Accrued Leave

The amount of sick leave, vacation, vacation carryover, personal holiday, legal holiday and banked leave an employee has earned based on the number of hours in pay status.


Accuracy

The degree with which a measurement matches the actual, true or target value (see also Precision).


Acidosis (rumen)

Condition characterized by a low rumen pH (below 6). The normal rumen function are impeded usually because too much concentrates were fed.


Acknowledge Reportable Event

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB staff reviewer to acknowledge receipt of a reportable event that does not require further IRB review. Upon acknowledgement, the study will return to the approved state.


Administrative Contact

An organization's administrative point of contact, responsible for assigning staff time to the Office 365 transition. Communicates with the Office 365 Team and their organization's leadership.


Administrative Limited Appointment

A leadership role such as dean or associate dean that falls into the employee category of Limited. A Limited appointee serves at the discretion of the appointing authority.


AEN Number

  1. AEN Number is another name for the Clone ID [KB Clone ID] or curriculum ID [KB Curriculum ID].


Against the grain

at right angles to direction of paper grain. Opposite of paper grain direction


Allometric (equation)

Allometric equations take the general form Y = aMb, where Y is some biological variable, M is a measure of body size, and b is some scaling exponent. See West et al. (2012) for more details.


Allometry

The growth of body parts at different rates, resulting in a change of body proportions.


Alternate Address

In Microsoft 365, an alternate address is any email address associated with a NetID@wisc.edu or service account (something@domain.wisc.edu). Any NetID or Service account may have any number of email addresses associated with it. These email addresses includes, but is not limited to, previous alias/alternates accounts and/or user/role/service accounts that have been consolidated with the NetID. A message destined to any of the alternate addresses will be delivered to the main address on the account (NetID@wisc.edu or something_domain@wisc.edu).


Ancillary Committee (ANC)

Ancillary Committees (ANC) are committees that have oversight for specific areas of a submission, such as investigational drugs, conflict of interest, or Veterans Affairs (VA) issues. These committees do not issue approval for the study a whole; only for their areas of oversight.

The IRB will forward submissions to the appropriate ancillary committee if review is needed and has not yet been provided. Ancillary committees may request  documentation from the study team that is additional to the IRB application completed in ARROW.


Approved

This is a state in ARROW. Studies in the Approved state have been reviewed and fully approved by the IRB and relevant ancillary committees, if any.


Approved with Administrative Hold

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in the Approved with Administrative Hold state have been reviewed and approved by the IRB; however, additional administrative documentation is required before final approval is granted (e.g. submission of a Certificate of Confidentiality). 


Archived

This is a state in ARROW.  Once an application is in the archived state, no other activities with that application are possible, other
than copy/paste of text. Studies in the archived state can not be re-opened. 


ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION

Reproductive procedure by which semen previously collected from sires, packaged in “straws” and frozen in liquid nitrogen is thawed and manually deposited in the uterus of a cow in estrus, in the hope of conception. Artificial insemination is a technology that allows for genetic improvement based on selection and use of superior sires.(see also Timed Artificial Insemination).


Assigned to IRB Meeting

This is a state in ARROW. Studies in this state have been assigned to an upcoming meeting by either the IRB staff reviewer or the IRB submission manager.  In this state, the IRB staff reviewer can record the IRB meeting decision and draft meeting minutes.


Asynchronous

  1. Asynchronous learning is a student-centered teaching method that uses online learning resources to facilitate instruction that is not being delivered in person or in real time.  Discussion forums and recorded lectures are examples of asynchronous components in an online course.


Authors

A KB user who may edit documents. Authors may or may not be able to publish documents and all follow their KB Group's agreed upon document workflow.


Autodiscover

Exchange Autodiscover is a web service that helps Microsoft Exchange administrators configure user profile settings for clients running Outlook Enterprise/Subscription/2019/2016. It allows users to easily configure their email client knowing only their email address and password.


Automatic Reply

Also known as a vacation message or an out of office message. Automatic reply is a rule that can be set in your Office 365 account that will automatically reply to incoming emails with a preset response for a preset amount of time.


Awaiting Correspondence

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have undergone IRB review, a meeting decision has been recorded and the IRB staff can draft correspondence for the study team. 


Awaiting Scientific Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been triaged by the IRB and determined to require scientific review.  In this state, the Scientific Review Committee (e.g. CTRC PIR, SRC, PRMC) will review the study and indicate the outcome of their review.   


BACTERIA

Single-cell organisms living either independently or in close association with other living organisms. Often referred to as microbes or microorganisms because of their microscopic size. Some bacteria are beneficial, but others cause infectious diseases.


Bezoar

A small stony concretion that may form in the stomachs of certain animals, especially ruminants. Bezoars are caused by a buildup of material in the gastrointestinal tract that the stomach can't digest.


BIOLOGICAL VALUE (of a protein)

A measure of protein quality. The percentage of protein in a feed which is not lost in the urine or the feces of the animal. Biological value is a reflection of the balance of amino acids available to the animal after digestion and absorption.


Blue-Collar Multi-Shift

University Staff titles that are in pay schedule 03 (e.g., custodian, food service assistant, food retail/catering leader and food production assistant) and in multiple-shift environments (e.g., first shift, second shift and third shift).


BOR

Board of Regents; the governing board for the UW System.  See: https://www.wisconsin.edu/regents/


Brochure ID

  1. The Brochure ID is a unique identifier assigned in ET to a specific promotional material piece.


BROWSE

The part of leaf and twig growth of shrubs, woody vines, and trees that is available for animal consumption.


Budget (Program) Decision

The reallocation or termination of resources by a university management decision that may result in staffing reductions in a program or operational area.


BUFFER

A chemical substances, such as sodium bicarbonate, that can maintain the pH of the rumen content around neutrality (pH = 6 to 7). The pH is maintained by neutralizing the volatile fatty acids and other organic acids produced by ruminal fermentation.


CALORIE

A unit of heat that can be used to measure the amount of energy in a feed or a ration. A calorie is the amount heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water from 14.5 ° centigrade to 15.5 ° centigrade.


Capture Profile

A reusable collection of settings that simplifies entering documents into Perceptive Content imaging software. Captures profiles can set entities such as document keys, device choice, workflow queues, etc.


Capture Token

A licensing mechanism. Every scanner used with ImageNow uses a token; if all tokens are in use, another scanner cannot be configured until one is released.


CARBOHYDRATE

Any of a group of chemical compounds, including sugars, starches, and cellulose, containing only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, with a ratio of hydrogen to oxygen of 2:1.


CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2)

A gas produced by combustion or oxidation of organic matter. Carbon dioxide is also produced in large quantities during ruminal fermentation.


Categories

Is a feature in Outlook and Outlook on the web that allows you to assign a keyword or phrase (and color) to help you keep track of items/events. Using this feature you can easily find, sort, filter, or group different items/events that are located across your different folders/calendars.


Centralized Recruitment

Process in which OHR helps divisions manage the recruitment, assessment and selection of high-volume and continuously recruited positions (e.g., custodial positions).


CEREAL

A plant in the grass family (gramineae), the seeds (i.e., grain) of which are used for human and animal food (e.g., maize, rice and wheat).


Certified

This is a state in ARROW.  Applications in this state have been certified as not constituting human subjects research.  This includes grant related applications not directly involving human subjects (e.g. protocol development activities only). 


Certify Not Human Subjects Research

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB staff reviewer to certify that an application does not constitute human subjects research.  This activity occurs in the Pre-review state.


Chancellor

The chief executive of UW–Madison.


Changes Requested - Scientific Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have undergone scientific review and changes were requested by the scientific review committee.  In this state, the study team can either 1) respond to the committee request so that it returns to the Awaiting Scientific Review state for additional review, or 2) withdraw the application. 


Civil Service System

A hiring process that incorporates merit selection principles including objective criteria to evaluate job applicants and make hiring decisions.


Cloud Service

Services made available to users on demand via the Internet from a cloud computing provider's servers as opposed to being provided from a company's own on-premises servers. Cloud services are designed to provide easy, scalable access to applications, resources and services, and are fully managed by a cloud services provider.


Collaboration Space

Collaboration Space is a type of notebook in Office 365's Class Notebook app. It is a notebook for all students and the teacher in the class to share, organize, and collaborate.


COLOSTRUM

The thick and yellowish secretion collected from the mammary gland at the first milking after calving. The colostrum is low in lactose but normally high in total solid (24%). It is rich in fat, proteins and antibodies that help the new born calf to fight infectious diseases. The secretion collected from the second to the eighth milking is referred to as "transition milk" because of it intermediate composition between colostrum and whole milk.


Compensatory Time

Paid time off the job which is earned and accrued by an employee instead of immediate cash payment for overtime. Compensatory time may be used instead of vacation balance.


CONCENTRATE

Feedstuffs usually rich in energy and coming from the part of the plant that accumulate nutrient reserves for an embryo (fruits, nuts, seeds and grains). The word concentrate is also used to refer to the mixture of minerals and other supplements used to feed dairy cattle.


Concurrent Appointments

When a temporary employee works two or more TE appointments at the same time.


Consultant Review

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB staff reviewer to document nature of the consult and any relevant information about the outcome of the consult.


Contact Group

A contact group -- formerly called "distribution list" -- is a group of contacts that you can send messages, meeting requests and tasks requests.


Contact Group/List

A contact group/list is a personal group which is stored in your Contacts folder and can contain entries from your personal Contacts and from the Global Address List (GAL).


Content Library

A Content Library is a type of notebook in Office 365's Class Notebook app. It is a notebook for teachers to share course materials with students. Teachers can add and edit its materials, but for students, the notebook is read-only.


Continuous Service

All the time in a position with a State of Wisconsin agency as defined in Wis. Admin. Code § ER 18.01(3) or with the UW System in a position with an expectation for continued service, adjusted for any breaks in service. Continuous service at the University of Wisconsin System does not include time served in positions that are ineligible for leave per UW–Madison Campus-wide Operational Policy: Sick Leave.


Copy Reportable Event to Other Study

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to copy a reportable event application to another study.  For example, if a reportable event affects several studies open by the PI, the PI only needs to fill out the RE application one time and then copy it to the other affected studies.


Correspondence Prepared

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB floater to confirm that correspondence they've drafted is ready for review by the IRB staff reviewer.


Course Number

  1. The Course Number is another way of referring to an Instance Number [KB Instance Number], or an unique identifier that refers to a specific offering of a course.


Course Planning Group (CPG)

  • The Course Planning Group (CPG) is a cross functional team within Education Support Services (ESS) which offers support in professional development course instruction and logistical coordination.


Cover weight

heavier-weight (thicker/more-rigid) paper consisting of various grades


Crafts Worker

A UW–Madison employee who is a skilled journeyman Crafts Worker, including apprentices and helpers. The classification does not include employees who are not in direct line of progression in the craft.


Crafts Worker Supervisor

Position that supervises Crafts Workers.


Credit

  1. Credit is a course or product that an individual earns university credits for completing.


Creditable Service

The amount of service an employee is granted under the Wisconsin Retirement System based on the number of hours worked in a year and the employee’s WRS employment category.


Critical Thinking

 The art of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a view to improving it (Foundation for Critical Thinking).


Cronbach alpha

 Cronbach's alpha is a measure used to assess the reliability, or internal consistency, of a set of scale or test items. In other words, the reliability of any given measurement refers to the extent to which it is a consistent measure of a concept, and Cronbach's alpha is one way of measuring the strength of that consistency. See more here: Virginia stat Consulting or here (Wikipedia).


Crop

to cut off parts of a picture or image


Crop marks

printed lines showing where to trim a printed sheet


CROWN

Base of the stem where roots arise


CRUDE PROTEIN

A measure of the amount of protein in a feed determined as the amount of nitrogen multiplied by 6.25. The factor 6.25 is the average grams of protein that contains 1 gram of nitrogen. The word "crude" refers to the fact that not all nitrogen in most feed is exclusively in the form of protein. Because most feeds contain non-protein nitrogen (NPN), crude protein generally overestimates the actual protein content of a feed.


Curriculum ID

  1. Curriculum ID, as seen in CSIS, is using the ET Clone ID number that is assigned to the basic curriculum of the course. It is inclusive of Programs that share the same curriculum. See also: Clone ID [KB Clone ID]


Custom Properties

Additional fields that can be used to describe a document. Custom properties are associated with Doctypes. The number of custom properties is not limited.


Customer's Originals

print ready copy


CVR

Cover


Densitometer

a quality control device to measure the density of printing ink


Deny Request to Reactivate

This is an activity in ARROW in which the IRB submission manager can deny a study team's request to reactivate a submission that was previously withdrawn by the IRB (e.g. due to lack of submission of a continuing review for a study that has an expired IRB approval).  Execution of this activity will result in email notification to the study team that the request to reactivate has been denied and the study team will need to start the submission process over.


Deny Request to Reopen

This is an activity in ARROW in which the IRB submission manager can deny a study team's request to reopen a submission that was reported by the study team as completed or is in the closed state. 


Device Profile

A profile that links the scanner device to Perceptive Content. Device profiles are set in scanner profiles.


DIARRHEA

Pathologically excessive evacuation of watery feces. Diarrhea may be due to an infectious agent (bacterial infection) or a dietary imbalance.


Distance Degree

  1. A Distance Degree is an Online Masters Degree. For a complete listing of degrees, visit https://epd.wisc.edu/online-degrees/


Document capture

Document capture is any one of several processes used to convert a physical document to another format, typically a digital representation.


Document Review Mode

Click on the Title of a document in any queue: Active, In Review, In Progress, Inactive and/or Trash to see its content in read-only mode.


Drawer

Documents in ImageNow are stored in drawers; the drawer of a document is a document key with unique properties: user access to view documents in drawers can be limited, views/filters typically focus on a single drawer, and the drawer key for a document is required.


Drill

typically 3 or 5 circular holes on the binding-edge of a sheet of paper, created by drilling through paper 

 * 3 hole and 5 hole with 5/16" drill is standard 


Drop fold

Drop fold is a set of multiple pages that fold together as a booklet, and are then dropped into a machine that does a right angle fold, commonly for mailing.


DRY COW

A non-lactating cow. The dry period is the time between lactation, when the cow is not secreting milk.


DRY MATTER

That part of the feed which is not water. It is usually determined by the residual weight of a sample placed for a period of time in a drying oven that removes the water from the sample. Usually, the dry matter content of a feed is expressed as a percentage. For example, an hay of 85% dry matter contains 85 g of dry matter for each 100 g of fresh feed.


DRY MATTER BASIS

A method of expressing the concentration of a nutrient in a feed. For example, a feed containing 12% crude protein on a dry matter basis contains 12 g of protein for each 100 g of feed dry matter


DRY MATTER INTAKE

Quantity of dry matter ingested by a cow in a 24 h period. For example, a cow eating 18 kg of grass silage of 33% of dry matter ingest 18 x 0.33 = 6 kg of grass silage dry matter.


Dunning Letter

  1. A dunning letter is a notification sent to a customer, stating that the customer is overdue in paying an account receivable to the sender.


EAR (of corn)

The seed-bearing part of a cereal plant. An ear of corn is composed of the grains, the cob, but not the husk, which are removed during harvesting.


Ecosystem Service

Benefits people derive from ecosystem. Ecosystem services are typically grouped in four broad categories: provisioning, such as the production of food and water; regulating, such as the control of climate and disease; supporting, such as nutrient cycles and crop pollination; and cultural, such as spiritual and recreational benefits. (Source: Wikipedia)


Elastic (goods and services)

Elastic goods and services generally have plenty of substitutes. Inelastic goods have fewer substitutes and price change doesn't affect quantity demanded as much. Some inelastic goods include gas, electricity, water, drinks, clothing, tobacco, food, and oil.


Email Address

An email address identifies the account that messages should be delivered (e.g., bbadger@wisc.edu). An account can have multiple email addresses. Each account in Microsoft 365 has only one primary address, but an account can have multiple alternate addresses. An account will accept email for any email address on the account.


EMBRYO

An organism, animal or vegetal, at its early stage of development.


Emeritus Staff

  1. Emeritus Staff The status of Emeritus/Emerita is an honorary title conferred upon individuals who have had permanent employment at UW-Madison, are 55 years of age or older, and have completed a minimum of ten years of distinguished service. 


Employee of the Board of Regents

All employees of UW–Madison (including University Staff). Prior to July 1 2015, classified employees were under the provisions of Wis. Stat. Chapter 230 and were still limited to the $12,000 statutory cap.


Employee-in-Training

Persons holding a title in the Employees-in-Training title group are normally acquiring additional training or experience in their field of specialization. Two examples of Employees-in-Training titles are Postdoctoral Fellow and Postgraduate Trainee.
Source: Office of Human Resources, Unclassified Title Guideline: Summary of Unclassified Appointment Types


ENDOSPERM

The nutritive tissue of a plant seed, surrounding and absorbed by the embryo.


ENERGY DENSITY

A measure of the concentration of energy in a feed or a ration usually expressed as a unit of energy (megacalorie or megajoule) per lb of dry matter or per kg of dry matter.


ENROLLMENT PLAN

Method used to select cows which are eligible for hormonal treatment (such as Ovsynch). For example, the enrollment plan may be defined by the voluntary waiting period or a negative pregnancy check.


Exchange ActiveSync Protocol

Exchange ActiveSync (also known as EAS) is a communications protocol designed for the synchronization of email, contacts, calendar, tasks, and notes from a messaging server to a smartphone or other mobile devices. The protocol also provides mobile device management and policy controls.


Exchange Protocol

A service -- similar to IMAP, POP3, and ActiveSync -- that works to transfer and synchronize email/calendar information between the server and the end user's client.


EXCRETION

The removal of a material from an organism. Example of material excreted include tears, urine, feces, sweat and carbon dioxide. Examples of an organism's organs involved in excretion include eyes, bladder, rectum, skins and lungs.


Exemption Granted

This is a state in ARROW.  Applications in this state have undergone review by an IRB staff reviewer and determined to qualify for exemption. In this state, the study team can submit changes of protocol, personnel changes, and reportable events, as well as report study completion.  


Extraordinary Salary Range (ESR)

An approved salary range that is greater than the assigned range for the title. An ESR is associated with one of the following 1) An incumbent position, 2) A title (e.g., clinical anesthetist), or 3) A portion of a title series (e.g., nurse practitioners, within the clinical nurse specialist series).


Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)

A federal law that establishes labor standards for public and private sector employees. It is enforced by the Wage and Hour Division of the U.S. Department of Labor.


Family Member


A family member includes all of the following: 
  • Employee's legal spouse 
  • Employee’s domestic partner as defined by UW–Madison Domestic Partnership Policy 
  • Children of employee or employee’s spouse or domestic partner (biological, adopted, step or foster child or legal ward) 
  • Grandchildren of employee or employee’s spouse or domestic partner 
  • Parents of employee or employee’s spouse or domestic partner (biological, adopted, step or foster parent, or legal guardian of employee) 
  • Grandparents of employee or employee’s spouse or domestic partner 
  • Brothers and sisters and spouses or domestic partners of the brothers and sisters of employee or employee’s spouse or domestic partner 
  • Aunts and uncles of employee or employee’s spouse or domestic partner 
  • Sons-in-law or daughters-in-law of employee or employee’s spouse or domestic partner 
  • Other relatives of employee or employee’s spouse or domestic partner who reside in the household of the employee


FCOI (Financial Conflict of Interest)

A Financial Conflict of Interest (FCOI) is a significant financial interest in an entity that could directly and significantly affect the design, conduct, or reporting of federally-funded or human subjects research.


FERMENTATION (in the rumen)

The transformation of carbohydrates in absence of oxygen by rumen micro flora that produces volatile fatty acids such as acetic acid, propionic acid and butyric acid, and gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4).


FIBER (dietary)

Nutrient of low energy density present in large quantities in forages. Fiber is composed of structural carbohydrates (cellulose and hemicellulose) and phenolic compounds. Fiber is important for dairy cows because they stimulate rumination and promote a healthy rumen environment for bacterial growth. However, in large amounts in the diet, fiber may fill the rumen, limit intake of energy and constrain milk production.


FIBROUS CARBOHYDRATE

Hemicellulose and cellulose that can be quantify by the neutral detergent fiber procedure.


Foamcore

strong, styrofoam-like board that printed material is mounted to


FODDER

Coarse feeds, such as straw, corn or sorghum stalks.


Food Desert

This term was defined by Congress in 2008 as an area in the USA with limited access to affordable and nutritious food, particularly such an area composed of predominantly lower income neighborhoods and communities


Food Insecurity

The USDA Economic Research Service (ERS) defines food insecurity as a household characteristic. Food insecure households are those for which “consistent access to adequate food is limited by a lack of money and other resources at times during the year” (See more at: USDA-ERS).


Food Insecurity

The state of being without reliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious food. During the first decade of this century, more than 800 million people live every day with hunger or food insecurity as their constant companion (see also National Academy of Science definitions).


Food Security

Food security exists “when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life.” According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the three pillars of food security are: availability, access and (safe) utilization. In addition you can learn about the four dimensions of food insecurity at the FAO website.


FORAGE

Feed that stimulate rumination due to their long particle size and their high content in fiber. Generally, forages are composed of the leaves and stems (stalk of plants. The bacterial population of the rumen allows the ruminant to digest forages.


FORAGE TO CONCENTRATE RATIO

Usually expressed as two percentages. The percentage of ration dry matter that is made up of forage and the percentage of ration dry matter that is composed of concentrates. The two total 100. For example a 50:50 forage to concentrate ratio means that a cow eating 20 kg of dry matter of that ration would eat 10 kg of concentrate dry matter and 10 kg of forage dry matter.


Forward to Archive

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB to move a study to the archived state. 


Free/Busy

Free/busy is a determination of whether there is a calendar event in a given time slot. Free designates time slots without events and busy designates time slots that are taken up in a person's calendar. Any account within Microsoft 365 will have the ability to view free/busy information against any other Office 365 account. Note: an event can be set to show as busy or free.


FRUCTANS

Is a polymer of fructose molecules generally, but not always, found as "carbohydrate storage in cool season grasses (C3 plants). Tall fescue and perennial ryegrass tend to have the highest levels of fructans when compared to other grasses under the same conditions. Fructan is stored in vacuoles inside cells throughout the plant where it is readily available as needed. In some species of grass the lower part of the stem is a carbohydrate storage organ.


FRUCTOSE (C6H12O6)

A sweet sugar occurring in many fruits and honey.


Full Mailbox Permissions

Full mailbox permissions can be assigned between any two accounts within UW-Madison's Office 365 environment.

What can I do with full mailbox permissions? What can't I do with full mailbox permissions?
  • Create email drafts
  • Send calendar invites
  • Create events
  • Delete emails
  • Read emails
  • Send emails *

* To send emails, you will either need 'send as' or 'send on-behalf' of permissions.

Note: Service accounts have the capability of having delegates linked to them. If linking is used, the delegate will automatically be assigned 'full mailbox' and 'send as' permissions.

See how to manage full mailbox permissions for an account for further details.


GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT

The stomach and the intestine as a functional unit.


GERM

the embryo of a plant present in the seed.


GERMINATE (to)

To begin to or to cause to grow (syn to sprout.


Global Address List (GAL)

The Global Address List (GAL) is the address look up feature in Office 365. It contains email addresses for individuals and resources, excluding those that are hidden. Office 365 uses the Global Address List to supply email addresses when you are composing a message or inviting individuals to meetings.


Global Warming Potential (GWP)

An index (i.e., a relative measure) of how much heat a greenhouse gas traps in the atmosphere over a chosen time horizon, relative to that of carbon dioxide. The GWP represents the combined effect of the differing times these gases remain in the atmosphere and their relative effectiveness in absorbing outgoing thermal infrared radiation. Although the most common time horizon is 100 years, GWP have been reported also for time horizons of 20 years and 500 years.


GLYCEROL

A three carbon sugar which form the backbone of triglycerides and other fats.


GOITER

An enlargement of the thyroid gland associated with iodine deficiency and visible as a swelling at the front of the neck.


Grain

the direction in which the paper fiber lie


GRAIN

Seed from cereal plants.


GRAMINEAE

Family of plants including rye grass, fescue, brome, timothy and other herbaceous plants often referred to as grass. Cereals are gramineous plants but often, they are considered apart from the grass because they are cropped for the grain rather than the vegetative parts of the plant.


GRASS

Any of the numerous plants of the family gramineae, characteristically having narrow leaves and hollow, jointed stems (e.g., orchardgrass, ryegrass, bromegrass).


Green Manure

A fertilizer consisting of growing plants that are plowed back into the soil.


Greenhouse Gas (GHG)

Any of the atmospheric gases, both natural and anthropogenic, that contribute to the greenhouse effect by absorbing infrared radiation produced by solar warming of the Earth's surface. Water vapor (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (NO2) and ozone (O3) are the primary greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.


Greenhouse Gas Effect

Heat trapping effect of greenhouse gases in the troposphere (lowest portion of the earth's atmosphere)


Grippers

metal fingers on a printing press that hold the paper as it passes through the press, the image is registered in relation to the gripper. Similar to sideguide


Group

Groups in Office 365 let you choose a set of people that you wish to collaborate with and easily set up a collection of resources for those people to share - such as emails, files, and calendar data. You don’t have to worry about manually assigning permissions to all those resources because adding members to the group automatically gives them the permissions they need to the tools your group provides.


HEAT PERIOD

A period of 9 to 24 hours preceding the ovulation during which cows are receptive to bulls and exhibit a typical behavior of mounting other cows or standing when mounted by other cows (or a bull).


HEIFER

A young female cow that has not yet given birth to a calf.


Heuristic

Enabling a person to discover or learn something for themselves. Techniques, activities or lessons that allow someone to discover something for himself or by finding solutions through experiments or loosely defined rules.


Hide/Show Errors

The Hide/Show Errors link appears at the top of each application form. This link checks the submission for any required questions that are not answered.


Hiring Administrator

A person who is responsible for ensuring the recruitment, assessment and selection process for a particular vacancy is completed in accordance with established policies. A supervisor, unit human resource (HR) representative, or designee may serve as the hiring administrator and delegate different aspects of the search process. The hiring administrator continues to be responsible for the process, regardless of delegation.


Hiring Manager

The supervisor for a particular vacancy who has the authority to make the final hiring decision. The hiring manager works closely with the hiring administrator to complete all aspects of the search process in accordance with established policies.


Hold for Scheduling: Ancillary Committee Review Pending

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state cannot be scheduled for an IRB meeting until the Ancillary Committee Review decision has been entered into the system.


Hold IRB Review - Continuing Review Required

This is a state in ARROW.  In this state, change applications are being held until a continuing review application has been submitted by the study team and reviewed by the IRB.


Hold IRB Review - Submission of Reportable Event Pending

This is a state in ARROW.  In this state, continuing and change applications are being held until a reportable event has been submitted by the study team.  Once the reportable event has been submitted, the continuing or change will transition back to the pre-review state.


Hours Worked

All time during which an employee is required or permitted to work, or to wait for work, when the employee is unable to use the working or waiting time effectively for his or her own purpose.


Human Resources

  1. Human Resources handles payroll, benefits, payroll funding information, recruiting, reclassifications and promotions, retirements, emeritus appointments, HR concerns.


Human Subjects Research

For information on human subjects research, please see the Institutional Review Board's website.


HUNGER

A strong desire for food.


Hybrid

  1. Hybrid learning is a formal education program in which a student learns at least in part through delivery of content and instruction via digital and online media with some element of student control over time, place, path, or pace.  Can also be called Blended Learning.


HYDROCHLORIC ACID (HCl)

Strong acid secreted by the abomasum that breaks down chemical bounds and thus contributes to the digestion of feeds.


HYDROLYSIS

Decomposition of a chemical compound by reaction with water.


I-9 Form

Federal form that proves employment eligibility that must be completed by all new employees.  UW-Madison completes their I-9s electronically using HireRight.  

Section 1 of the electronic I-9 form must be completed on or before the first day of the appointment.  The electronic I-9 system will provide the lists of acceptable documents and detailed instructions on how to complete the form.  The required documents must be presented in person to the hiring department within three days of the appointment start date.


Image Area

portion of paper on which ink can appear


ImageNow Printer

Software that enables you to "print" files into a .TIFF (tagged image file format); for desktop users, the ImageNow Printer will display as a device in the “Devices and Printers,” “Printers and Faxes” area of the Windows’ Control Panel.


Immediate Family Member

Includes an employee's spouse, parents and children; an employee's and employee's spouse's immediate family members, grandparents, grandchildren, aunts and uncles, brothers and sisters and their spouses; children over the age of 18 and their spouses; and any other relative who resides in the same household as the employee.


Impression

putting an image on paper


Imprint

adding copy to a previously printed page


In Exempt Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been identified as qualifying for exemption review and have been assigned an exempt reviewer.


In Expedited Review

This is state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been identified as qualifying for expedited review and have been assigned an expedited reviewer. 


Industrial Refrigeration Center (IRC)

  • The Industrial Refrigeration Consortium (IRC) is a collaborative effort between the University of Wisconsin-Madison and industry. They work to improve the safety, efficiency, and productivity of industrial refrigeration systems and technologies, realizing this goal by conducting applied research, delivering knowledge transfer, and providing technical assistance. Although efforts are focused on industrial refrigeration systems that utilize anhydrous ammonia, they also work with systems that use other refrigerants.

    The IRC offers a unique combination of complementary resources that include academic qualifications, technical expertise, and practical experience. They provide objective information that is not biased by an affiliation with any particular organization.


INFLORESCENCE

The arrangement of flowers on a stalk that characterizes a plant species.


Instance Number

  1. Instance Number, which can be viewed in ET, is a unique ET Number assigned to a unique offering of a course being held over specific dates in a specific location. See also: Program Number [KB Program Number]


Institutional Responsibilities

Institutional Responsibilities are an investigator's professional duties on behalf of the UW-Madison, which may include; research, research consultation, instruction, professional practice, extension/outreach, administrative activities and institutional committee memberships.


Internal Recruitment

Standard recruitment process that requires that applicants be currently employed at UW–Madison.


INTERNATIONAL UNITS (IU)

A unit of measurement of the amount of biologically active vitamin in a feed or required in a diet.


InterPro Customer Service

  1. InterPro Customer Service is responsible for handling emails from customers.


IRB Administrative Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state will undergo administrative review by the IRB submission manager in order to determine appropriate IRB and staff reviewer assignment.  In this state, the IRB submission manager can also send administrative issues to the study team. 


IRB Close Study

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB staff reviewer to close a study in the approved state once the study team has submitted a study completion report.


IRB Member Modification Review

This is a state in ARROW in which an IRB member can conduct a review of a modification response by the study team upon the request of an IRB staff reviewer.  In this state, the IRB member can submit modification review notes regarding their assessment of the modification response.  Then the IRB staff reviewer forwards the submission back to IRB Review of Modification Response.


IRB Pre-Meeting

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been scheduled for an IRB meeting and go through the pre-meeting state in order to be scheduled for PRS or confirmed for an upcoming IRB agenda.


IRB Pre-Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state will undergo pre-review by an assigned IRB staff reviewer.  The staff reviewer can perform multiple activities in this state, including sending the application for consultant review, sending the application to ancillary committee, completing pre-review checklist, and scheduling the application for an IRB meeting.


IRB Review of Modification Response

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state were previously reviewed by the IRB and modifications were requested.  The response from the study team requires review by the IRB to determine whether the study team has adequately addressed the IRB's requests.  In this state, the IRB staff reviewer can send the modification response to an IRB member or schedule it for review at a full meeting.


IRB Withdrawn

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been withdrawn by the IRB due to lack of response to an IRB request for modifications or deferral response.


iScript

A derivative of Visual Basic and Java; proprietary scripting language of Perceptive Software that automates business logic. Used in workflow queues.


KERNEL

The whole grain of a cereal. The meats of nuts and drupes (single stoned fruits).


KILO CALORIE (KCAL)

One thousand calories.


L&S Department ID/UDDS

A Department ID is the sequence of numbers that identifies a specific campus department, program, or entity. Historically, the Department ID was known as a "UDDS," which stands for "Unit, Division, Department, Subdepartment." This term is still in use in some resources, so we are including it in this glossary listing.

In more practical terms, a Department ID/UDDS is the unique combination of letters and numbers that identify the division, department, and possibly subdepartment, associated with a particular personnel, research, financial, or other activity or transaction.

EXAMPLE:  The full Department ID for a particular Letters & Science Department would be written as : 48XXXX.

"48" stands for "College of Letters & Science"

"XXXX" are the four numbers that identify the specific department, program, project, or other administrative entity.

A list of Letters & Science Department ID/UDDS numbers can be found at:

UW Madison Coding Information Dept ID

Click on the link and you will be directed to the Accounting Services web site.  Click on the Coding link on the left side of the screen.  Click on the Organization/Dept ID.  When the excel list opens click on A48 to find a list of all Letters & Science Departments and descriptions. 

UDDS Look Up Tool


L&S Majors, Certificates, and Degrees

The official lists of majors, certificates, and degrees offered in Letters & Science are available on-line:

  • The Guide provides a comprehensive list of undergraduate majors, special degree programs, certificates, and concentrations organized by the respective school or college that offers the academic program.
  • The Guide also provides a comprehensive list of graduate degrees, minors, and certificates. The information is organized alphabetically for all university programs.


Layoff Group

A group of employees in a single title from which the layoff will be made. The layoff group will generally include all employees in a particular operational area that are in similar, although not necessarily identical, titles, pay ranges and/or functions.


LDT and Marketing Production Team

  1. The LDT and Marketing Production Team Education Support Services team that is responsible for the creation, processing, and delivery of instructional and promotional assets for InterPro efforts.


Leadership Team

  1. The Leadership Team provides necessary support to enable the efficient execution of InterPro's overall operation.  The Leadership Team functions to ensure strong lines of communication between each sub-unit, encouraging alignment to InterPro's mission, pursuit of its vision, and overall effectiveness of execution.


Learning

 The process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience (Kolb, Experiential Learning; Experience as the Source of Learning and Development).


Learning Design and Technologies (LDT)

  1. The Learning Design and Technologies (LDT) team provides effective support, consultation, strategic planning, and leadership in all current and emerging areas of teaching, learning, and technologies. Their work supports faculty, staff and students, and includes all phases of instructional design, development, and evaluation.

    They are dedicated to providing high quality learning experiences; empowering stakeholders with effective best practices, technologies, support and consultation; building constructive partnerships with UW-Madison campus units; and sustaining a strong record of scholarly activity through research and conferences in order to stay informed of emerging areas that drive educational innovation.


Learning Environment

  1. learning environment is a combination of social and physical qualities that create the classroom experience. It includes classroom management procedures, as well as the way the space is organized, furnished and maintained.


LearnModes

A special type of application plan that can interface with Windows programs outside of Perceptive Content and pull information from them. The information can then be mapped to document keys.


LIPOPROTEINS

Protein coated packages that transport fats in the bloodstream


LIPOTROPIC

Any compound that helps to prevent the accumulation of abnormal or excessive amounts of fat in the liver, control blood sugar levels, and enhance fat and carbohydrate metabolism.


LIVER

A large gland that has multiple functions, one of which is to secrete bile and digestive enzymes that are mixed with the digesta entering the duodenum.


Make-ready

all the activities required to prepare a press for printing


Malnutrition

Lack of proper nutrition, caused by not having enough to eat, not eating enough of the right things, or being unable to use the food that one does eat (see more on Wikipedia).


Market

The comparison that employers use for UW–Madison job salaries (may be local, regional, national, or international depending on the job).


Marketing Message

  1. Marketing Message is content within promotional material that is designed to inform the reader about what to expect and why they should attend a course. Examples of Marketing Message content include: target audience, attending benefits, course content, and testimonials. It is often reviewed and updated with input from both the Program Director and/or Program Associate and the EPD Marketing team. It does not include administrative/logistical information.


MEGACALORIE

One million calories.


Member

A member is a person who is included as part of a group.


METABOLIZABLE PROTEIN

In ruminant nutrion, metabolizable protein, often abbreviated MP, is the amount of digestible protein that reach the small intestine, which is the source of amino acids absorbed into the blood. The three main sources of MP include rumen undegraded protein (the dietary protein fraction that has not been degraded in the rumen), the microbial (bacterial) protein synthesized in the rumen from the fermentation process, and the endogenous protein (intestinal digestive enzymes and sloughed cells from the gastro-intestinal tract). The latter source is minimal.


METRITIS

Inflammation of the uterus.


MFA-Duo (multi-factor authentication)

Multi-factor authentication is part of the new UW–Madison login process that verifies your identity. It combines something you know (your NetID and password) with something you have (smartphone, token/fob or tablet) preventing anyone but you from logging into a system. UW-Madison has partnered with Duo to provide this service.

You will now need to log in by:

  1. Entering your NetID and password, and

  2. Confirming your login with the Duo app on your device.


MICROBE

Animal or vegetal organism of microscopic dimension (syn Microorganism).


MICROORGANISM

(see Microbe).


Microsoft 365 (Email and Calendaring System)

Office 365 is a cloud-based service provided by Microsoft. To see what features are available in UW-Madison's implementation, check here: Microsoft 365 - What features are included in Microsoft 365?


Microsoft 365 Account

The location in the Office 365 system where your email, calendar, task list, and address book are stored. Each Office 365 account has one primary address, but can have many alternate addresses.


Microsoft 365 Transition Website

Located at 365transition.wisc.edu, the Office 365 Transition Website is the first stop for those who are interested to know more about the transition. It provides general info on everything from the project history and the business case to the Office 365 Team roster and announcements to campus.


Microsoft 365 Video

Office 365 Video is an intranet website portal where people can post and view videos. It's a streaming video service that's available with SharePoint Online in Office 365. It's a great place to share videos of executive communications or recordings of classes, meetings, presentations, or training sessions, for example. Office 365 Video displays a thumbnail image of each video on the site. You just select a thumbnail to view a particular video.


MILK FEVER

Condition that occurs immediately or within the first day after calving. The cow has cold ears and a dry muzzle. This condition is due to a calcium imbalance. As opposed to what the name implies, there is no "fever", but rather a paralysis of the limbs.


MINERAL

1. The inorganic chemical elements (e.g., calcium phosphorus magnesium) determined by combusting a sample in a furnace and weighing the mineral residue. 2. Minerals play major roles in numerous metabolic processes. (syn Ash).


Modfications Requested

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have gone to an IRB meeting and IRB modifications have been sent to the study team.  Study teams must submit a response to the modifications before the study can move on from this state.


Moire

occurs when screen angles are wrong causing odd patterns in photographs


MONOGASTRIC

Having one digestive cavity (i.e., one stomach).


MORBIDITY

Morbidity is an incidence of ill health. It is measured in various ways, often by the probability that a randomly selected individual in a population at some date and location would become seriously ill in some period of time. Contrast to mortality.


Mortality

is incidence of death in a population. It is measured in various ways, often by the probability that a randomly selected individual in a population at some date and location would die in some period of time. Contrast to morbidity.


MULTIPAROUS (cow)

A cow that has given birth more than once.


NCR

multiple-part paper form that does not use carbon paper


NET ENERGY OF LACTATION (NEl)

The amount of energy in a feed which is available for milk production and body maintenance. Feeds generally are similar in total energy content but vary widely in the proportion of the total energy which is available for maintenance and milk production. The remainder of the energy in the feed is lost in the feces urine, gas belched form the rumen and excess heat production by the cow. In the cow, it takes 0.74 Mcal NEl to produce 1 kg of milk containing 4% fat and the net energy content of most feed range from 0.9 to 2.2 Mcal NEl per kg dry matter.


NEUTRAL DETERGENT FIBER (NDF)

A measure of the amount of cell wall in a feed determined by a laboratory procedure. Neutral detergent fiber includes cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin.


New Continuing Review (CR)

This is an activity available to study teams for all studies in the Approved state.  This allows study teams to initiate a new continuing review application.


New Reportable Event

This is an activity available to study teams for all studies in the Approved state.  This allows study teams to initiate a reportable event. 


NON-FIBER CARBOHYDRATE

Carbohydrates that are not part of the neutral detergent fiber, but generally accumulate in the plant as energy reserve (e.g., starch). These carbohydrates usually are more rapidly and more completely digested than the fibrous carbohydrates (syn Non-structural carbohydrate).


NON-PROTEIN NITROGEN (NPN)

Nitrogen that comes from a source other than protein but may be used by a ruminant in the building of protein. NPN sources include compounds such as urea and anhydrous ammonia, which are used in feed formulations for ruminant only.


Non-Service Related Appointment

Income with no work requirement; related to a non-service appointment (e.g. Fellow, Scholar, Trainee). Payment of the funds is not dependent on work or service to the university performed by the recipient.


NON-STRUCTURAL CARBOHYDRATE

(see non-fiber carbohydrate).


Nonexempt Supervisor

An employee who is responsible for supervising two or more FTEs but is not exempt from the overtime provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as indicated in the employee’s position description.


Notebook Production Group (NPG)

  1. The Notebook Production Group (NPG) collaborates with instructors and EPD faculty and staff to create high-quality digital and printed course material for EPD's professional development courses. The team uses a combination of tools, expertise, and a streamlined, efficient, and organized process are to ensure that all materials meet the needs of both internal and external customers.


NUTRIENT

The chemical substances found in feeds that can be used, and are necessary, for the maintenance, production and health of the animal. The main classes of nutrients are carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, vitamins and water.


NUTRIENT REQUIREMENT

This refers to meeting the animal's need of the various classes of nutrients for maintenance, growth, reproduction, lactation and physical work.


OAR

Outside Activities Report  


These reports are submitted annually by UW-Madison faculty, academic staff and personnel named upon any federally-funded or human subjects research. The form can be found here.


Occasional (Sporadic)

Work that is infrequent, irregular or occurring in scattered instances, even when it recurs seasonally. However, work that recurs every other week is not occasional or sporadic.


Offset Paper

term for uncoated paper


OHR

OHR refers to the Campus Office of Human Resources


Onboarding

Integrating and acculturating new employees into the university and providing them with the tools, resources, and knowledge to become successful and productive. Onboarding engages employees beginning with the acceptance of the job offer, and continues through the entire first year of employment.


OneDrive for Business

OneDrive for Business is Office 365's file hosting service. It allows users to upload and sync files to a cloud storage and then access them from a web browser or their local device.


Online Coordinator

  1. The Online Coordinator helps manage the processes and resource allocation related to the design, development, and delivery of EPD's professional development online courses. The Online Coordinator collaborates with Program Directors, instructors, the Learning Design & Technologies team, and Program Support to execute all phases of a course's lifecycle.


Online Support

  1. Online Support offers support for Canvas, Web Conferencing software (Zoom), screen-casting software, Box used in online courses, CAE Software Troubleshooting, Campus Software Library troubleshooting outside of departmental desktop support.


Operational Area

An area of focus or function in a college, school or division, department or office. An operational area will generally be a subset of a college, school or division, department or office, and need not include the whole unit.


ORGANIC MATTER

Compounds composed of carbon oxygen hydrogen and nitrogen. All living organisms are composed primarily of organic matter. Fats, carbohydrates and proteins are examples of organic compounds.


Orientation

A component of onboarding that introduces a new hire to her/his new employment and environment. Orientation is a short-term activity or series of activities that typically takes place in the first week of employment.


Original

material that is to be reproduced using various printing methods. i.e., PDFs, documents, photographs, artwork, product sample, or artist's drawing


ORTS

This is a German word that refers to leftovers of a meal. In dairy nutrition the orts is the amount of feed refused from a daily offering. In dairy nutrition research, orts must be sampled and analyzed in order to calculate with precision the consumption of dry matter and nutrients by the cow. Orts expressed as a percent of dry matter offered is a criteria to determine whether an animal was fed ad libitum (Syn: refusals).


Outlook 2016 for Mac

Microsoft Outlook 2016 for Mac is an email and calendar client that's available as part of Microsoft's Office suite. It is the latest version of Outlook for the Mac OS and can be used to manage email, calendar, contacts, and more.


Outlook Profile

A profile is what Outlook desktop client uses to remember the e-mail accounts and the settings that tell Outlook which account(s) to connect to and where your e-mail is stored.


Overlay

transparent cover sheet on artwork often used for instructions


PANCREAS

An irregularly shaped gland that secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum and produces insulin that is released into the blood.


PAPILLAE (reticulo-rumen)

1. Small projections on the inner surface of the rumen and the reticulum wall that increase the surface area of absorption of volatile fatty acids and other end-products of bacterial fermentation.


Part-Time

A position less than 1.0 FTE which is regularly scheduled to work less than 40 hours over a one week period, or less than 80 hours over a two week period.


PARTURITION

The act of giving birth (Syn Calving).


Payment for Environmental Services (PES)

Payments to farmers or landowners who have agreed to take certain actions to manage their land or watersheds to provide an ecological service. As the payments provide incentives to land owners and managers, PES is a market-based mechanism, similar to subsidies and taxes, to encourage the conservation of natural resources.


Perceptive Content

Perceptive Content, formerly ImageNow, is a Hyland system provided to campus that allows users to enter and store documents. Documents are commonly entered via scanner, but can be “printed” into the system or bulk-imported as well.


Perceptive Content

The desktop application used to access the Imaging Service at UW-Madison .


Perceptive Experience

Perceptive Experience is an HTML5 web client that can access and view documents in the Imaging System on all operating systems. Unlike WebNow Perceptive Experience does not "look" like the Perceptive Content desktop client. Thus there is "get acquainted" period in learning its use. We have several KnowledgeBase documents about Perceptive Experience:


Perf (Perforation)

a series of small cuts at regular intervals usually made to help a sheet tear apart evenly


Perfect bind

type of binding that uses glue on the spine of the sheets to adhere a cover to the sheets, like a phone book


Perfecting

see page 14, job F141491 for example


Permanent Status

The rights and privileges attained upon successful completion of an original probationary period or career-executive trial period required upon an appointment to a permanent position.


Permissions

In Microsoft 365, permissions can enable an individual to access another individual's mail, calendars, and contacts. For example, if User A wanted the ability to modify events in User B's calendar, User B would need to assign read/write/modify permissions to User A. Review complete list of permissions levels (and definitions): Microsoft 365 - Mail and Calendar folder permission levels.


POLYGASTRIC

Having more than one digestive cavity; Having a stomach divided into different chambers (e.g., ruminants).


Pre-Submission

This is a state in ARROW. Pre-submission is the default state for any newly-created submission. Applications in Pre-Submission have not yet been submitted to the IRB.


PRECISION

1. The degree with which a measurement is reproducible, that is, yielding similar results when repeated (see also Accuracy).
2. the number of significant digits to which a value has been reliably measured.


PREGNANT

Having one or several fetus growing inside the uterus.


Premium Rate

The employee’s regular rate times 1.5.


Prevailing Wage Rate

The amount paid by other employers in the labor market for similar work. The rate is established by the State of Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development.


Primary Address

In Microsoft 365, your primary address is the email address associated with your Microsoft 365 account that will appear as your "From" address on emails and calendar invites. It will also appear as a result in the global address look up feature in Microsoft 365. For further information, click here.


PRIMIPAROUS (cow)

1. A young cow that is pregnant for the first time. 2. A cow that has given birth once.


process color

the process of combining four basic colors to create a printed color picture or colors composed from the basic four colors


Program Number

  1. A Program Number can currently be viewed in CSIS by using the unique ET Instance Number assigned to a unique offering of a course being held over specific dates in a specific location. See also: Instance Number [KB Program Number]


Program Support

  • Program Support is responsible for working with program directors, department faculty, guest lecturers, instructional designers, technical specialists, and student employees to coordinate the scheduling, development, and delivery of both credit and non-credit courses from inception through evaluation.


PROTEASE

Digestive enzyme that breakdown proteins into peptides.


PROTEIN

A chain or multiple chains of amino acids (more than 100). Proteins are composed of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen nitrogen (16% on average,found in the form of amino acids) and often sulfur. Proteins have important functions in the body. They are present in all plants and animals and they are essential in the ration of animals. See also Crude Protein.


PROTOZOAN

Most primitive form of life in the animal kingdom composed of only one microscopic cell.


PYLORUS

The passage connecting the stomach (abomasum) to the duodenum.


RADICLE

The part of a plant embryo that develops into the primary root.


RDS - Remote Desktop Service

The Remote Desktop Service (RDS) is a Windows Terminal Server that provides supplemental and/or remote access to applications that are only available on campus, typically on a Windows platform.

See:  

Note: This service replaces The Windows Access Facility (WAF) which retired July, 2020.


Recruitment, Assessment, and Selection Plan

A document created by division HR in collaboration with division leadership, and approved by OHR which provides overall guidelines for recruitment, assessment and selection. It outlines the division’s expectations of specific steps, processes and requirements for recruitment, assessment and selection and identifies plans and procedures to increase diversity.


Recurring Appointments

When a temporary employee continues in the same position each year.


Regular Rate

The average hourly rate actually paid to the employee as straight time pay for all hours worked in the workweek or work period, including all remuneration for employment paid to, or on behalf of, the employee. An exception is any payment specifically excluded from the calculation of the regular rate under the FLSA and related federal regulations.


REGURGITATION

Reversal of the natural direction in which contents flow through a tube or a cavity in the body. During rumination, rumen contents are regurgitated through the esophagus in the mouth for further mastication.


Reportable Events

Refers to any submission that is not an initial, continuing or change of protocol.  Reportable events include noncompliance, new information, adverse events and unanticipated problems.


Research (Applied)

Study directed toward gaining (scientific) knowledge to meet a recognized need


Research (Basic)

Study directed toward gaining (scientific) knowledge primarily for its own sake


Resilience

The capacity of a system to buffer shock and stresses. The ability to recover from setbacks, adapt well to change, and keep going in the face of adversity.


Resolved

This is an end state in ARROW.  Reportable events in this state have been acknowledged by the IRB, but no further action is needed and therefore, the reportable event is considered resolved. 


Resource Account

In Office 365, a resource account is a non-person account that can be classified as either "room" or "equipment". Examples can include meeting/conference rooms, audio-visual equipment, or vacation calendars. Individuals must be granted permissions to interact with a resource account. More details.


RETICULO-RUMEN

The first two stomachs of a ruminant comprised of the reticulum and the rumen. A microbial population lives in the rumen and enable the cow to digest dietary fiber. The digesta in the rumen and the reticulum is being exchanged once about every 50 to 60 seconds under the influence of a rhythmic cycle of contraction which also results in passage of some digesta from the reticulum into the omasum through the reticulo-omasal orifice.


RETICULUM

The second stomach of a ruminant in which folds of the mucous membrane form hexagonal cells. Also called honeycomb stomach. The reticulum is joined to the omasum by the reticulo-omasal orifice.


Reviewer Notes

Reviewer Notes are notes made in an application by IRB staff. Reviewer notes labeled IRB Question require a response from the study team. Only IRB staff can create Reviewer Notes in ARROW.


RHIZOBIUM

A type of bacteria that live in association with the roots of legume plants and make the nitrogen of the air available to the plants.


RHIZOME

A root-like usually horizontal stem growing under or along the ground that sends out roots from its lower surfaces and leaves or shoots from its upper surface.


RICKETS

A deficiency disease resulting from a lack of vitamin D or lack of sunshine exposure, characterized by defective bone growth.


Right-Angle fold

two folds at right angles to each other


Roles

Each user has at least one role assigned to them in ARROW. A user's current role appears in the gold box on the left side menu of the homepage. Some users will have multiple roles. Click the desired role under the My Roles text on the left side menu to change roles in the system. Be sure to select the correct role since different activities are available to users based on their role.


ROOT

Part of the plant, usually under ground that maintain the plant, withdraw water and other nutrient from the soil, and sometimes accumulate reserves of nutrients.


Rules

A feature in Office 365 which allows you to take some action when a message arrives into your account or when you are sending a message. Examples of potential actions include move/copy/delete, mark with a category/read/importance, or forward/redirect.


RUMEN

The large first compartment of the stomach of a ruminant from which food is regurgitated and in which cellulose in broken down by the action of the symbiotic bacterial, protozoa, and fungal populations.


Salesforce Lookup field


A lookup field in Salesforce is used to find other records in Salesforce to build relationships between records.  For example, in a contact record one uses a lookup field to find and relate another record such as an organization or community to the contact.

Lookup fields are not searchable in the global search on the home page, but can be searched with the Enhance Lookup feature.  See a video about this in knowledge base article Wildcard search and search limitations (video)


Scanner Profile

A reuseable collection of settings that defines scanner parameters. A scanner profile sets things like DPI (dots per inch) and Simplex (single-side) /Duplex (double-sided) on scans. Scanner profiles are located and set in capture profiles.


Scientific Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state must undergo review by the Institute for Clinical and Translational Research Scientific Review Committee (ICTR SRC), the UW Cancer Center Protocol Review and Monitoring Committee (PRMC) or the Clinical and Translational Research Core  Protocol Implementation Review (CTRC PIR) before moving on to the IRB Pre-Review state.


Score

an intentional crease made in paper to help eliminate cracking when folded


SCOUR

see diarrhea.


SECRETION

The movement of a material from one place to another. Secretion is often required to move a material to the place where it can be excreted. Examples of materials secreted include all materials excreted (see Excretion above), plus enzymes, hormones and saliva. The organs that play a role in secretion include all those involved in excretion, plus the digestive glands like salivary glands, pancreas, liver and gallbladder and endocrine glands like the thyroid gland, pituitary gland, and ovaries and testes.


Self cover

a cover of the same paper as inside text pages


Send to Pre-Submission

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to send an application back to the Pre-Submission state from the Withdrawn state. For example, the PI withdrew an application from the IRB review process and now wants to start the submission process again using the previously withdrawn application.


SERUM

The clear yellowish fluid obtained upon separating the clotted whole blood into its liquid and solid (red and white blood cells) components.


Service Account

Microsoft 365 service accounts are intended to be used for shared/changing roles (e.g., info, secretary, webmaster, newsletter, feedback, etc.) or service/programmatic access (e.g., printers, copiers, mailers). Service accounts can be accessed via all Outlook clients. Learn more about the types of accounts available within UW-Madison's implementation of Microsoft 365.


Service Related Appointments

Employment payment, compensation for work performed in service to the university. Income is contingent upon an activity or employee position (e.g. Project Assistant, Research Associate, Teaching Assistant, etc.).


SharePoint

SharePoint is a web application framework and platform which integrates intranet, content management, and document management. You can use it as a secure place to store, organize, share, and access information from almost any device. Learn more.


SharePoint Designer

Microsoft SharePoint Designer is a specialized HTML editor and web design freeware for creating or modifying Microsoft SharePoint sites, workflows and web pages.


Shop Supervisor

Position that supervises Crafts Workers.


Short Course

  • A Short Course is one of the main products EPD offers. These are 1-5 day courses that are held either on-campus or in a popular location. Participants earn continuing education credits or professional development hours by attending that may be used toward professional licensure, i.e.: Licensed engineers in WI must earn 30 credits/hours every biennium. See also non-credit.


Signature

a sheet of printed pages that when folded become part of a publication (i.e., book, magazine, etc.)


Significant Financial Interest (SFI)

A Significant Financial Interest means any financial interests held by an investigator (and/or his or her immediate family), or by a business entity controlled or directed by the investigator or a member of his or her immediate family, that has monetary value, whether or not the value is readily ascertainable, including:

  • Remuneration (e.g. salary, consulting fees, honoraria, paid authorship, etc.) received from a publicly traded entity in the twelve months preceding disclosure, and the value of any equity interest (stock, stock option, or other ownership interest) in the entity at the date of disclosure that, when aggregated, exceed $5,000
  • Remuneration, (e.g. salary, consulting fees, honoraria, paid authorship, etc.) received from a non-publicly traded entity of greater than $5,000 in the twelve months preceding the disclosure
  • Any equity interest (e,g. stock, stock option, or other ownership interest) in a non-publicly traded entity
  • Royalty income from intellectual property rights not arising out of university employment, which are not assigned to organizations created to manage such rights on behalf of the University of Wisconsin-Madison (WARF)
  • Reimbursed or sponsored travel related to institutional responsibilities that is not reimbursed or sponsored by a government agency, a U.S. university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a U.S. university
  • Service in positions with fiduciary responsibility , including senior managers (e.g. presidents, vice presidents, etc.) and members of boards of directors, whether or not the investigator receives compensation for such service.

Significant financial interests do not include the following:

  • Salary, royalties, or other remuneration received from UW-Madison, the University of Wisconsin Medical Foundation, or the VA
  • Royalty income from intellectual property rights arising out of UW-Madison employment that are assigned to organizations created to manage such rights on behalf of the University of Wisconsin-Madison (WARF)
  • Income from investment vehicles, such as mutual funds and retirement accounts, as long as the investigator does not control the investment decisions made in these vehicles
  • Income from seminars, lectures, or teaching engagements sponsored by a domestic government agency, a university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a university
  • Income from service on advisory committees or review panels for a domestic government agency, a university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a university
  • Travel related to institutional responsibilities that is reimbursed or sponsored by a domestic government agency, a university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a university.


Similar Title

A title in the same title series.


SPHINCTER

A ring-like muscle that maintains constriction of a bodily passage or orifice and opens upon relaxation.


SPROUT (to)

To grow or to develop quickly (syn to germinate).


Stack by page or subset

to keep each piece separate or independent


STANDARD DEVIATION (statistics)

Standard deviation (SD) is a measure of the dispersion of a set of data from its mean. If the data points are further from the mean, there is higher deviation within the data set. The SD shares the same unit as the mean. The SD is calculated as the square root of variance by determining the variation between each data point relative to the mean. The symbol for standard deviation is σ (the Greek letter sigma). Approximately, in a normal distribution,
38% of all observations are within ± 0.5 SD units of the mean;
68% of all observations are within ± 1 SD units of the mean;
95% of all observations are within ± 2 SD units of the mean;
99% of all observations are within ± 3 SDunits of the mean.


Standard Recruitment

Merit-based process used to fill most vacancies. This process allows UW–Madison the flexibility to target specific skill sets as well as a diverse pool of qualified candidates. The process is open to all qualified candidates and does not require that applicants be employed at UW–Madison.


STARCH

Carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots, an stem pith of plants notably in corn, potatoes, wheat and rice. Warm season grasses (C4 plants) store starch in chloroplasts in leaf tissue. C4 grasses such as Bermuda Paspalum or Rhodes grasses grown under heat stress may contain considerable starch in leafy tissue. Nutritionally, it is referred to as non-structural carbohydrate as opposed to the carbohydrate found in the neutral detergent fiber of the plant.


State of Wisconsin Adjusted Continuous Service

All time employed by the State of Wisconsin in either the Unclassified, Classified or University staff service in a permanent capacity, adjusted for breaks in service, shall be counted in determining an employee’s length of continuous service. This excludes time served as a Limited Term or Project Employee.


Step-and-repeat

the process of placing the same image on a single sheet or page of a document multiple times


Stereotype Threat

 The term refers to being at risk [given a specific set of contextual circumstances] of confirming a negative stereotype about one's social group as a self-characteristic [i.e., a personal trait]. For example, Let's say that you find yourself in a situation in which you realize that someone may have a steretotype about you [because of you physical appearance, gender or any other general characteristic of social group] and there is a part of you that is afraid that your [about to be undertaking] action and behavior will prove to that person that the stereotype is true. The concept was first introduced in seminal publication of Steele and Arsonson (1995) (see also ResearchGate link).


STILLBORN CALF

A calf born dead or that dies within 48 hours of birth.


STOVER

Fodder; mature-cured stalks from which seeds have been removed, such as stalks of corn or stalk of sorghum without heads.


STRAW

The plant residue remaining after separation of the seeds in threshing. It includes chaff.


STRUCTURAL CARBOHYDRATE

(see Fibrous carbohydrate).


Student Services

  1. Student Services helps coordinate activities related to admissions, academic services and student support. The unit manages day to day interactions with customers and acts as a primary point of contact throughout customer lifecycle.


Stunted growth

Stunted growth also known as stunting and nutritional stunting, is a reduced growth rate in human development, characterized by a low height for one's age. It is a primary manifestation of malnutrition (or more precisely undernutrition) and recurrent infections, such as diarrhea and helminthiasis, in early childhood and even before birth, due to malnutrition during fetal development brought on by a malnourished mother. An estimated 162 million children under 5 years of age, or 25%, were stunted in 2012 (Source: Wikipedia).


Sub-recipient

UW-Madison Conflict of Interest Policy defines sub-recipient to mean an entity or individual named on a subcontract from UW-Madison on a federally-funded award or human subjects research protocol.


Submit Administrative Hold Response

After a study has been approved with an administrative hold, study teams must resolve the conditions of this hold; this is done by submitting a response.  


Submit Deferral Response

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to submit a deferral response to the IRB.  Once the PI or POC submits the deferral response, the submission transitions back to the IRB Pre-Review state.


Submit Issues Response

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to submit their response to issues sent by the IRB.  Once the PI or POC submits their response to issues, the submission transitions back to the IRB Pre-Review state.


Submit Modification Response

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to submit their modification response to the IRB.  Once the PI or POC submits their modification response, the submission transitions to the IRB Review of Modification Response state.


Submit Modification Review Notes

Review state to the IRB Review of Modification Response state once the assigned IRB member(s) has completed their review. 


Submit Request to Reactivate

This is an activity in ARROW that allows a PI or POC to submit a request to reactivate a submission that is in the IRB withdrawn state.  


Submit Request to Reopen

This is an activity in ARROW that allows a PI or POC to submit a request to reopen a study that is in the Study Completed state or in the Closed state.


Submit Study Completion Report

This is an activity in ARROW that allows a PI or POC to submit their study completion report.  This activity is available in the following states for an initial review: Approved, Exemption Granted, Expired.  The study then transitions to the Study Completed state.


Synchronous

  1. Synchronous learning refers to a learning environment in which everyone takes part at the same time. Lecture is an example of synchronous learning in a face-to-face environment, where learners and teachers are all in the same place at the same time.


Technical Support

  1. The Technical Support Team is responsible for departmental desktop, laptop, and mobile device support. You can also contact them for help with local department systems, Box, Teams, USI, and Microsoft Office.


Teleconference

  1. A Teleconference is a conference with participants in different locations linked by telecommunications devices.


Temporary Appointment

An at-will position with no expectation of continued employment, capped at 1,044 hours worked in 26 consecutive bi-weekly payroll periods, nonexempt under the Fair Labor Standards Act, and lasting one year or less (based on the start date of the appointment).


Temporary Employee

An employee serving a temporary appointment.


Teragram

One trillion (1x1012) grams = one million 1x106) metric tons (see Units of Mass in Metric System).


Terminated

This is both a potential motion that can be made by the IRB upon review of a reportable event, as well as a state in ARROW.  Studies that are in the terminated state can be forwarded to the end state, Archive, by the IRB submission manager or will be automatically archived after 18 months. 


THYROID GLAND

A two-lobed gland located in the throat and secreting the hormone thyroxin, which regulates the iodine metabolism in the body.


TIMED ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION

Method of AI breeding in which the timing of artificial insemination (AI) is based on a hormonal protocol that synchronizes the timing of ovulation. This is in contrast to timing insemination based on direct or indirect detection of estrous behavior. Hormonal protocols for Timed AI were developed in 1995 and have been widely adopted by dairy producers for reproductive management.


Total Mixed Ration (TMR)

Refers to the practice of loading pre-determined amounts of all feed ingredients and blending them in a mixer, followed by delivery to a group of cows, usually housed and managed in confinement. Typically a dairy nutrition consultant will make recommendations using least-cost ration formulation software to determine the amounts and type of feed to blend based on economic considerations (minimizing feed cost), while providing the lactating cows with all know nutrients required for health and high milk production performance.


TOTAL MIXED RATION (TMR)

Mixture of the forages, concentrates, minerals and vitamin supplements of a ration. The total mixed ration has the advantage of offering a balanced ration at each meal rather than on a 24 h basis.


Transportation Information Center (TIC)

  1. The Transportation Information Center (TIC) provides state and local municipalities with the resources and training required to manage their road systems. Training — from government and industry experts, engineering consultants, contractors, and highway and enforcement agency representatives — includes one-day workshops in several different locations around the state. Resources include videos, and online and printed manuals, bulletins, and Crossroads articles.

    The TIC is part of the
    National Local Technical Assistance Program Association (NLTAPA), as Wisconsin's LTAP center.


Trapping

used to expand the dominant ink to be printed larger-than the less-dominant ink, used to help tight registration on offset printing


TRIGLYCERIDE

A fat composed of three fatty acids and glycerol.


Trim Box

(see also Keyline defintion)


Trim marks

see crop marks


Trim size

finished size after final trim is made


TRYPSIN

Digestive enzyme secreted by the pancreas and responsible for the break down of peptide bonds of proteins. Some plants contain a trypsin inhibitor that prevent trypsin from functioning properly.


UDDER

Mammary gland of a cow.


UGSR*

Special student classification: Senior Guest auditors 
Wisconsin residents age 60+ by the first day of class are eligible to audit lecture courses with instructor approval on a space available basis tuition-free. Some exceptions do apply. Learn More.


ULTRA-VIOLET:

Ray in sunlight which enables vitamin D to be synthesized under the skin.


UNDERFEEDING

Usually refers to feeding insufficient energy.


Unit of Mass in Metric System

1,000,000,000,000,000  1x1015 petagram (Pg) quadrillion  
1,000,000,000,000  (Million Metric Tons or Megatonnes)1x1012 teragram (Tg) trillion
 1,000,000,000  (Thousand Metric Tons) 1x109 gigagram (Gg) billion
 1,000,000  (Metric Ton) 1x106 megagram (Mg) million
 1,000   1x103 kilogram (Kg) thousand  
 100   1x102 hectogram (Hg) hundred  
 10   1x101 decagram (Dg) ten  
 1    gram    
   0.1 10-1 decigram (dg) tenth   
   0.01 10-2 centigram (cg) hundredth  
   0.001 10-3 milligram (mg) thousandth  
   0.000,001 10-6 microgram (µg) millionth  
   0.000,000,001 10-9 nanogram (ng) billionth  
   0.000,000,000,001 10-12 picogram (pg) trillionth  
   0.000,000,000,000,001 10-15 femtogram (fp) quadrillionth  


University Staff

University staff positions focus primarily on supporting education, research, and the campus infrastructure. If a position involves functions that are similar in nature to other positions in Wisconsin state government, the position is university staff. These positions include accountants, administrative support associates, nurses, microbiologists, and custodians.


SOURCE: Office of Human Resources


University Staff

  1. University Staff hold positions in virtually every unit on campus. The University Staff positions are quite varied and duties include, but are not limited to, administrative support, information technology, accounting, engineering, in addition to custodial, food service, and craftsworkers and contribute daily to the quality and reputation of a University recognized and respected around the world. 


UNRS*

Special student classification: Admission requirements for graduate or professional school

Students completing courses and/or other admission requirements for graduate or professional school.


UNSATURATED FAT

Fat containing fatty acids that can accept hydrogen atoms to saturate their structure (e.g., oleic, linoleic, linolenic and arachidonic acids).


UREA [CO(NH2)2]

A nitrogen-containing organic compound found in urine and other body fluids. Urea is synthesized from ammonia and carbon dioxide. Urea can be used as fertilizer or as a source of nitrogen in the ration of ruminants.


UW red

the mixed ink graphic standard for UW printing; also PMS 200


UW–Madison Adjusted Continuous Service

All time employed by UW–Madison in either the Unclassified, Classified or University Staff service in a permanent capacity, adjusted for breaks in service, shall be counted in determining an employee’s length of continuous service. This excludes time served as a temporary or project employee.


Varnish

clear ink-like substance that is applied to printed surfaces for appearance and protection


Very Low Density Lipoprotein (VLDL)

Particles that carry cholesterol and fat throughout the bloodstream. These particles are released from the liver into the bloodstream. They are similar to chylomicrons which originate from the gut because they both carry cholesterol and triglycerides which are gradually released in the bloodstream to be absorbed by body cells along the way. In the process of losing triglycerides, the VLDLs grow smaller and turn into LDLs (Low Density Lipoprotein) which have lost all their triglycerides.


View Differences

This is an activity in ARROW that allows IRB staff, IRB members, and study teams to view differences between versions of the submitted smartform application.  For example, if a study team made changes to the initial review application as a result of IRB Pre-Review and submitted those change to the IRB, a new version of the application is tracked.  The study team and the IRB staff can easily view the differences between the old and new version of the application by using this activity button.


VOLUNTARY WAITING PERIOD

The number of days between calving and first attempt to breed a cow. A typical voluntary waiting period is 45 days. However, it may varies from less than 40 to 80 days depending on farmer’s preference and reproductive protocol in place on the farm.


W-9 Form

  1. Form W-9 is a commonly used IRS form titled Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification. True to its name, individuals and entities use the form to provide their taxpayer identification number to entities that will pay them income during the tax year. Companies use your W-9 for accounting purposes but doesn't send the form to the IRS. The information is used to prepare 1099-MISC forms at the end of the year.


Watermark

distinctive design created in paper at the time of manufacture that can be easily seen by holding the paper up to a light


Web Conference

  1. A Web Conference is a form of real-time communication in which multiple computer users, all connected via the Internet, see the same screen at the same time in their Web browsers. Some Web conferencing systems include features such as text chat, VoIP (voice over IP), whiteboard, and full-motion video. Can also be referred to as a Webinar.


Webinar

  1. A Webinar is a type of web conference that allow participants in different locations to see and hear the presenter, ask questions and generally interact by connecting over the Internet. The distinction between web conference, webcast and webinar is becoming particularly difficult to define as functionality and usage becomes more similar.


Wisc Account Administration Site

A web site that allows administrators and end users to manage accounts (NetID and departmental) that access Office 365, WiscMail, CloudFax, Box, Qualtrics, LastPass, and Google Apps.


With the grain

folding or feeding paper into the press or folder parallel to the grain of paper


Withdraw

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to withdraw a submission from the initial review process.  This activity moves the submission to the Withdrawn state at which time the PI or POC can make a copy of the application, send it back to Pre-Submission or archive it.


Withdraw Change

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to withdraw a submitted change from the review process.  This activity moves the submission to the Withdrawn state at which time the PI or POC can send the submission back to Pre-Submission or archive it.


Withdraw Continuing Review

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to withdraw a submitted continuing review from the review process.  This activity moves the submission to the Withdrawn state at which time the PI or POC can send the submission back to Pre-Submission or archive it.


Withdraw Reportable Event

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to withdraw a submitted continuing review from the review process.  This activity moves the submission to the Withdrawn state at which time the PI or POC can send the submission back to Pre-Submission.


Withdrawn

This is a state in ARROW.  Submissions in this state have been withdrawn by the PI or POC.  Submissions in this state can be sent back to Pre-Submission or Archived by the PI or POC.


Work and tumble

using the same plate and same guide, printing one side of a sheet, and flipping it from gripper to tail to print on the back of the sheet. Similar to perfecting but 2 passes


Work and turn

using the same plate and common guide, printing one side of a sheet, and flipping it from left to right to print on the back of the sheet


Workflow

A workflow is a series of activities/steps that are necessary to complete a task. Each step in a workflow has a specific step before it and a specific step after it, with the exception of the first and last steps. In a linear workflow, the first step is usually initiated by an outside event. If the workflow has a loop structure, however, the first step is initiated by the completion of the last step. Example workflow: A shared conference room needs to be managed on a first-come-first-served basis. Assigned users would be able to reserve the conference room if it is available. Otherwise, the invitation will be declined automatically by the resource calendar.


Workflow

A set of customizable queues that documents can optionally be sent to once entered into the Imaging Service.

Workflow lets you route a document through a business process from start to finish with a customizable set of options.