A-basis

Salary rate computed on a twelve-month, annual basis.


Abomasum

The fourth digestive chamber of the digestive system of most ruminants. The abomasum is located after the forestomachs (rumen, reticulum and omasum) and before the first segment of the small intestine (i.e., the duodenum); It is sometimes referred to as the "true" stomach because of its acid-secreting ability, which is found in most other mammalian species.


Academic Staff

Professional and administrative personnel with 1) Duties that are exempt from the overtime provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA); and 2) Perform work that is primarily associated with higher education institutions or their administration.


Academic Staff

  1. Academic Staff are respected professionals who hold positions in virtually every unit on campus. These positions are either unique to higher education and/or provide direct support for academic programming and/or develop and implement policies at UW-Madison. The academic staff contribute daily to the quality and reputation of a University recognized and respected around the world. Learn more


Academic Staff

Academic Staff: a professional and administrative employee other than faculty with duties and types of appointments that are primarily associated with higher education institutions or their administration.  Each academic staff has a principal role related to research, teaching, outreach, student services, information technology, libraries, communications, clinical/health services, or other responsibilities. 


Account Consolidation

The process of combining multiple accounts into a single account during the transition to Office 365.


Achievement Test

 Test designed to evaluate mastery of a given body of material. Grades are generally based on achievement tests. The SAT (Stanford Achievement Tests) is an example of an achievement test. See also Aptitude Test


Acidosis (rumen)

Condition characterized by a low rumen pH (below 6). The normal rumen function are impeded usually because too much concentrates were fed.


ACSSS*

Adult Career Special Student Services:  
Admissions, advising, and academic deans office for 4,500 UW-Madison University Special Students. Provides comprehensive assistance for returning adult degree students, career assessment and help with career transitions. Learn More.


Administrative Contact

An organization's administrative point of contact, responsible for assigning staff time to the Office 365 transition. Communicates with the Office 365 Team and their organization's leadership.


Administrative Limited Appointment

A leadership role such as dean or associate dean that falls into the employee category of Limited. A Limited appointee serves at the discretion of the appointing authority.


Against the grain

at right angles to direction of paper grain. Opposite of paper grain direction


Alternate Address

In Microsoft 365, an alternate address is any email address associated with a NetID@wisc.edu or service account (something@domain.wisc.edu). Any NetID or Service account may have any number of email addresses associated with it. These email addresses includes, but is not limited to, previous alias/alternates accounts and/or user/role/service accounts that have been consolidated with the NetID. A message destined to any of the alternate addresses will be delivered to the main address on the account (NetID@wisc.edu or something_domain@wisc.edu).


ANABOLISM:

The part of the metabolism in which metabolites are used in the growth and repair of body tissues.


Annotations

In Perceptive Content imaging software, annotations are used to mark up and add comments to a document without affecting the original image. Annotations enable you to select, add notes to, or even block out parts of a document. The file types that support annotations are: TIFF (.tif), JPEG (.jpg), Bitmap (.bmp), GIF (.gif), and PNG (.png).


Approved with Administrative Hold

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in the Approved with Administrative Hold state have been reviewed and approved by the IRB; however, additional administrative documentation is required before final approval is granted (e.g. submission of a Certificate of Confidentiality). 


Aptitude Test

 Test designed to predict how well students are likely to perform in some subsequent educational setting. The most common examples of aptitude tests are teh SAT-I and the ACT, both of which attempt to forecast how well high school students will perform in college. See also Achievement Test.


ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION

Reproductive procedure by which semen previously collected from sires, packaged in “straws” and frozen in liquid nitrogen is thawed and manually deposited in the uterus of a cow in estrus, in the hope of conception. Artificial insemination is a technology that allows for genetic improvement based on selection and use of superior sires.(see also Timed Artificial Insemination).


AS-IS BASIS

A method of expressing the concentration of a nutrient in a feed. For example, a feed containing 12% crude protein on a dry matter basis contains 12 g of protein for each 100 g of feed "as-is" (or "fresh"). When feed ingredients are added to a mixer, they are weighted on an "as-is" of "fresh" basis. See also "Dry Matter Basis.


ASH

(see minerals)


ASPP

Academic Staff Policies and Procedures.  For more information, visit the Secretary of Academic Staff website: http://acstaff.wisc.edu/resources/policies-and-procedures


ASSA

  1. ASSA (Academic Support Service Agreement) is any instructional or professional consulting service, provided by an individual or company that is unique (sole source) and is specifically related to the University's mission of education, research, or public service. This document is completed by UW Purchasing. Payment to an EPD speaker with an ASSA cannot be completed until the ASSA is fully executed by UW Purchasing. An ASSA is required if the speaker is being paid more than $5,000 over a 12 month period of time.


Assessment

 1. Evaluation of student performance. 2. A component of the instructional environment that provides feedback which can be used to improve teaching and enhance learning. Assessment activities ought to help us improve the learning experience and validate what appears to be working successfully. Assessments activities are often categorized as "formative" or "summative".


Assigned to IRB Meeting

This is a state in ARROW. Studies in this state have been assigned to an upcoming meeting by either the IRB staff reviewer or the IRB submission manager.  In this state, the IRB staff reviewer can record the IRB meeting decision and draft meeting minutes.


Asynchronous

  1. Asynchronous learning is a student-centered teaching method that uses online learning resources to facilitate instruction that is not being delivered in person or in real time.  Discussion forums and recorded lectures are examples of asynchronous components in an online course.


Authors

A KB user who may edit documents. Authors may or may not be able to publish documents and all follow their KB Group's agreed upon document workflow.


Autodiscover

Exchange Autodiscover is a web service that helps Microsoft Exchange administrators configure user profile settings for clients running Outlook Enterprise/Subscription/2019/2016. It allows users to easily configure their email client knowing only their email address and password.


Awaiting Correspondence

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have undergone IRB review, a meeting decision has been recorded and the IRB staff can draft correspondence for the study team. 


Awaiting Scientific Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been triaged by the IRB and determined to require scientific review.  In this state, the Scientific Review Committee (e.g. CTRC PIR, SRC, PRMC) will review the study and indicate the outcome of their review.   


Base-Building Adjustment

A salary increase (may be temporary or permanent).


Batches

Documents are scanned in batches which are placed into the batches view of Perceptive Content. Once in the batches view, the batches undergo processing which includes separation into individual documents and quality assurance.


Bleeds

printed image that extends beyond trim marks, so finished product does not have a white border (generally 1/8" is the setting for bleed)


Blue-Collar Multi-Shift

University Staff titles that are in pay schedule 03 (e.g., custodian, food service assistant, food retail/catering leader and food production assistant) and in multiple-shift environments (e.g., first shift, second shift and third shift).


BROWSE

The part of leaf and twig growth of shrubs, woody vines, and trees that is available for animal consumption.


Budget (Program) Decision

The reallocation or termination of resources by a university management decision that may result in staffing reductions in a program or operational area.


Business Insight

A tool integrated into the Imaging Service that can be used to run reports against data; often used to check user/group permissions.


C-basis

Salary rate computed on a nine-month, academic year basis.


CASI

Committee on Academic Staff Issues; these committees have been established in each school and college to advise Deans on policies and procedures, promotional opportunities, participation in department governance, and performance recognition for academic staff.


CATABOLISM

The part of the metabolism in which metabolites are oxidized for the production of work and heat.


CATALYST

A substance present in small amounts that increases the rate of chemical or biochemical reactions without being consumed in the process.


Categories

Is a feature in Outlook and Outlook on the web that allows you to assign a keyword or phrase (and color) to help you keep track of items/events. Using this feature you can easily find, sort, filter, or group different items/events that are located across your different folders/calendars.


CELLULOSE (C6H10O5)n:

A polymer - long chain- of glucose units. Cellulose is the most abundant organic matter in the world. It is a major component of plant cell wall. Ruminant can use cellulose as an energy source because of fermentation by bacteria in the rumen.


Certify Not Human Subjects Research

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB staff reviewer to certify that an application does not constitute human subjects research.  This activity occurs in the Pre-review state.


Changes Requested - Scientific Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have undergone scientific review and changes were requested by the scientific review committee.  In this state, the study team can either 1) respond to the committee request so that it returns to the Awaiting Scientific Review state for additional review, or 2) withdraw the application. 


City of Madison Living Wage

110% of the Federal poverty rate for a family of four.


Civil Service System

A hiring process that incorporates merit selection principles including objective criteria to evaluate job applicants and make hiring decisions.


Closed

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been closed by the IRB after the investigator has submitted a study completion report. 


Cloud Service

Services made available to users on demand via the Internet from a cloud computing provider's servers as opposed to being provided from a company's own on-premises servers. Cloud services are designed to provide easy, scalable access to applications, resources and services, and are fully managed by a cloud services provider.


Collaboration Space

Collaboration Space is a type of notebook in Office 365's Class Notebook app. It is a notebook for all students and the teacher in the class to share, organize, and collaborate.


COLOSTRUM

The thick and yellowish secretion collected from the mammary gland at the first milking after calving. The colostrum is low in lactose but normally high in total solid (24%). It is rich in fat, proteins and antibodies that help the new born calf to fight infectious diseases. The secretion collected from the second to the eighth milking is referred to as "transition milk" because of it intermediate composition between colostrum and whole milk.


Compensatory Time

Paid time off the job which is earned and accrued by an employee instead of immediate cash payment for overtime. Compensatory time may be used instead of vacation balance.


Concurrent Appointments

When a temporary employee works two or more TE appointments at the same time.


Consecutive Appointments

When a temporary employee works two or more TE appointments back-to-back.


Consultant Review

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB staff reviewer to document nature of the consult and any relevant information about the outcome of the consult.


Contact Group/List

A contact group/list is a personal group which is stored in your Contacts folder and can contain entries from your personal Contacts and from the Global Address List (GAL).


Continuous Employment

Employment in a leave-earning position within the University of Wisconsin System or the State of Wisconsin that has not experienced a break in service longer than the reinstatement period for the applicable employment category. Continuous employment will be counted in determining an employee’s length of continuous service.


Continuous Service

All the time in a position with a State of Wisconsin agency as defined in Wis. Admin. Code § ER 18.01(3) or with the UW System in a position with an expectation for continued service, adjusted for any breaks in service. Continuous service at the University of Wisconsin System does not include time served in positions that are ineligible for leave per UW–Madison Campus-wide Operational Policy: Sick Leave.


Copy Reportable Event to Other Study

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to copy a reportable event application to another study.  For example, if a reportable event affects several studies open by the PI, the PI only needs to fill out the RE application one time and then copy it to the other affected studies.


Correspondence Prepared

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB floater to confirm that correspondence they've drafted is ready for review by the IRB staff reviewer.


Count Sheep

Midnight test. Lamb. Some text here.


Course Number

  1. The Course Number is another way of referring to an Instance Number [KB Instance Number], or an unique identifier that refers to a specific offering of a course.


Course Planning Group (CPG)

  • The Course Planning Group (CPG) is a cross functional team within Education Support Services (ESS) which offers support in professional development course instruction and logistical coordination.


Crafts Worker

A UW–Madison employee who is a skilled journeyman Crafts Worker, including apprentices and helpers. The classification does not include employees who are not in direct line of progression in the craft.


Crafts Worker Supervisor

Position that supervises Crafts Workers.


Creditable Service

The amount of service an employee is granted under the Wisconsin Retirement System based on the number of hours worked in a year and the employee’s WRS employment category.


Crop marks

printed lines showing where to trim a printed sheet


Custom Properties

Additional fields that can be used to describe a document. Custom properties are associated with Doctypes. The number of custom properties is not limited.


Customer's Originals

print ready copy


Densitometer

a quality control device to measure the density of printing ink


Density

the degree of color or darkness of an image or photograph


DENSITY

A measure of the concentration of matter per unit of volume (e.g., g/l or kg/m3)


Deny Request to Reactivate

This is an activity in ARROW in which the IRB submission manager can deny a study team's request to reactivate a submission that was previously withdrawn by the IRB (e.g. due to lack of submission of a continuing review for a study that has an expired IRB approval).  Execution of this activity will result in email notification to the study team that the request to reactivate has been denied and the study team will need to start the submission process over.


Deny Request to Reopen

This is an activity in ARROW in which the IRB submission manager can deny a study team's request to reopen a submission that was reported by the study team as completed or is in the closed state. 


DIGESTA

The mixture of digestive secretion, bacterial population and feeds undergoing digestion in the gastro-intestinal tract (such as rumen content).


DIGESTIBILITY (Coefficient of)

A measure of the proportion of a feed that is digestible. The digestibility of a nutrient is often measured as the difference between the amount of nutrient ingested minus the amount of nutrient excreted in the feces, expressed as a percentage of the nutrient ingested: 100 x (intake - excreted)/intake.


Distance Degree

  1. A Distance Degree is an Online Masters Degree. For a complete listing of degrees, visit https://epd.wisc.edu/online-degrees/


Division

A UW–Madison college, school or equivalent organizational unit.


Document Keys

Values set that define and describe a document. There are seven for campus’ implementation of ImageNow: Drawer, Doctype, and five optionable/customizable keys. Discrete documents cannot have the same value for all of the key(s) otherwise they will be considered the same document and effectively merged.


Double-sided

see duplex category


DRY MATTER BASIS

A method of expressing the concentration of a nutrient in a feed. For example, a feed containing 12% crude protein on a dry matter basis contains 12 g of protein for each 100 g of feed dry matter


DS

double-sided (see duplex category)


ECMS

Enterprise Content Management Service. Another name for the DoIT service which makes Perceptive Content available to the UW-Madison campus. Former product name was ImageNow, or "Imaging".


Ecosystem Service

Benefits people derive from ecosystem. Ecosystem services are typically grouped in four broad categories: provisioning, such as the production of food and water; regulating, such as the control of climate and disease; supporting, such as nutrient cycles and crop pollination; and cultural, such as spiritual and recreational benefits. (Source: Wikipedia)


Elastic (goods and services)

Elastic goods and services generally have plenty of substitutes. Inelastic goods have fewer substitutes and price change doesn't affect quantity demanded as much. Some inelastic goods include gas, electricity, water, drinks, clothing, tobacco, food, and oil.


Email Address

An email address identifies the account that messages should be delivered (e.g., bbadger@wisc.edu). An account can have multiple email addresses. Each account in Microsoft 365 has only one primary address, but an account can have multiple alternate addresses. An account will accept email for any email address on the account.


Emeritus Staff

  1. Emeritus Staff The status of Emeritus/Emerita is an honorary title conferred upon individuals who have had permanent employment at UW-Madison, are 55 years of age or older, and have completed a minimum of ten years of distinguished service. 


Employee of the Board of Regents

All employees of UW–Madison (including University Staff). Prior to July 1 2015, classified employees were under the provisions of Wis. Stat. Chapter 230 and were still limited to the $12,000 statutory cap.


ENDOSPERM

The nutritive tissue of a plant seed, surrounding and absorbed by the embryo.


ENERGY DENSITY

A measure of the concentration of energy in a feed or a ration usually expressed as a unit of energy (megacalorie or megajoule) per lb of dry matter or per kg of dry matter.


EPD Academic Staff Committee

  1. EPD Academic Staff Committee This committee assists department academic staff with information about academic staff governance and promotions. They are also connected with the college-wide CASI: Committee on Academic Staff Issues which advises the College of Engineering dean on academic staff policy and procedure formulation, review and development, in compliance with campus policies and procedures.


Epistemology

The theory of knowledge, especially with regard to its methods, validity, and scope. Epistemology is the investigation of what distinguishes justified belief from opinion (Wikipedia).


Exchange ActiveSync Protocol

Exchange ActiveSync (also known as EAS) is a communications protocol designed for the synchronization of email, contacts, calendar, tasks, and notes from a messaging server to a smartphone or other mobile devices. The protocol also provides mobile device management and policy controls.


Exempt Staff

Staff who are not subject to the overtime pay or compensatory time off provisions of federal and state wage laws.


Extraordinary Salary Range (ESR)

An approved salary range that is greater than the assigned range for the title. An ESR is associated with one of the following 1) An incumbent position, 2) A title (e.g., clinical anesthetist), or 3) A portion of a title series (e.g., nurse practitioners, within the clinical nurse specialist series).


Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)

A federal law that establishes labor standards for public and private sector employees. It is enforced by the Wage and Hour Division of the U.S. Department of Labor.


FALSE NEGATIVE

An animal that tests as negative but who is actually positive. The percent of false negative for a test can be calculated as 100 – SENSITIVITY.


FALSE POSITIVE

An animal that tests as positive but who is actually negative. The percent of false positive for a test can be calculated as 100 – SPECIFICITY.


FCOI (Financial Conflict of Interest)

A Financial Conflict of Interest (FCOI) is a significant financial interest in an entity that could directly and significantly affect the design, conduct, or reporting of federally-funded or human subjects research.


FCS

FCS is a term for fold / collate / staple — the act of saddle stitching a booklet.


FETUS

The unborn young.


FIBROUS CARBOHYDRATE

Hemicellulose and cellulose that can be quantify by the neutral detergent fiber procedure.


Flush cut

cut to the edge


Food Desert

This term was defined by Congress in 2008 as an area in the USA with limited access to affordable and nutritious food, particularly such an area composed of predominantly lower income neighborhoods and communities


Food Insecurity

The USDA Economic Research Service (ERS) defines food insecurity as a household characteristic. Food insecure households are those for which “consistent access to adequate food is limited by a lack of money and other resources at times during the year” (See more at: USDA-ERS).


Food Insecurity

The state of being without reliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious food. During the first decade of this century, more than 800 million people live every day with hunger or food insecurity as their constant companion (see also National Academy of Science definitions).


Food Loss

Food losses refer to the decrease in edible food mass throughout the part of the supply chain that specifically leads to edible food for human consumption. Food losses take place at production, post-harvest and processing stages in the food supply chain. Food losses occurring at the end of the food chain (retail and final consumption) are rather called “food waste”, which relates to retailers’ and consumers’ behavior.


Food Security

Food security exists “when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life.” According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the three pillars of food security are: availability, access and (safe) utilization. In addition you can learn about the four dimensions of food insecurity at the FAO website.


Food Waste

Food waste is a component of food loss and occurs when an edible item goes unconsumed as a result of human action or inaction, such as food discarded by retailers as a result of appearance or plate waste by consumers.


Free/Busy

Free/busy is a determination of whether there is a calendar event in a given time slot. Free designates time slots without events and busy designates time slots that are taken up in a person's calendar. Any account within Microsoft 365 will have the ability to view free/busy information against any other Office 365 account. Note: an event can be set to show as busy or free.


FRUCTANS

Is a polymer of fructose molecules generally, but not always, found as "carbohydrate storage in cool season grasses (C3 plants). Tall fescue and perennial ryegrass tend to have the highest levels of fructans when compared to other grasses under the same conditions. Fructan is stored in vacuoles inside cells throughout the plant where it is readily available as needed. In some species of grass the lower part of the stem is a carbohydrate storage organ.


FRUCTOSE (C6H12O6)

A sweet sugar occurring in many fruits and honey.


Full Mailbox Permissions

Full mailbox permissions can be assigned between any two accounts within UW-Madison's Office 365 environment.

What can I do with full mailbox permissions? What can't I do with full mailbox permissions?
  • Create email drafts
  • Send calendar invites
  • Create events
  • Delete emails
  • Read emails
  • Send emails *

* To send emails, you will either need 'send as' or 'send on-behalf' of permissions.

Note: Service accounts have the capability of having delegates linked to them. If linking is used, the delegate will automatically be assigned 'full mailbox' and 'send as' permissions.

See how to manage full mailbox permissions for an account for further details.


GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT

The stomach and the intestine as a functional unit.


Global Address List (GAL)

The Global Address List (GAL) is the address look up feature in Office 365. It contains email addresses for individuals and resources, excluding those that are hidden. Office 365 uses the Global Address List to supply email addresses when you are composing a message or inviting individuals to meetings.


Gloss finish

shiny, reflective, smooth finish on paper or laminate


GLUCOSE: (C6H12O6)

A six carbon sugar which is the building block of starch and cellulose. Glucose is rapidly fermented into volatile fatty acids by ruminal bacteria.


GRASS

Any of the numerous plants of the family gramineae, characteristically having narrow leaves and hollow, jointed stems (e.g., orchardgrass, ryegrass, bromegrass).


Greenhouse Gas (GHG)

Any of the atmospheric gases, both natural and anthropogenic, that contribute to the greenhouse effect by absorbing infrared radiation produced by solar warming of the Earth's surface. Water vapor (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (NO2) and ozone (O3) are the primary greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.


Greenhouse Gas Effect

Heat trapping effect of greenhouse gases in the troposphere (lowest portion of the earth's atmosphere)


Grippers

metal fingers on a printing press that hold the paper as it passes through the press, the image is registered in relation to the gripper. Similar to sideguide


H-basis

Paid bi-weekly for hours worked per pay period in calendar year.


HEMICELLULOSE

A type of carbohydrate similar to cellulose except that it contain not only glucose but also other 6 carbon sugars and also 5 carbon sugars.


Heuristic

Enabling a person to discover or learn something for themselves. Techniques, activities or lessons that allow someone to discover something for himself or by finding solutions through experiments or loosely defined rules.


Hide/Show Errors

The Hide/Show Errors link appears at the top of each application form. This link checks the submission for any required questions that are not answered.


Hiring Administrator

A person who is responsible for ensuring the recruitment, assessment and selection process for a particular vacancy is completed in accordance with established policies. A supervisor, unit human resource (HR) representative, or designee may serve as the hiring administrator and delegate different aspects of the search process. The hiring administrator continues to be responsible for the process, regardless of delegation.


Hold for Scheduling: Ancillary Committee Review Pending

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state cannot be scheduled for an IRB meeting until the Ancillary Committee Review decision has been entered into the system.


Hold IRB Review - Submission of Reportable Event Pending

This is a state in ARROW.  In this state, continuing and change applications are being held until a reportable event has been submitted by the study team.  Once the reportable event has been submitted, the continuing or change will transition back to the pre-review state.


Hours Worked

All time during which an employee is required or permitted to work, or to wait for work, when the employee is unable to use the working or waiting time effectively for his or her own purpose.


Human Resources

  1. Human Resources handles payroll, benefits, payroll funding information, recruiting, reclassifications and promotions, retirements, emeritus appointments, HR concerns.


Human Subjects Research

For information on human subjects research, please see the Institutional Review Board's website.


HUSK

Outer envelop, usually green, of fruits and seeds, as around an ear of corn (syn hull).


HYDROLYSIS

Decomposition of a chemical compound by reaction with water.


Imposition

the arrangement of pages on a press sheet, or, the arrangement of fields on a document


Impression

putting an image on paper


Industrial Refrigeration Center (IRC)

  • The Industrial Refrigeration Consortium (IRC) is a collaborative effort between the University of Wisconsin-Madison and industry. They work to improve the safety, efficiency, and productivity of industrial refrigeration systems and technologies, realizing this goal by conducting applied research, delivering knowledge transfer, and providing technical assistance. Although efforts are focused on industrial refrigeration systems that utilize anhydrous ammonia, they also work with systems that use other refrigerants.

    The IRC offers a unique combination of complementary resources that include academic qualifications, technical expertise, and practical experience. They provide objective information that is not biased by an affiliation with any particular organization.


INFLORESCENCE

The arrangement of flowers on a stalk that characterizes a plant species.


Instance Number

  1. Instance Number, which can be viewed in ET, is a unique ET Number assigned to a unique offering of a course being held over specific dates in a specific location. See also: Program Number [KB Program Number]


Institution

[Noun]

1:  From institutional economics:  Economic institutions include norms (uncodified social rules), laws, and property relations (such as private property or communal property).  

2:  From sociology:  Social institutions are established or standardized patterns of rule-governed behavior. They include the family, education, religion, and economic and political institutions.  The also include the nested systems of relationships, processes, beliefs, practices, arrangements, expectations, and incentives that constitute these higher-order institutions.
See Topics in Sociology for more information, examples, and interesting food for thought.

3:  A large organization that has a particular kind of work or purpose.
      (e.g., financial/educational/research etc. institution)
      ...The food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the IPCC, the World Bank, central banks in general.

Other definitions (not necessarily used in this class):

4:  A building that people are sent to when they need to be looked after, for example old people or children with no parents - often used to show disapproval:  I was determined not to put my mother in an institution.
 
5:  When something is started or introduced in society, especially something relating to the law or politics:  The institution of divorce proceedings

6:  To be an institution:  if a person, place, event, etc. is an institution, they have been an important part of a place for a very long time - often used humorously:  The British pub isn't just somewhere to drink - it's an institution.





Institutional Responsibilities

Institutional Responsibilities are an investigator's professional duties on behalf of the UW-Madison, which may include; research, research consultation, instruction, professional practice, extension/outreach, administrative activities and institutional committee memberships.


INTERNATIONAL UNITS (IU)

A unit of measurement of the amount of biologically active vitamin in a feed or required in a diet.


InterPro Customer Service

  1. InterPro Customer Service is responsible for handling emails from customers.


IRB Administrative Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state will undergo administrative review by the IRB submission manager in order to determine appropriate IRB and staff reviewer assignment.  In this state, the IRB submission manager can also send administrative issues to the study team. 


IRB Close Study

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB staff reviewer to close a study in the approved state once the study team has submitted a study completion report.


IRB Review of Modification Response

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state were previously reviewed by the IRB and modifications were requested.  The response from the study team requires review by the IRB to determine whether the study team has adequately addressed the IRB's requests.  In this state, the IRB staff reviewer can send the modification response to an IRB member or schedule it for review at a full meeting.


iScript

A derivative of Visual Basic and Java; proprietary scripting language of Perceptive Software that automates business logic. Used in workflow queues.


KETOSIS

A condition characterized by a lack of appetite, especially for concentrates and an abnormally high concentration of ketone bodies (e.g., acetone, hydroxy-butyrate) in the blood. Ketosis or acetonemia occurs when the cow mobilizes large amounts of body reserves in early lactation.


L&S Department ID/UDDS

A Department ID is the sequence of numbers that identifies a specific campus department, program, or entity. Historically, the Department ID was known as a "UDDS," which stands for "Unit, Division, Department, Subdepartment." This term is still in use in some resources, so we are including it in this glossary listing.

In more practical terms, a Department ID/UDDS is the unique combination of letters and numbers that identify the division, department, and possibly subdepartment, associated with a particular personnel, research, financial, or other activity or transaction.

EXAMPLE:  The full Department ID for a particular Letters & Science Department would be written as : 48XXXX.

"48" stands for "College of Letters & Science"

"XXXX" are the four numbers that identify the specific department, program, project, or other administrative entity.

A list of Letters & Science Department ID/UDDS numbers can be found at:

UW Madison Coding Information Dept ID

Click on the link and you will be directed to the Accounting Services web site.  Click on the Coding link on the left side of the screen.  Click on the Organization/Dept ID.  When the excel list opens click on A48 to find a list of all Letters & Science Departments and descriptions. 

UDDS Look Up Tool


L&S Majors, Certificates, and Degrees

The official lists of majors, certificates, and degrees offered in Letters & Science are available on-line:

  • The Guide provides a comprehensive list of undergraduate majors, special degree programs, certificates, and concentrations organized by the respective school or college that offers the academic program.
  • The Guide also provides a comprehensive list of graduate degrees, minors, and certificates. The information is organized alphabetically for all university programs.


LACTOSE

A disaccharide composed of a unit of glucose and a unit of galactose. Also known as milk sugar, lactose is produced commercially from whey.


LAMINITIS

Inflammation of the sensitive vascular tissue of the hoof.


Layoff Status

The period starting with the effective date of the layoff and ending with the revocation of the employee’s mandatory placement rights or upon reemployment at UW–Madison.


Leadership Team

  1. The Leadership Team provides necessary support to enable the efficient execution of InterPro's overall operation.  The Leadership Team functions to ensure strong lines of communication between each sub-unit, encouraging alignment to InterPro's mission, pursuit of its vision, and overall effectiveness of execution.


Learning Design and Technologies (LDT)

  1. The Learning Design and Technologies (LDT) team provides effective support, consultation, strategic planning, and leadership in all current and emerging areas of teaching, learning, and technologies. Their work supports faculty, staff and students, and includes all phases of instructional design, development, and evaluation.

    They are dedicated to providing high quality learning experiences; empowering stakeholders with effective best practices, technologies, support and consultation; building constructive partnerships with UW-Madison campus units; and sustaining a strong record of scholarly activity through research and conferences in order to stay informed of emerging areas that drive educational innovation.


LearnModes

A special type of application plan that can interface with Windows programs outside of Perceptive Content and pull information from them. The information can then be mapped to document keys.


Life Cycle Assessment

LCA addresses the environmental aspects and potential environmental impacts (e.g. use of resources and the environmental consequences of releases) throughout a product's life cycle from raw material acquisition through production, use, end-of-life treatment, recycling and final disposal (i.e. cradle-to-grave). There are four phases in an LCA study: a) the goal and scope definition phase, b) the inventory analysis phase, c) the impact assessment phase, and d) the interpretation phase (ISO 2006).


LIMESTONE

A sedimentary rock, chiefly calcium carbonate (CaCO3), containing variable amounts of magnesium. It is used as building stone, but also as a source of calcium in ration of animals.


Linked Accounts

A linked account is an account that your NetID has been provided access to. For example, after entering your NetID login credentials at the NetID login screen, you will have the option of logging into your primary mailbox or any other mailboxes (accounts) that have been linked to your NetID, such as a departmental account. A NetID can be "linked" to any number of other accounts, simplifying the login process for users and providing much needed affiliation between accounts. Linked access to an account also provides other privileges such as consolidating in preparation for the migration to Office 365.

Instructions for linking an Office 365 service account to your NetID are available here.


LIPASE

An enzyme that breaks down fat.


LIPOPROTEINS

Protein coated packages that transport fats in the bloodstream


LMS

  1. learning management system (LMS) is a software application or Web-based technology used to plan, implement, and assess a specific learning process. Typically, a learning management system provides an instructor with a way to create and deliver content, monitor student participation, and assess student performance.


Lump-Sum Payment

A one-time payment to an employee that does not increase the employee's salary.


LYSINE

One of the 20 amino acids constituting the building blocks of proteins. Animals have a high requirement for lysine, and it is often deficient in proteins of plants.


MAINTENANCE (state)

A physiological state in which the animal is neither gaining nor losing weight, performing work or expending nutrients for any type of production.


MAMMALS

A class of vertebrate animals distinguished by self-regulating body temperature, hair, and in the female (a) milk producing gland(s).


Management Console

A major component of Perceptive Content that allows users with appropriate permissions to manage many aspects of Perceptive Content including drawers, doctypes, application plans, etc.


Marketing Message

  1. Marketing Message is content within promotional material that is designed to inform the reader about what to expect and why they should attend a course. Examples of Marketing Message content include: target audience, attending benefits, course content, and testimonials. It is often reviewed and updated with input from both the Program Director and/or Program Associate and the EPD Marketing team. It does not include administrative/logistical information.


MASTICATION

To grind or crush (food) with or as if with the teeth to prepare it for swallowing and digestion (Syn: Chew).


MASTITIS

An infammation of the udder (often caused by a microbial infection) resulting in pain and the secretion of milk with a high count of white blood cells (referred to as somatic cell count).


Matte finish

dull paper, ink, or laminate finish


MEAN (Statistics)

The mean of a normal distribution is the most likely value (the value that has the lowest probability of being "wrong"). The mean is the best measure of central tendency of a normal distribution. With a normal distribution, approximately one-half of the samples have values lower than the mean and one-half have values higher than the mean.


METABOLISM

Refers to all of the changes that nutrients undergo after they are absorbed from the digestive tract. Metabolism is divided into anabolism and catabolism.


METRITIS

Inflammation of the uterus.


MICROORGANISM

(see Microbe).


Microsoft 365 (Email and Calendaring System)

Office 365 is a cloud-based service provided by Microsoft. To see what features are available in UW-Madison's implementation, check here: Microsoft 365 - What features are included in Microsoft 365?


Microsoft 365 Account

The location in the Office 365 system where your email, calendar, task list, and address book are stored. Each Office 365 account has one primary address, but can have many alternate addresses.


Microsoft 365 Transition Website

Located at 365transition.wisc.edu, the Office 365 Transition Website is the first stop for those who are interested to know more about the transition. It provides general info on everything from the project history and the business case to the Office 365 Team roster and announcements to campus.


Microsoft 365 Video

Office 365 Video is an intranet website portal where people can post and view videos. It's a streaming video service that's available with SharePoint Online in Office 365. It's a great place to share videos of executive communications or recordings of classes, meetings, presentations, or training sessions, for example. Office 365 Video displays a thumbnail image of each video on the site. You just select a thumbnail to view a particular video.


Modfications Requested

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have gone to an IRB meeting and IRB modifications have been sent to the study team.  Study teams must submit a response to the modifications before the study can move on from this state.


MONOGASTRIC

Having one digestive cavity (i.e., one stomach).


MULTIPAROUS (cow)

A cow that has given birth more than once.


Non-Service Related Appointment

Income with no work requirement; related to a non-service appointment (e.g. Fellow, Scholar, Trainee). Payment of the funds is not dependent on work or service to the university performed by the recipient.


NON-STRUCTURAL CARBOHYDRATE

(see non-fiber carbohydrate).


Nonexempt Staff

Staff eligible for overtime pay or compensatory time off according to federal and state law.


Nonexempt Staff

Staff eligible for overtime pay or compensatory time off according to federal and state law.


Nonexempt Supervisor

An employee who is responsible for supervising two or more FTEs but is not exempt from the overtime provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as indicated in the employee’s position description.


OBESE

extremely fat.


Occasional (Sporadic)

Work that is infrequent, irregular or occurring in scattered instances, even when it recurs seasonally. However, work that recurs every other week is not occasional or sporadic.


Offline Data File (OST)

Typically, when you use a Microsoft Exchange Server account (Office 365 account), your email messages, calendar, and other items are delivered to and saved on the server. You can configure Outlook to keep a local copy of your items on your computer in an Outlook data file that is named an offline Outlook Data File (.ost). This allows you to use Cached Exchange Mode or to work offline when a connection to the Office 365 (Exchange) computer may not be possible or wanted. The .ost file is synchronized with the Office 365 (Exchange) computer when a connection is available.


Offset Paper

term for uncoated paper


Offsetting

using an intermediate surface to transfer ink. This also occurs when images of freshly printed sheets transfer images to each other


OMASUM

The third stomach of a ruminant between the reticulum and the abomasum. It is characterized by the presence of muscular leaves that may have an absorptive function.


OneDrive for Business

OneDrive for Business is Office 365's file hosting service. It allows users to upload and sync files to a cloud storage and then access them from a web browser or their local device.


OneNote Class Notebook

The OneNote Class Notebook is an Office 365 app that helps instructors set up OneNote in their class. This app will create a class notebook, which includes three types of sub-notebooks: Student Notebooks, Content Library, and Collaboration Space.


Online Support

  1. Online Support offers support for Canvas, Web Conferencing software (Zoom), screen-casting software, Box used in online courses, CAE Software Troubleshooting, Campus Software Library troubleshooting outside of departmental desktop support.


ORTS

This is a German word that refers to leftovers of a meal. In dairy nutrition the orts is the amount of feed refused from a daily offering. In dairy nutrition research, orts must be sampled and analyzed in order to calculate with precision the consumption of dry matter and nutrients by the cow. Orts expressed as a percent of dry matter offered is a criteria to determine whether an animal was fed ad libitum (Syn: refusals).


Outlook Data File (PST)

A Personal Folders file (.pst) is an Outlook data file that stores your messages and other items on your computer. This is the most common file in which information in Outlook is saved by home users or in small organizations. Learn more.


Outside Activity

An outside activity represents a relationship with an entity outside of the UW-Madison which, for the purposes of Conflict of Interest, may overlap with an individual's institutional responsibilities.  An outside activity may involve compensation, leadership, ownership or equity interest in an external entity.


PANCREAS

An irregularly shaped gland that secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum and produces insulin that is released into the blood.


Pantone Matching System

(PMS) Industry standard for ink mixing


Payment for Environmental Services (PES)

Payments to farmers or landowners who have agreed to take certain actions to manage their land or watersheds to provide an ecological service. As the payments provide incentives to land owners and managers, PES is a market-based mechanism, similar to subsidies and taxes, to encourage the conservation of natural resources.


PEDS

Perceptive Enterprise Deployment Suite. A service used to deploy updates automatically to Perceptive Content clients connected to the PEDS server.


PEPSIN

A digestive enzyme found in the gastric juice that breaks down proteins into peptides.


Permanent Status

The rights and privileges attained upon successful completion of an original probationary period or career-executive trial period required upon an appointment to a permanent position.


Permissions

In Microsoft 365, permissions can enable an individual to access another individual's mail, calendars, and contacts. For example, if User A wanted the ability to modify events in User B's calendar, User B would need to assign read/write/modify permissions to User A. Review complete list of permissions levels (and definitions): Microsoft 365 - Mail and Calendar folder permission levels.


PHOTOSYNTHESIS

The process by which the chlorophyll of plants converts carbon dioxide and water into simple sugars with the simultaneous release of oxygen.


PMS

Pantone Matching System (see Pantone Matching System definition)


PMS 200

the mixed ink graphic standard for UW printing; also UW red


POLISH (to)

To free from coarseness; to refine.


POLYGASTRIC

Having more than one digestive cavity; Having a stomach divided into different chambers (e.g., ruminants).


POPULATION (statistics)

The set of individuals, items, or data from which a statistical sample is taken. In statistical terms, a population is defined as a larger set from which samples are obtained.


Position

Specific duties and responsibilities of a job.


Pre-Submission

This is a state in ARROW. Pre-submission is the default state for any newly-created submission. Applications in Pre-Submission have not yet been submitted to the IRB.


PRECISION

1. The degree with which a measurement is reproducible, that is, yielding similar results when repeated (see also Accuracy).
2. the number of significant digits to which a value has been reliably measured.


Primary Address

In Microsoft 365, your primary address is the email address associated with your Microsoft 365 account that will appear as your "From" address on emails and calendar invites. It will also appear as a result in the global address look up feature in Microsoft 365. For further information, click here.


PRIMIPAROUS (cow)

1. A young cow that is pregnant for the first time. 2. A cow that has given birth once.


process color

the process of combining four basic colors to create a printed color picture or colors composed from the basic four colors


Program Support

  • Program Support is responsible for working with program directors, department faculty, guest lecturers, instructional designers, technical specialists, and student employees to coordinate the scheduling, development, and delivery of both credit and non-credit courses from inception through evaluation.


PROTEASE

Digestive enzyme that breakdown proteins into peptides.


PYLORUS

The passage connecting the stomach (abomasum) to the duodenum.


Queues


A list of data items, commands, etc., stored so as to be retrievable in a definite order.
Workflows are comprised of queues. Documents route through workflow queues until they reach their end destination. Often, in each queue an action is performed (automatically, by a user, or by a script).


RDS - Remote Desktop Service

The Remote Desktop Service (RDS) is a Windows Terminal Server that provides supplemental and/or remote access to applications that are only available on campus, typically on a Windows platform.

See:  

Note: This service replaces The Windows Access Facility (WAF) which retired July, 2020.


Recruitment, Assessment, and Selection Plan

A document created by division HR in collaboration with division leadership, and approved by OHR which provides overall guidelines for recruitment, assessment and selection. It outlines the division’s expectations of specific steps, processes and requirements for recruitment, assessment and selection and identifies plans and procedures to increase diversity.


Recurring Appointments

When a temporary employee continues in the same position each year.


Reportable Events

Refers to any submission that is not an initial, continuing or change of protocol.  Reportable events include noncompliance, new information, adverse events and unanticipated problems.


Research (Applied)

Study directed toward gaining (scientific) knowledge to meet a recognized need


Research (Basic)

Study directed toward gaining (scientific) knowledge primarily for its own sake


Resilience

The capacity of a system to buffer shock and stresses. The ability to recover from setbacks, adapt well to change, and keep going in the face of adversity.


Resolved

This is an end state in ARROW.  Reportable events in this state have been acknowledged by the IRB, but no further action is needed and therefore, the reportable event is considered resolved. 


Resource Account

In Office 365, a resource account is a non-person account that can be classified as either "room" or "equipment". Examples can include meeting/conference rooms, audio-visual equipment, or vacation calendars. Individuals must be granted permissions to interact with a resource account. More details.


Reviewer Notes

Reviewer Notes are notes made in an application by IRB staff. Reviewer notes labeled IRB Question require a response from the study team. Only IRB staff can create Reviewer Notes in ARROW.


RICKETS

A deficiency disease resulting from a lack of vitamin D or lack of sunshine exposure, characterized by defective bone growth.


Roles

Each user has at least one role assigned to them in ARROW. A user's current role appears in the gold box on the left side menu of the homepage. Some users will have multiple roles. Click the desired role under the My Roles text on the left side menu to change roles in the system. Be sure to select the correct role since different activities are available to users based on their role.


Rules

A feature in Office 365 which allows you to take some action when a message arrives into your account or when you are sending a message. Examples of potential actions include move/copy/delete, mark with a category/read/importance, or forward/redirect.


Salesforce Lookup field


A lookup field in Salesforce is used to find other records in Salesforce to build relationships between records.  For example, in a contact record one uses a lookup field to find and relate another record such as an organization or community to the contact.

Lookup fields are not searchable in the global search on the home page, but can be searched with the Enhance Lookup feature.  See a video about this in knowledge base article Wildcard search and search limitations (video)


Sample

rough layout of a printed piece showing position and finished size


Save

The smartform application allows users to save their work before exiting the application. Users should periodically save their completed work in the smartform application in order to avoid losing any work due to the potential for timing out of the system or when the user needs to complete the application at a later time.  


Scanner Profile

A reuseable collection of settings that defines scanner parameters. A scanner profile sets things like DPI (dots per inch) and Simplex (single-side) /Duplex (double-sided) on scans. Scanner profiles are located and set in capture profiles.


Scientific Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state must undergo review by the Institute for Clinical and Translational Research Scientific Review Committee (ICTR SRC), the UW Cancer Center Protocol Review and Monitoring Committee (PRMC) or the Clinical and Translational Research Core  Protocol Implementation Review (CTRC PIR) before moving on to the IRB Pre-Review state.


Score

an intentional crease made in paper to help eliminate cracking when folded


SCOUR

see diarrhea.


SECRETION

The movement of a material from one place to another. Secretion is often required to move a material to the place where it can be excreted. Examples of materials secreted include all materials excreted (see Excretion above), plus enzymes, hormones and saliva. The organs that play a role in secretion include all those involved in excretion, plus the digestive glands like salivary glands, pancreas, liver and gallbladder and endocrine glands like the thyroid gland, pituitary gland, and ovaries and testes.


SEED

A fertilized and ripened plant ovule containing an embryo capable of germinating to produce a new plant.


Self cover

a cover of the same paper as inside text pages


Send As

In Office 365, this permission allows users other than the mailbox owner to use the mailbox to send messages. After this permission is assigned to a delegate, any message that a delegate sends from this mailbox will appear as if it was sent by the mailbox owner. However, this permission doesn't allow a delegate to sign in to the user's mailbox.


Send On Behalf Of

In Office 365, this permission allows a delegate to use this mailbox to send messages. However, after this permission is assigned to a delegate, the From address in any message sent by the delegate indicates that the message was sent by the delegate on behalf of the mailbox owner.


Send to Pre-Submission

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to send an application back to the Pre-Submission state from the Withdrawn state. For example, the PI withdrew an application from the IRB review process and now wants to start the submission process again using the previously withdrawn application.


SENSITIVITY

The probability that a test is positive, given that the animal has the disease (See also specificity).


SERUM

The clear yellowish fluid obtained upon separating the clotted whole blood into its liquid and solid (red and white blood cells) components.


Service Account

Microsoft 365 service accounts are intended to be used for shared/changing roles (e.g., info, secretary, webmaster, newsletter, feedback, etc.) or service/programmatic access (e.g., printers, copiers, mailers). Service accounts can be accessed via all Outlook clients. Learn more about the types of accounts available within UW-Madison's implementation of Microsoft 365.


Service Related Appointments

Employment payment, compensation for work performed in service to the university. Income is contingent upon an activity or employee position (e.g. Project Assistant, Research Associate, Teaching Assistant, etc.).


SharePoint

SharePoint is a web application framework and platform which integrates intranet, content management, and document management. You can use it as a secure place to store, organize, share, and access information from almost any device. Learn more.


SharePoint Designer

Microsoft SharePoint Designer is a specialized HTML editor and web design freeware for creating or modifying Microsoft SharePoint sites, workflows and web pages.


Sheetwise

to use a separate plate for front and back printing, using the same gripper and guide for both sides of the sheet


Shop Supervisor

Position that supervises Crafts Workers.


Short Course

  • A Short Course is one of the main products EPD offers. These are 1-5 day courses that are held either on-campus or in a popular location. Participants earn continuing education credits or professional development hours by attending that may be used toward professional licensure, i.e.: Licensed engineers in WI must earn 30 credits/hours every biennium. See also non-credit.


Side guide

the mechanical register unit on a printing press that positions a sheet from the side


Sifting and Winnowing

The phrase "sifting and winnowing" refers to UW-Madison's historic tradition of defense of intellectual and academic freedom. The words are taken from an 1894 report of the University of Wisconsin Board of Regents and were originally used to explain the board's refusal to censure a professor accused of socialist and pro-union activity. The words are mounted on a plaque on the front of Bascom Hall:

WHATEVER MAY BE THE LIMITATIONS WHICH TRAMMEL INQUIRY ELSEWHERE, WE BELIEVE THAT THE GREAT STATE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN SHOULD EVER ENCOURAGE THAT CONTINUAL AND FEARLESS SIFTING AND WINNOWING BY WHICH ALONE THE TRUTH CAN BE FOUND.


Signature

a sheet of printed pages that when folded become part of a publication (i.e., book, magazine, etc.)


Significant Financial Interest (SFI)

A Significant Financial Interest means any financial interests held by an investigator (and/or his or her immediate family), or by a business entity controlled or directed by the investigator or a member of his or her immediate family, that has monetary value, whether or not the value is readily ascertainable, including:

  • Remuneration (e.g. salary, consulting fees, honoraria, paid authorship, etc.) received from a publicly traded entity in the twelve months preceding disclosure, and the value of any equity interest (stock, stock option, or other ownership interest) in the entity at the date of disclosure that, when aggregated, exceed $5,000
  • Remuneration, (e.g. salary, consulting fees, honoraria, paid authorship, etc.) received from a non-publicly traded entity of greater than $5,000 in the twelve months preceding the disclosure
  • Any equity interest (e,g. stock, stock option, or other ownership interest) in a non-publicly traded entity
  • Royalty income from intellectual property rights not arising out of university employment, which are not assigned to organizations created to manage such rights on behalf of the University of Wisconsin-Madison (WARF)
  • Reimbursed or sponsored travel related to institutional responsibilities that is not reimbursed or sponsored by a government agency, a U.S. university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a U.S. university
  • Service in positions with fiduciary responsibility , including senior managers (e.g. presidents, vice presidents, etc.) and members of boards of directors, whether or not the investigator receives compensation for such service.

Significant financial interests do not include the following:

  • Salary, royalties, or other remuneration received from UW-Madison, the University of Wisconsin Medical Foundation, or the VA
  • Royalty income from intellectual property rights arising out of UW-Madison employment that are assigned to organizations created to manage such rights on behalf of the University of Wisconsin-Madison (WARF)
  • Income from investment vehicles, such as mutual funds and retirement accounts, as long as the investigator does not control the investment decisions made in these vehicles
  • Income from seminars, lectures, or teaching engagements sponsored by a domestic government agency, a university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a university
  • Income from service on advisory committees or review panels for a domestic government agency, a university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a university
  • Travel related to institutional responsibilities that is reimbursed or sponsored by a domestic government agency, a university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a university.


SILAGE

Method of preservation of fresh forages based on the partial fermentation of the sugars in absence of oxygen. Silage can be made in various silos.


SILO

Structure constructed to help preserving forages as silage. Different types of silos includes: Tower silo, oxygen limiting silo, trench silo, etc.


Similar Title

A title in the same title series.


Single-sided

only one side of the page is printed, meaning the back side of each page is blank


SINUS

A cavity formed by a bending or curving; a dilated passage.


SOMATIC CELLS

(a) Any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells. (b) Milk somatic cells are primarily leukocytes (white blood cells) and some epithelial cells shed from the lining of the mammary gland. The leukocytes are derived from blood and consist of macrophages, lymphocytes, and polymorphonuclear cells, primarily neutrophils (PMN). Normal milk does contain somatic cells, and the concentration of these cells is almost always less than 100,000 cells/ml in milk from uninfected/uninflamed mammary quarters.


SPECIFICITY

The probability that a test is negative, given that the animal does not have the disease (see also sensitivity).


SPHINCTER

A ring-like muscle that maintains constriction of a bodily passage or orifice and opens upon relaxation.


Spine

the binding edge of a publication (i.e., book, magazine, etc.)


SPROUT (to)

To grow or to develop quickly (syn to germinate).


SS

single-sided (see single-sided definition)


Stack by page or subset

to keep each piece separate or independent


STALK

The main stem of an herbaceous plant.


STANDARD DEVIATION (statistics)

Standard deviation (SD) is a measure of the dispersion of a set of data from its mean. If the data points are further from the mean, there is higher deviation within the data set. The SD shares the same unit as the mean. The SD is calculated as the square root of variance by determining the variation between each data point relative to the mean. The symbol for standard deviation is σ (the Greek letter sigma). Approximately, in a normal distribution,
38% of all observations are within ± 0.5 SD units of the mean;
68% of all observations are within ± 1 SD units of the mean;
95% of all observations are within ± 2 SD units of the mean;
99% of all observations are within ± 3 SDunits of the mean.


Standard Recruitment

Merit-based process used to fill most vacancies. This process allows UW–Madison the flexibility to target specific skill sets as well as a diverse pool of qualified candidates. The process is open to all qualified candidates and does not require that applicants be employed at UW–Madison.


staple

Staple is a term for a staple added to a printed packet or book, commonly in the upper left corner or along the left side of a booklet.


STARCH

Carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots, an stem pith of plants notably in corn, potatoes, wheat and rice. Warm season grasses (C4 plants) store starch in chloroplasts in leaf tissue. C4 grasses such as Bermuda Paspalum or Rhodes grasses grown under heat stress may contain considerable starch in leafy tissue. Nutritionally, it is referred to as non-structural carbohydrate as opposed to the carbohydrate found in the neutral detergent fiber of the plant.


State of Wisconsin Adjusted Continuous Service

All time employed by the State of Wisconsin in either the Unclassified, Classified or University staff service in a permanent capacity, adjusted for breaks in service, shall be counted in determining an employee’s length of continuous service. This excludes time served as a Limited Term or Project Employee.


States

In ARROW, the IRB review process is divided into different parts, called States. The State an application is in will change as it moves through the review process. The list of actions a user can take for a submission will vary according to the state it is in.


STEM

The main upward growing axis of a plant, usually above the ground and in direction opposite of the roots.


Step-and-repeat

the process of placing the same image on a single sheet or page of a document multiple times


Stereotype Threat

 The term refers to being at risk [given a specific set of contextual circumstances] of confirming a negative stereotype about one's social group as a self-characteristic [i.e., a personal trait]. For example, Let's say that you find yourself in a situation in which you realize that someone may have a steretotype about you [because of you physical appearance, gender or any other general characteristic of social group] and there is a part of you that is afraid that your [about to be undertaking] action and behavior will prove to that person that the stereotype is true. The concept was first introduced in seminal publication of Steele and Arsonson (1995) (see also ResearchGate link).


STILLBORN CALF

A calf born dead or that dies within 48 hours of birth.


stitch

Stitch is a staple added to a printed packet or book, commonly in the upper left corner or along the left side of a booklet.


Stock

the material to be printed on


STOVER

Fodder; mature-cured stalks from which seeds have been removed, such as stalks of corn or stalk of sorghum without heads.


STRAW

The plant residue remaining after separation of the seeds in threshing. It includes chaff.


STRUCTURAL CARBOHYDRATE

(see Fibrous carbohydrate).


STS

The term “STS” refers to short-term instructional staff beyond a department's Faculty and renewable Academic Staff instructors.

Procedure for hiring STS:

L&S Contacts

  • L&S Teaching & Learning Administration
    • Cathy Yu, Administrative Assistant for Teaching & Learning Administration
  • L&S Human Resources


Student Assistants

Titles in the Student Assistant title group are used for graduate students who: hold a fellowship, scholarship or traineeship; hold an appointment which is intended primarily to further the education and training of the student; are employed to assist with research training or other academic programs or projects; and/or have been assigned teaching responsibilities in an instructional department under the supervision of a faculty member.

In addition, Student Assistant titles are available to undergraduate students when: no qualified graduate student is available to perform a function that would normally be assigned to graduate students (i.e., Undergraduate Assistant - requires advance approval of the dean); or when the terms of a supporting grant or contract preclude the use of other normally appropriate titles (Undergraduate Intern).


SOURCE: Office of Human Resources, UW-Madison Unclassified Title Guideline; Summary of Unclassified Appointment Types


Student Notebooks

Student Notebooks are a part of Office 365's Class Notebook app. They are private notebooks that are shared between each teacher and their individual students. Teachers can access these notebooks at any time, but students cannot see other students’ notebooks.


Student Services

  1. Student Services helps coordinate activities related to admissions, academic services and student support. The unit manages day to day interactions with customers and acts as a primary point of contact throughout customer lifecycle.


Study Completed

Once a study team has submitted a study completion report, the study moves from the "Approved" state to the "Study Completed" state. The study remains in this state for a period of 18 months, during which time the study team can reopen the study.  After 18 months, the study is permanently archived. 


Study Suspended

The IRB can suspend a study, automatically moving it to the "suspended" state rather than the "approved" state.  Once a study has been suspended, activities available to the study team are limited.  Study teams can initiate a change of protocol to address whatever caused the study to be suspended in the first place. 


Study Team

The study team consists of the PI, the point of contact, and any other personnel listed as having edit/email or read-only access to study materials in the initial application smartform. 


Stunted growth

Stunted growth also known as stunting and nutritional stunting, is a reduced growth rate in human development, characterized by a low height for one's age. It is a primary manifestation of malnutrition (or more precisely undernutrition) and recurrent infections, such as diarrhea and helminthiasis, in early childhood and even before birth, due to malnutrition during fetal development brought on by a malnourished mother. An estimated 162 million children under 5 years of age, or 25%, were stunted in 2012 (Source: Wikipedia).


Sub-Domain

A sub-domain is a domain that is part of a larger domain; the only domain that is not also a sub-domain is the root domain. For example, doit.wisc.edu and engr.wisc.edu are sub-domains of the wisc.edu domain.


Sub-recipient

UW-Madison Conflict of Interest Policy defines sub-recipient to mean an entity or individual named on a subcontract from UW-Madison on a federally-funded award or human subjects research protocol.


SUBCLINICAL

Without clinical manifestations; said of the early stages or a very mild form of a disease, e.g. subclinical disease, infection, parasitism, or when a disease is detectable by biological tests but not by a clinical examination.


Submit

This is an activity available to study teams, allowing them to submit an initial application, continuing review, change of protocol, reportable event, etc., to the IRB.  


Submit Administrative Hold Response

After a study has been approved with an administrative hold, study teams must resolve the conditions of this hold; this is done by submitting a response.  


Submit Changes

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to submit changes requested by the scientific review committee.


Submit Deferral Response

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to submit a deferral response to the IRB.  Once the PI or POC submits the deferral response, the submission transitions back to the IRB Pre-Review state.


Submit Issues Response

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to submit their response to issues sent by the IRB.  Once the PI or POC submits their response to issues, the submission transitions back to the IRB Pre-Review state.


Submit Modification Response

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to submit their modification response to the IRB.  Once the PI or POC submits their modification response, the submission transitions to the IRB Review of Modification Response state.


Submit Modification Review Notes

Review state to the IRB Review of Modification Response state once the assigned IRB member(s) has completed their review. 


Submit Request to Reactivate

This is an activity in ARROW that allows a PI or POC to submit a request to reactivate a submission that is in the IRB withdrawn state.  


Submit Request to Reopen

This is an activity in ARROW that allows a PI or POC to submit a request to reopen a study that is in the Study Completed state or in the Closed state.


Submit Study Completion Report

This is an activity in ARROW that allows a PI or POC to submit their study completion report.  This activity is available in the following states for an initial review: Approved, Exemption Granted, Expired.  The study then transitions to the Study Completed state.


Subset

a defined part of a set


Suspended

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been suspended.  Research teams can only submit a change of protocol in this state.  Once the IRB approves the change of protocol addressing the issues which resulted in the suspension, the IRB will then review the full study to determine if the suspension can be lifted and the study can be moved back to the approved state.   


Sustainability

Sustainability is a holistic concept that built on three inter-related pillars: environmental, social and economic. To be sustainable, any entrepreneurial activity must be economically viable, ecologically healthy and socially equitable. A universal definition of sustainability was given for the first time by the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) in the Brundtland report published under the auspices of the United Nations in 1987.


Sustainable Intensification

Narrowly defined, SI refers to increase food production from existing farmland in ways that place far less pressure on the environment and that do not undermine our capacity to continue producing food in the future. However, Garnett et al. (2013) added the following four premises underlying SI: (a) The need to increase production; (b) Increase production must be met through higher yields because increasing the area of land in agriculture carries major environmental costs; (c) Food security requires as much attention to increasing environmental sustainability as to raising productivity; and (d) SI denotes a goal but does not specify a priori how it should be attained or which agricultural techniques to deploy.


SW

Sheetwise (see sheetwise definition)


Sway

Microsoft Sway is a presentation app available through Office 365 that allows you to create and share interactive reports, presentations, newsletters, personal stories, and more.


SYMBIOSIS

The intimate living together of two dissimilar organism in any of various mutually beneficial relationships.


Synchronous

  1. Synchronous learning refers to a learning environment in which everyone takes part at the same time. Lecture is an example of synchronous learning in a face-to-face environment, where learners and teachers are all in the same place at the same time.


System Thinking

 A set of synergistic analytic skills used to improve the capability of identifying and understanding systems, predicting their behaviors, and devising modifications to them in order to produce desired effects (Arnold and Wade, 2015)


TASTE

Property of feed detected by some papillae of the tongue and the roof of the mouth resulting in a positive or negative response to further ingestion of the feed.


Technical Support

  1. The Technical Support Team is responsible for departmental desktop, laptop, and mobile device support. You can also contact them for help with local department systems, Box, Teams, USI, and Microsoft Office.


TIMED ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION

Method of AI breeding in which the timing of artificial insemination (AI) is based on a hormonal protocol that synchronizes the timing of ovulation. This is in contrast to timing insemination based on direct or indirect detection of estrous behavior. Hormonal protocols for Timed AI were developed in 1995 and have been widely adopted by dairy producers for reproductive management.


Tints

a shade of a single color or combined colors


Transportation Information Center (TIC)

  1. The Transportation Information Center (TIC) provides state and local municipalities with the resources and training required to manage their road systems. Training — from government and industry experts, engineering consultants, contractors, and highway and enforcement agency representatives — includes one-day workshops in several different locations around the state. Resources include videos, and online and printed manuals, bulletins, and Crossroads articles.

    The TIC is part of the
    National Local Technical Assistance Program Association (NLTAPA), as Wisconsin's LTAP center.


Trim marks

see crop marks


Trim size

finished size after final trim is made


TRYPSIN

Digestive enzyme secreted by the pancreas and responsible for the break down of peptide bonds of proteins. Some plants contain a trypsin inhibitor that prevent trypsin from functioning properly.


UGSR*

Special student classification: Senior Guest auditors 
Wisconsin residents age 60+ by the first day of class are eligible to audit lecture courses with instructor approval on a space available basis tuition-free. Some exceptions do apply. Learn More.


UGST*

Special student classification: Guest auditors 
Individuals not currently enrolled in a degree program or don't plan to pursue a degree, but want to attend a credit class without earning credits, grades or take exams, or complete assignments. Learn More.


UNCS*

Special student classification: Capstone certificate students 
Capstone Certificates are typically a one-year collection of courses, a record of coherent academic accomplishment in a given discipline or set of related disciplines. Learn More.


UNDS*

Special student classification: Professional or personal development
Non-degree seeking students, who wish to pursue coursework for professional development or personal enrichment (for those who have already earned an undergraduate degree). Visiting graduate students should use this classification . Learn More.


UNES*

Special student classification: Intensive English as a Second Language students 
Studying English as a second language full time at UW-Madison. Learn More.


UNHS*

Special student classification: High school students
Qualified high school juniors or seniors may apply to take one course each term through the Traditional, Youth Options, or Course Options Programs. Learn More.


UNIS*

Special student classification: International students on formal exchange program
Currently a student at a university abroad (that has a formal exchange agreement with UW-Madison), and you wish to attend UW-Madison for one or more terms. Learn More.


Unit of Mass in Metric System

1,000,000,000,000,000  1x1015 petagram (Pg) quadrillion  
1,000,000,000,000  (Million Metric Tons or Megatonnes)1x1012 teragram (Tg) trillion
 1,000,000,000  (Thousand Metric Tons) 1x109 gigagram (Gg) billion
 1,000,000  (Metric Ton) 1x106 megagram (Mg) million
 1,000   1x103 kilogram (Kg) thousand  
 100   1x102 hectogram (Hg) hundred  
 10   1x101 decagram (Dg) ten  
 1    gram    
   0.1 10-1 decigram (dg) tenth   
   0.01 10-2 centigram (cg) hundredth  
   0.001 10-3 milligram (mg) thousandth  
   0.000,001 10-6 microgram (µg) millionth  
   0.000,000,001 10-9 nanogram (ng) billionth  
   0.000,000,000,001 10-12 picogram (pg) trillionth  
   0.000,000,000,000,001 10-15 femtogram (fp) quadrillionth  


University Staff

University staff positions focus primarily on supporting education, research, and the campus infrastructure. If a position involves functions that are similar in nature to other positions in Wisconsin state government, the position is university staff. These positions include accountants, administrative support associates, nurses, microbiologists, and custodians.


SOURCE: Office of Human Resources


University Staff

  1. University Staff hold positions in virtually every unit on campus. The University Staff positions are quite varied and duties include, but are not limited to, administrative support, information technology, accounting, engineering, in addition to custodial, food service, and craftsworkers and contribute daily to the quality and reputation of a University recognized and respected around the world. 


UNOS*

Special student classification: Others, one term only
Non-degree seeking students, one term as designated by ACSSS* academic advisor. Learn More.


UNPS*

Special student classification: Pre-selected by a department or program
Non-degree seeking students, pre-selected groups designated by ACSSS* academic advisor. 


UNRS*

Special student classification: Admission requirements for graduate or professional school

Students completing courses and/or other admission requirements for graduate or professional school.


UNSATURATED FAT

Fat containing fatty acids that can accept hydrogen atoms to saturate their structure (e.g., oleic, linoleic, linolenic and arachidonic acids).


UNVS*

Special student classification: Undergraduate visiting from another college/university
Undergraduate degree candidates (visitors) from other colleges and universities  


UW–Madison Adjusted Continuous Service

All time employed by UW–Madison in either the Unclassified, Classified or University Staff service in a permanent capacity, adjusted for breaks in service, shall be counted in determining an employee’s length of continuous service. This excludes time served as a temporary or project employee.


Varnish

clear ink-like substance that is applied to printed surfaces for appearance and protection


Very Low Density Lipoprotein (VLDL)

Particles that carry cholesterol and fat throughout the bloodstream. These particles are released from the liver into the bloodstream. They are similar to chylomicrons which originate from the gut because they both carry cholesterol and triglycerides which are gradually released in the bloodstream to be absorbed by body cells along the way. In the process of losing triglycerides, the VLDLs grow smaller and turn into LDLs (Low Density Lipoprotein) which have lost all their triglycerides.


View Differences

This is an activity in ARROW that allows IRB staff, IRB members, and study teams to view differences between versions of the submitted smartform application.  For example, if a study team made changes to the initial review application as a result of IRB Pre-Review and submitted those change to the IRB, a new version of the application is tracked.  The study team and the IRB staff can easily view the differences between the old and new version of the application by using this activity button.


Views

Views allow users to search for documents using one or more constraint. Limited to 500 results or less.


VITAMINS

Complex organic substances occurring naturally in plants and animal tissue and essential in small amounts for the proper functioning of numerous metabolic processes.


VOLATILE FATTY ACIDS (VFA)

Products of fermentation of carbohydrates (and some amino acids) by the rumen microorganisms. Acetic acid, propionic acid and butyric acid are the primary volatile fatty acids which are absorbed through the rumen wall and used as an energy source by the cow.


Wasting

Wasting, also known as wasting syndrome, refers to the process by which a debilitating disease causes muscle and fat tissue to "waste" away leading to children of low weight for their height. Wasting is sometimes referred to as "acute malnutrition" because it is believed that episodes of wasting have a short duration, in contrast to stunting, which is regarded as chronic malnutrition (Source: Wikipedia).


Wisc Account Administration Site

A web site that allows administrators and end users to manage accounts (NetID and departmental) that access Office 365, WiscMail, CloudFax, Box, Qualtrics, LastPass, and Google Apps.


WiscIT

WiscIT is the IT Service Management software that DoIT uses to manage IT Services, using Cherwell Software as its platform. Also commonly referred to as WiscIT powered by Cherwell.