, irregular or occurring in scattered instances, even when it recurs seasonally. However, work that recurs every other week is not occasional or sporadic.


Office Online

Office Online (previously Office Web Apps) is an online office suite offered by Microsoft as a part of Office 365, which allows users to create and edit files using lightweight, web browser-based versions of Microsoft Office applications: Word, Excel, PowerPoint and OneNote. The offering also includes Outlook, People, Calendar and OneDrive for Business, all of which are accessible from a unified app switcher (Outlook on the web).


Offline Data File (OST)

Typically, when you use a Microsoft Exchange Server account (Office 365 account), your email messages, calendar, and other items are delivered to and saved on the server. You can configure Outlook to keep a local copy of your items on your computer in an Outlook data file that is named an offline Outlook Data File (.ost). This allows you to use Cached Exchange Mode or to work offline when a connection to the Office 365 (Exchange) computer may not be possible or wanted. The .ost file is synchronized with the Office 365 (Exchange) computer when a connection is available.


Offsetting

using an intermediate surface to transfer ink. This also occurs when images of freshly printed sheets transfer images to each other


Onboarding

Integrating and acculturating new employees into the university and providing them with the tools, resources, and knowledge to become successful and productive. Onboarding engages employees beginning with the acceptance of the job offer, and continues through the entire first year of employment.


OneDrive for Business

OneDrive for Business is Office 365's file hosting service. It allows users to upload and sync files to a cloud storage and then access them from a web browser or their local device.


OneNote

OneNote is an electronic version of a paper notebook where you can write down notes, thoughts, ideas, scribbles, reminders, and all kinds of other information. Unlike the traditional document page format of other programs such as word-processing or spreadsheet programs, OneNote offers a free-form canvas where you can type, write, or draw notes in the form of text, graphics, and images wherever and however you want them.


OneNote Class Notebook

The OneNote Class Notebook is an Office 365 app that helps instructors set up OneNote in their class. This app will create a class notebook, which includes three types of sub-notebooks: Student Notebooks, Content Library, and Collaboration Space.


Online Coordinator

  1. The Online Coordinator helps manage the processes and resource allocation related to the design, development, and delivery of EPD's professional development online courses. The Online Coordinator collaborates with Program Directors, instructors, the Learning Design & Technologies team, and Program Support to execute all phases of a course's lifecycle.


Online Support

  1. Online Support offers support for Canvas, Web Conferencing software (Zoom), screen-casting software, Box used in online courses, CAE Software Troubleshooting, Campus Software Library troubleshooting outside of departmental desktop support.


Operational Area

An area of focus or function in a college, school or division, department or office. An operational area will generally be a subset of a college, school or division, department or office, and need not include the whole unit.


ORGANIC MATTER

Compounds composed of carbon oxygen hydrogen and nitrogen. All living organisms are composed primarily of organic matter. Fats, carbohydrates and proteins are examples of organic compounds.


Orientation

A component of onboarding that introduces a new hire to her/his new employment and environment. Orientation is a short-term activity or series of activities that typically takes place in the first week of employment.


Original

material that is to be reproduced using various printing methods. i.e., PDFs, documents, photographs, artwork, product sample, or artist's drawing


Outlook on the web

Microsoft's service for accessing your Microsoft 365 account via web browser. Log into Outlook on the web.


OVULATION

Release of an oocyte (i.e., egg) from a mature follicle. In dairy cows, ovulation occurs 24 to 32 hours after the first standing event of behavioral estrous. Similarly, ovulation occurs 24 to 32 hours after an injection of Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone; (Gn-RH) administered in the presence of a dominant follicle.


Page count

total number of pages in a book including blanks


PANCREAS

An irregularly shaped gland that secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum and produces insulin that is released into the blood.


Pantone Matching System

(PMS) Industry standard for ink mixing


PAPILLAE (reticulo-rumen)

1. Small projections on the inner surface of the rumen and the reticulum wall that increase the surface area of absorption of volatile fatty acids and other end-products of bacterial fermentation.


PAPILLAE (tongue)

Protuberances at the surface of the tongue that detect the taste of a feed.


PARTURITION

The act of giving birth (Syn Calving).


Payment for Environmental Services (PES)

Payments to farmers or landowners who have agreed to take certain actions to manage their land or watersheds to provide an ecological service. As the payments provide incentives to land owners and managers, PES is a market-based mechanism, similar to subsidies and taxes, to encourage the conservation of natural resources.


PEPSIN

A digestive enzyme found in the gastric juice that breaks down proteins into peptides.


Perceptive Content

Perceptive Content, formerly ImageNow, is a Hyland system provided to campus that allows users to enter and store documents. Documents are commonly entered via scanner, but can be “printed” into the system or bulk-imported as well.


Perceptive Content

The desktop application used to access the Imaging Service at UW-Madison .


Perceptive Experience

Perceptive Experience is an HTML5 web client that can access and view documents in the Imaging System on all operating systems. Unlike WebNow Perceptive Experience does not "look" like the Perceptive Content desktop client. Thus there is "get acquainted" period in learning its use. We have several KnowledgeBase documents about Perceptive Experience:


Perf (Perforation)

a series of small cuts at regular intervals usually made to help a sheet tear apart evenly


Perfect bind

type of binding that uses glue on the spine of the sheets to adhere a cover to the sheets, like a phone book


Perfecting

see page 14, job F141491 for example


Permanent Status

The rights and privileges attained upon successful completion of an original probationary period or career-executive trial period required upon an appointment to a permanent position.


Permissions

In Microsoft 365, permissions can enable an individual to access another individual's mail, calendars, and contacts. For example, if User A wanted the ability to modify events in User B's calendar, User B would need to assign read/write/modify permissions to User A. Review complete list of permissions levels (and definitions): Microsoft 365 - Mail and Calendar folder permission levels.


PHENOLIC (compound)

Organic substance in which the carbon atoms are linked together in a ring structure (also called aromatic structure). Lignin is an example of phenolic compound.


PHOTOSYNTHESIS

The process by which the chlorophyll of plants converts carbon dioxide and water into simple sugars with the simultaneous release of oxygen.


PLACENTA

An organ that develops during pregnancy in female mammals. It lines the uterus and partially envelopes the fetus, to which it is attached by the umbilical cord. Following birth, the placenta, then called the after birth, is normally expelled. The retention of the placenta usually leads to bacterial infection of the uterus called metritis.


PNG

is a Portable Network Graphics) is a file format for image compression that was designed to provide a number of improvements over the GIF format. Like a GIF, a PNG file is compressed in lossless fashion (meaning all image information is restored when the file is decompressed during viewing). Files typically have a .png extension.


Point of Contact (POC)

The point of contact on a study has the capacity to edit the application and can also submit to the IRB on behalf of the PI.  There may four point of contacts assigned to a study and only the PI and the POCs can submit directly to the IRB.


POPULATION (statistics)

The set of individuals, items, or data from which a statistical sample is taken. In statistical terms, a population is defined as a larger set from which samples are obtained.


Position

Specific duties and responsibilities of a job.


Pre-Submission

This is a state in ARROW. Pre-submission is the default state for any newly-created submission. Applications in Pre-Submission have not yet been submitted to the IRB.


PRECISION

1. The degree with which a measurement is reproducible, that is, yielding similar results when repeated (see also Accuracy).
2. the number of significant digits to which a value has been reliably measured.


PREGNANT

Having one or several fetus growing inside the uterus.


Prevailing Wage Rate

The amount paid by other employers in the labor market for similar work. The rate is established by the State of Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development.


Program Number

  1. A Program Number can currently be viewed in CSIS by using the unique ET Instance Number assigned to a unique offering of a course being held over specific dates in a specific location. See also: Instance Number [KB Program Number]


PROTEIN

A chain or multiple chains of amino acids (more than 100). Proteins are composed of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen nitrogen (16% on average,found in the form of amino acids) and often sulfur. Proteins have important functions in the body. They are present in all plants and animals and they are essential in the ration of animals. See also Crude Protein.


PROTOZOAN

Most primitive form of life in the animal kingdom composed of only one microscopic cell.


Punch

typically 44 hole (on 11" sheet of paper) on the binding-edge of a sheet of paper, created by punching the paper using a die that punches out the holes


Recruitment, Assessment, and Selection Plan

A document created by division HR in collaboration with division leadership, and approved by OHR which provides overall guidelines for recruitment, assessment and selection. It outlines the division’s expectations of specific steps, processes and requirements for recruitment, assessment and selection and identifies plans and procedures to increase diversity.


Recurring Appointments

When a temporary employee continues in the same position each year.


REGURGITATION

Reversal of the natural direction in which contents flow through a tube or a cavity in the body. During rumination, rumen contents are regurgitated through the esophagus in the mouth for further mastication.


Reportable Events

Refers to any submission that is not an initial, continuing or change of protocol.  Reportable events include noncompliance, new information, adverse events and unanticipated problems.


Resilience

The capacity of a system to buffer shock and stresses. The ability to recover from setbacks, adapt well to change, and keep going in the face of adversity.


Resource Account

In Office 365, a resource account is a non-person account that can be classified as either "room" or "equipment". Examples can include meeting/conference rooms, audio-visual equipment, or vacation calendars. Individuals must be granted permissions to interact with a resource account. More details.


RETICULO-RUMEN

The first two stomachs of a ruminant comprised of the reticulum and the rumen. A microbial population lives in the rumen and enable the cow to digest dietary fiber. The digesta in the rumen and the reticulum is being exchanged once about every 50 to 60 seconds under the influence of a rhythmic cycle of contraction which also results in passage of some digesta from the reticulum into the omasum through the reticulo-omasal orifice.


Reviewer Notes

Reviewer Notes are notes made in an application by IRB staff. Reviewer notes labeled IRB Question require a response from the study team. Only IRB staff can create Reviewer Notes in ARROW.


Right-Angle fold

two folds at right angles to each other


RUMEN

The large first compartment of the stomach of a ruminant from which food is regurgitated and in which cellulose in broken down by the action of the symbiotic bacterial, protozoa, and fungal populations.


Scanner Profile

A reuseable collection of settings that defines scanner parameters. A scanner profile sets things like DPI (dots per inch) and Simplex (single-side) /Duplex (double-sided) on scans. Scanner profiles are located and set in capture profiles.


Scientific Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state must undergo review by the Institute for Clinical and Translational Research Scientific Review Committee (ICTR SRC), the UW Cancer Center Protocol Review and Monitoring Committee (PRMC) or the Clinical and Translational Research Core  Protocol Implementation Review (CTRC PIR) before moving on to the IRB Pre-Review state.


SECRETION

The movement of a material from one place to another. Secretion is often required to move a material to the place where it can be excreted. Examples of materials secreted include all materials excreted (see Excretion above), plus enzymes, hormones and saliva. The organs that play a role in secretion include all those involved in excretion, plus the digestive glands like salivary glands, pancreas, liver and gallbladder and endocrine glands like the thyroid gland, pituitary gland, and ovaries and testes.


Send As

In Office 365, this permission allows users other than the mailbox owner to use the mailbox to send messages. After this permission is assigned to a delegate, any message that a delegate sends from this mailbox will appear as if it was sent by the mailbox owner. However, this permission doesn't allow a delegate to sign in to the user's mailbox.


Send On Behalf Of

In Office 365, this permission allows a delegate to use this mailbox to send messages. However, after this permission is assigned to a delegate, the From address in any message sent by the delegate indicates that the message was sent by the delegate on behalf of the mailbox owner.


Send to Pre-Submission

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to send an application back to the Pre-Submission state from the Withdrawn state. For example, the PI withdrew an application from the IRB review process and now wants to start the submission process again using the previously withdrawn application.


SENSITIVITY

The probability that a test is positive, given that the animal has the disease (See also specificity).


Service Account

Microsoft 365 service accounts are intended to be used for shared/changing roles (e.g., info, secretary, webmaster, newsletter, feedback, etc.) or service/programmatic access (e.g., printers, copiers, mailers). Service accounts can be accessed via all Outlook clients. Learn more about the types of accounts available within UW-Madison's implementation of Microsoft 365.


Service Related Appointments

Employment payment, compensation for work performed in service to the university. Income is contingent upon an activity or employee position (e.g. Project Assistant, Research Associate, Teaching Assistant, etc.).


SharePoint

SharePoint is a web application framework and platform which integrates intranet, content management, and document management. You can use it as a secure place to store, organize, share, and access information from almost any device. Learn more.


SharePoint Designer

Microsoft SharePoint Designer is a specialized HTML editor and web design freeware for creating or modifying Microsoft SharePoint sites, workflows and web pages.


Sifting and Winnowing

The phrase "sifting and winnowing" refers to UW-Madison's historic tradition of defense of intellectual and academic freedom. The words are taken from an 1894 report of the University of Wisconsin Board of Regents and were originally used to explain the board's refusal to censure a professor accused of socialist and pro-union activity. The words are mounted on a plaque on the front of Bascom Hall:

WHATEVER MAY BE THE LIMITATIONS WHICH TRAMMEL INQUIRY ELSEWHERE, WE BELIEVE THAT THE GREAT STATE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN SHOULD EVER ENCOURAGE THAT CONTINUAL AND FEARLESS SIFTING AND WINNOWING BY WHICH ALONE THE TRUTH CAN BE FOUND.


Signature

a sheet of printed pages that when folded become part of a publication (i.e., book, magazine, etc.)


Significant Financial Interest (SFI)

A Significant Financial Interest means any financial interests held by an investigator (and/or his or her immediate family), or by a business entity controlled or directed by the investigator or a member of his or her immediate family, that has monetary value, whether or not the value is readily ascertainable, including:

  • Remuneration (e.g. salary, consulting fees, honoraria, paid authorship, etc.) received from a publicly traded entity in the twelve months preceding disclosure, and the value of any equity interest (stock, stock option, or other ownership interest) in the entity at the date of disclosure that, when aggregated, exceed $5,000
  • Remuneration, (e.g. salary, consulting fees, honoraria, paid authorship, etc.) received from a non-publicly traded entity of greater than $5,000 in the twelve months preceding the disclosure
  • Any equity interest (e,g. stock, stock option, or other ownership interest) in a non-publicly traded entity
  • Royalty income from intellectual property rights not arising out of university employment, which are not assigned to organizations created to manage such rights on behalf of the University of Wisconsin-Madison (WARF)
  • Reimbursed or sponsored travel related to institutional responsibilities that is not reimbursed or sponsored by a government agency, a U.S. university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a U.S. university
  • Service in positions with fiduciary responsibility , including senior managers (e.g. presidents, vice presidents, etc.) and members of boards of directors, whether or not the investigator receives compensation for such service.

Significant financial interests do not include the following:

  • Salary, royalties, or other remuneration received from UW-Madison, the University of Wisconsin Medical Foundation, or the VA
  • Royalty income from intellectual property rights arising out of UW-Madison employment that are assigned to organizations created to manage such rights on behalf of the University of Wisconsin-Madison (WARF)
  • Income from investment vehicles, such as mutual funds and retirement accounts, as long as the investigator does not control the investment decisions made in these vehicles
  • Income from seminars, lectures, or teaching engagements sponsored by a domestic government agency, a university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a university
  • Income from service on advisory committees or review panels for a domestic government agency, a university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a university
  • Travel related to institutional responsibilities that is reimbursed or sponsored by a domestic government agency, a university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a university.


Single-sided

only one side of the page is printed, meaning the back side of each page is blank


SINUS

A cavity formed by a bending or curving; a dilated passage.


SPHINCTER

A ring-like muscle that maintains constriction of a bodily passage or orifice and opens upon relaxation.


Spine

the binding edge of a publication (i.e., book, magazine, etc.)


STANDARD DEVIATION (statistics)

Standard deviation (SD) is a measure of the dispersion of a set of data from its mean. If the data points are further from the mean, there is higher deviation within the data set. The SD shares the same unit as the mean. The SD is calculated as the square root of variance by determining the variation between each data point relative to the mean. The symbol for standard deviation is σ (the Greek letter sigma). Approximately, in a normal distribution,
38% of all observations are within ± 0.5 SD units of the mean;
68% of all observations are within ± 1 SD units of the mean;
95% of all observations are within ± 2 SD units of the mean;
99% of all observations are within ± 3 SDunits of the mean.


Standard Recruitment

Merit-based process used to fill most vacancies. This process allows UW–Madison the flexibility to target specific skill sets as well as a diverse pool of qualified candidates. The process is open to all qualified candidates and does not require that applicants be employed at UW–Madison.


State of Wisconsin Adjusted Continuous Service

All time employed by the State of Wisconsin in either the Unclassified, Classified or University staff service in a permanent capacity, adjusted for breaks in service, shall be counted in determining an employee’s length of continuous service. This excludes time served as a Limited Term or Project Employee.


Step-and-repeat

the process of placing the same image on a single sheet or page of a document multiple times


STILLBORN CALF

A calf born dead or that dies within 48 hours of birth.


Student Assistants

Titles in the Student Assistant title group are used for graduate students who: hold a fellowship, scholarship or traineeship; hold an appointment which is intended primarily to further the education and training of the student; are employed to assist with research training or other academic programs or projects; and/or have been assigned teaching responsibilities in an instructional department under the supervision of a faculty member.

In addition, Student Assistant titles are available to undergraduate students when: no qualified graduate student is available to perform a function that would normally be assigned to graduate students (i.e., Undergraduate Assistant - requires advance approval of the dean); or when the terms of a supporting grant or contract preclude the use of other normally appropriate titles (Undergraduate Intern).


SOURCE: Office of Human Resources, UW-Madison Unclassified Title Guideline; Summary of Unclassified Appointment Types


Student Notebooks

Student Notebooks are a part of Office 365's Class Notebook app. They are private notebooks that are shared between each teacher and their individual students. Teachers can access these notebooks at any time, but students cannot see other students’ notebooks.


Student Services

  1. Student Services helps coordinate activities related to admissions, academic services and student support. The unit manages day to day interactions with customers and acts as a primary point of contact throughout customer lifecycle.


Study Suspended

The IRB can suspend a study, automatically moving it to the "suspended" state rather than the "approved" state.  Once a study has been suspended, activities available to the study team are limited.  Study teams can initiate a change of protocol to address whatever caused the study to be suspended in the first place. 


Stunted growth

Stunted growth also known as stunting and nutritional stunting, is a reduced growth rate in human development, characterized by a low height for one's age. It is a primary manifestation of malnutrition (or more precisely undernutrition) and recurrent infections, such as diarrhea and helminthiasis, in early childhood and even before birth, due to malnutrition during fetal development brought on by a malnourished mother. An estimated 162 million children under 5 years of age, or 25%, were stunted in 2012 (Source: Wikipedia).


Sub-Domain

A sub-domain is a domain that is part of a larger domain; the only domain that is not also a sub-domain is the root domain. For example, doit.wisc.edu and engr.wisc.edu are sub-domains of the wisc.edu domain.


Sub-recipient

UW-Madison Conflict of Interest Policy defines sub-recipient to mean an entity or individual named on a subcontract from UW-Madison on a federally-funded award or human subjects research protocol.


SUBCLINICAL

Without clinical manifestations; said of the early stages or a very mild form of a disease, e.g. subclinical disease, infection, parasitism, or when a disease is detectable by biological tests but not by a clinical examination.


Submit Administrative Hold Response

After a study has been approved with an administrative hold, study teams must resolve the conditions of this hold; this is done by submitting a response.  


Submit Changes

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to submit changes requested by the scientific review committee.


Submit Deferral Response

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to submit a deferral response to the IRB.  Once the PI or POC submits the deferral response, the submission transitions back to the IRB Pre-Review state.


Submit Issues Response

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to submit their response to issues sent by the IRB.  Once the PI or POC submits their response to issues, the submission transitions back to the IRB Pre-Review state.


Submit Modification Response

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to submit their modification response to the IRB.  Once the PI or POC submits their modification response, the submission transitions to the IRB Review of Modification Response state.


Submit Modification Review Notes

Review state to the IRB Review of Modification Response state once the assigned IRB member(s) has completed their review. 


Submit Request to Reopen

This is an activity in ARROW that allows a PI or POC to submit a request to reopen a study that is in the Study Completed state or in the Closed state.


Submit Study Completion Report

This is an activity in ARROW that allows a PI or POC to submit their study completion report.  This activity is available in the following states for an initial review: Approved, Exemption Granted, Expired.  The study then transitions to the Study Completed state.


Suspended

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been suspended.  Research teams can only submit a change of protocol in this state.  Once the IRB approves the change of protocol addressing the issues which resulted in the suspension, the IRB will then review the full study to determine if the suspension can be lifted and the study can be moved back to the approved state.   


Sustainability

Sustainability is a holistic concept that built on three inter-related pillars: environmental, social and economic. To be sustainable, any entrepreneurial activity must be economically viable, ecologically healthy and socially equitable. A universal definition of sustainability was given for the first time by the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) in the Brundtland report published under the auspices of the United Nations in 1987.


Sustainable Intensification

Narrowly defined, SI refers to increase food production from existing farmland in ways that place far less pressure on the environment and that do not undermine our capacity to continue producing food in the future. However, Garnett et al. (2013) added the following four premises underlying SI: (a) The need to increase production; (b) Increase production must be met through higher yields because increasing the area of land in agriculture carries major environmental costs; (c) Food security requires as much attention to increasing environmental sustainability as to raising productivity; and (d) SI denotes a goal but does not specify a priori how it should be attained or which agricultural techniques to deploy.


Synchronous

  1. Synchronous learning refers to a learning environment in which everyone takes part at the same time. Lecture is an example of synchronous learning in a face-to-face environment, where learners and teachers are all in the same place at the same time.


System Thinking

 A set of synergistic analytic skills used to improve the capability of identifying and understanding systems, predicting their behaviors, and devising modifications to them in order to produce desired effects (Arnold and Wade, 2015)


TANNIN

Highly complex phenolic compounds in plants that may play a role of defense again microorganisms and possible predators (the herbivores). Tannin binds and reduces the availability of proteins and carbohydrates to ruminal microbes.


Tape Bind

a type of binding that uses a strip of durable tape to hold a book together lines that indicate where to trim before a job goes on the collator or other binding equipment, by doing this it allows the operator to still see the trim marks for final trim


Technical Support

  1. The Technical Support Team is responsible for departmental desktop, laptop, and mobile device support. You can also contact them for help with local department systems, Box, Teams, USI, and Microsoft Office.


Teleconference

  1. A Teleconference is a conference with participants in different locations linked by telecommunications devices.


Temporary Appointment

An at-will position with no expectation of continued employment, capped at 1,044 hours worked in 26 consecutive bi-weekly payroll periods, nonexempt under the Fair Labor Standards Act, and lasting one year or less (based on the start date of the appointment).


Terminated

This is both a potential motion that can be made by the IRB upon review of a reportable event, as well as a state in ARROW.  Studies that are in the terminated state can be forwarded to the end state, Archive, by the IRB submission manager or will be automatically archived after 18 months. 


THYROID GLAND

A two-lobed gland located in the throat and secreting the hormone thyroxin, which regulates the iodine metabolism in the body.


TIMED ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION

Method of AI breeding in which the timing of artificial insemination (AI) is based on a hormonal protocol that synchronizes the timing of ovulation. This is in contrast to timing insemination based on direct or indirect detection of estrous behavior. Hormonal protocols for Timed AI were developed in 1995 and have been widely adopted by dairy producers for reproductive management.


Tints

a shade of a single color or combined colors


Total Mixed Ration (TMR)

Refers to the practice of loading pre-determined amounts of all feed ingredients and blending them in a mixer, followed by delivery to a group of cows, usually housed and managed in confinement. Typically a dairy nutrition consultant will make recommendations using least-cost ration formulation software to determine the amounts and type of feed to blend based on economic considerations (minimizing feed cost), while providing the lactating cows with all know nutrients required for health and high milk production performance.


TOTAL MIXED RATION (TMR)

Mixture of the forages, concentrates, minerals and vitamin supplements of a ration. The total mixed ration has the advantage of offering a balanced ration at each meal rather than on a 24 h basis.


Transportation Information Center (TIC)

  1. The Transportation Information Center (TIC) provides state and local municipalities with the resources and training required to manage their road systems. Training — from government and industry experts, engineering consultants, contractors, and highway and enforcement agency representatives — includes one-day workshops in several different locations around the state. Resources include videos, and online and printed manuals, bulletins, and Crossroads articles.

    The TIC is part of the
    National Local Technical Assistance Program Association (NLTAPA), as Wisconsin's LTAP center.


Trapping

used to expand the dominant ink to be printed larger-than the less-dominant ink, used to help tight registration on offset printing


TRYPSIN

Digestive enzyme secreted by the pancreas and responsible for the break down of peptide bonds of proteins. Some plants contain a trypsin inhibitor that prevent trypsin from functioning properly.


UNCS*

Special student classification: Capstone certificate students 
Capstone Certificates are typically a one-year collection of courses, a record of coherent academic accomplishment in a given discipline or set of related disciplines. Learn More.


UNDERFEEDING

Usually refers to feeding insufficient energy.


UNDS*

Special student classification: Professional or personal development
Non-degree seeking students, who wish to pursue coursework for professional development or personal enrichment (for those who have already earned an undergraduate degree). Visiting graduate students should use this classification . Learn More.


UNES*

Special student classification: Intensive English as a Second Language students 
Studying English as a second language full time at UW-Madison. Learn More.


UNHS*

Special student classification: High school students
Qualified high school juniors or seniors may apply to take one course each term through the Traditional, Youth Options, or Course Options Programs. Learn More.


Unique ID

A special index key typically used as one of the five customizable document keys. If used, this key will generate a unique string that will belong only to a single document. This field exists to ensure that individual documents stay separate from others and to easily locate/communicate information about a specific document.


UNIS*

Special student classification: International students on formal exchange program
Currently a student at a university abroad (that has a formal exchange agreement with UW-Madison), and you wish to attend UW-Madison for one or more terms. Learn More.


Unit of Mass in Metric System

1,000,000,000,000,000  1x1015 petagram (Pg) quadrillion  
1,000,000,000,000  (Million Metric Tons or Megatonnes)1x1012 teragram (Tg) trillion
 1,000,000,000  (Thousand Metric Tons) 1x109 gigagram (Gg) billion
 1,000,000  (Metric Ton) 1x106 megagram (Mg) million
 1,000   1x103 kilogram (Kg) thousand  
 100   1x102 hectogram (Hg) hundred  
 10   1x101 decagram (Dg) ten  
 1    gram    
   0.1 10-1 decigram (dg) tenth   
   0.01 10-2 centigram (cg) hundredth  
   0.001 10-3 milligram (mg) thousandth  
   0.000,001 10-6 microgram (µg) millionth  
   0.000,000,001 10-9 nanogram (ng) billionth  
   0.000,000,000,001 10-12 picogram (pg) trillionth  
   0.000,000,000,000,001 10-15 femtogram (fp) quadrillionth  


University Staff

University staff positions focus primarily on supporting education, research, and the campus infrastructure. If a position involves functions that are similar in nature to other positions in Wisconsin state government, the position is university staff. These positions include accountants, administrative support associates, nurses, microbiologists, and custodians.


SOURCE: Office of Human Resources


University Staff

  1. University Staff hold positions in virtually every unit on campus. The University Staff positions are quite varied and duties include, but are not limited to, administrative support, information technology, accounting, engineering, in addition to custodial, food service, and craftsworkers and contribute daily to the quality and reputation of a University recognized and respected around the world. 


UNOL*

Special student classification: Online only

The online-only University Special (nondegree) student classification (UNOL) is for students who are non-Wisconsin residents (classified as such for tuition purposes), not currently in a degree program at UW–Madison, and planning to enroll in stand-alone online courses for which they meet the prerequisites. For more information and further restrictions please see our UNOL webpage.

Undergraduates who are applying in the UNOL classification are required to submit official transcripts from all other colleges and universities to confirm good standing and a minimum GPA of 2.0 cumulative and in the most recent semester.

Qualified high school juniors and seniors who are applying in the UNOL classification are required to submit a high school transcript with a minimum high school GPA of 3.0 overall and in the most recent semester.


UNOS*

Special student classification: Others, one term only
Non-degree seeking students, one term as designated by ACSSS* academic advisor. Learn More.


UNPS*

Special student classification: Pre-selected by a department or program
Non-degree seeking students, pre-selected groups designated by ACSSS* academic advisor. 


UNRS*

Special student classification: Admission requirements for graduate or professional school

Students completing courses and/or other admission requirements for graduate or professional school.


UNSATURATED FAT

Fat containing fatty acids that can accept hydrogen atoms to saturate their structure (e.g., oleic, linoleic, linolenic and arachidonic acids).


UNVS*

Special student classification: Undergraduate visiting from another college/university
Undergraduate degree candidates (visitors) from other colleges and universities  


UREA [CO(NH2)2]

A nitrogen-containing organic compound found in urine and other body fluids. Urea is synthesized from ammonia and carbon dioxide. Urea can be used as fertilizer or as a source of nitrogen in the ration of ruminants.


UV Coating

protective liquid coating applied to printed sheets (similar to varnish), bonded and cured with ultra-violet (UV) light


UW–Madison Adjusted Continuous Service

All time employed by UW–Madison in either the Unclassified, Classified or University Staff service in a permanent capacity, adjusted for breaks in service, shall be counted in determining an employee’s length of continuous service. This excludes time served as a temporary or project employee.


Varnish

clear ink-like substance that is applied to printed surfaces for appearance and protection


Very Low Density Lipoprotein (VLDL)

Particles that carry cholesterol and fat throughout the bloodstream. These particles are released from the liver into the bloodstream. They are similar to chylomicrons which originate from the gut because they both carry cholesterol and triglycerides which are gradually released in the bloodstream to be absorbed by body cells along the way. In the process of losing triglycerides, the VLDLs grow smaller and turn into LDLs (Low Density Lipoprotein) which have lost all their triglycerides.


View Differences

This is an activity in ARROW that allows IRB staff, IRB members, and study teams to view differences between versions of the submitted smartform application.  For example, if a study team made changes to the initial review application as a result of IRB Pre-Review and submitted those change to the IRB, a new version of the application is tracked.  The study team and the IRB staff can easily view the differences between the old and new version of the application by using this activity button.


VITAMINS

Complex organic substances occurring naturally in plants and animal tissue and essential in small amounts for the proper functioning of numerous metabolic processes.


VOLUNTARY WAITING PERIOD

The number of days between calving and first attempt to breed a cow. A typical voluntary waiting period is 45 days. However, it may varies from less than 40 to 80 days depending on farmer’s preference and reproductive protocol in place on the farm.


Wasting

Wasting, also known as wasting syndrome, refers to the process by which a debilitating disease causes muscle and fat tissue to "waste" away leading to children of low weight for their height. Wasting is sometimes referred to as "acute malnutrition" because it is believed that episodes of wasting have a short duration, in contrast to stunting, which is regarded as chronic malnutrition (Source: Wikipedia).


Web Conference

  1. A Web Conference is a form of real-time communication in which multiple computer users, all connected via the Internet, see the same screen at the same time in their Web browsers. Some Web conferencing systems include features such as text chat, VoIP (voice over IP), whiteboard, and full-motion video. Can also be referred to as a Webinar.


Webinar

  1. A Webinar is a type of web conference that allow participants in different locations to see and hear the presenter, ask questions and generally interact by connecting over the Internet. The distinction between web conference, webcast and webinar is becoming particularly difficult to define as functionality and usage becomes more similar.


Wisc Account Administration Site

A web site that allows administrators and end users to manage accounts (NetID and departmental) that access Office 365, WiscMail, CloudFax, Box, Qualtrics, LastPass, and Google Apps.


With the grain

folding or feeding paper into the press or folder parallel to the grain of paper


Withdraw Change

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to withdraw a submitted change from the review process.  This activity moves the submission to the Withdrawn state at which time the PI or POC can send the submission back to Pre-Submission or archive it.


Withdraw Continuing Review

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to withdraw a submitted continuing review from the review process.  This activity moves the submission to the Withdrawn state at which time the PI or POC can send the submission back to Pre-Submission or archive it.


Withdraw Reportable Event

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to withdraw a submitted continuing review from the review process.  This activity moves the submission to the Withdrawn state at which time the PI or POC can send the submission back to Pre-Submission.


Withdrawn

This is a state in ARROW.  Submissions in this state have been withdrawn by the PI or POC.  Submissions in this state can be sent back to Pre-Submission or Archived by the PI or POC.


Work and tumble

using the same plate and same guide, printing one side of a sheet, and flipping it from gripper to tail to print on the back of the sheet. Similar to perfecting but 2 passes


Work and turn

using the same plate and common guide, printing one side of a sheet, and flipping it from left to right to print on the back of the sheet