A-basis

Salary rate computed on a twelve-month, annual basis.


Abomasum

The fourth digestive chamber of the digestive system of most ruminants. The abomasum is located after the forestomachs (rumen, reticulum and omasum) and before the first segment of the small intestine (i.e., the duodenum); It is sometimes referred to as the "true" stomach because of its acid-secreting ability, which is found in most other mammalian species.


Academic Staff

Professional and administrative personnel with 1) Duties that are exempt from the overtime provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA); and 2) Perform work that is primarily associated with higher education institutions or their administration.


Academic Staff

  1. Academic Staff are respected professionals who hold positions in virtually every unit on campus. These positions are either unique to higher education and/or provide direct support for academic programming and/or develop and implement policies at UW-Madison. The academic staff contribute daily to the quality and reputation of a University recognized and respected around the world. Learn more


Academic Staff

Academic Staff: a professional and administrative employee other than faculty with duties and types of appointments that are primarily associated with higher education institutions or their administration.  Each academic staff has a principal role related to research, teaching, outreach, student services, information technology, libraries, communications, clinical/health services, or other responsibilities. 


Account Consolidation

The process of combining multiple accounts into a single account during the transition to Office 365.


Accounting and Financial Team

  1. The Accounting Team offers support with non-credit custom course contracts, credit courses accounting administration, research and effort administration, hotel contracts, academic support service agreements, accounts receivable, travel expense reports, credit card payment authorizations, and supplies orders.


Accrued Leave

The amount of sick leave, vacation, vacation carryover, personal holiday, legal holiday and banked leave an employee has earned based on the number of hours in pay status.


Accuracy

The degree with which a measurement matches the actual, true or target value (see also Precision).


Achievement Test

 Test designed to evaluate mastery of a given body of material. Grades are generally based on achievement tests. The SAT (Stanford Achievement Tests) is an example of an achievement test. See also Aptitude Test


Acidosis (rumen)

Condition characterized by a low rumen pH (below 6). The normal rumen function are impeded usually because too much concentrates were fed.


Acknowledge Reportable Event

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB staff reviewer to acknowledge receipt of a reportable event that does not require further IRB review. Upon acknowledgement, the study will return to the approved state.


ACSSS*

Adult Career Special Student Services:  
Admissions, advising, and academic deans office for 4,500 UW-Madison University Special Students. Provides comprehensive assistance for returning adult degree students, career assessment and help with career transitions. Learn More.


Activity

An activity is an action that you can take for a submission. For example, if a study team wants to respond to pre-review issues, they would use the Send Issues Response activity. Activities are always listed on the left of each study workspace. The list of activities changes based on a user's role in ARROW and what state a submission is in.


Ad Libitum

A latin word that means "to one's pleasure." In nutrition, ad libitum (abbreviated "ad Lib") refers to feeding management in which animals are fed without restriction. Cows are usually considered fed ad libitum when the refusals (orts) amount to approximately 5 to 10% of what has been offered the day before.


ADA

Americans with Disabilities Act: http://www.ada.gov/


Adaptation

Adjustment or preparation of natural or human systems to a new or changing environment which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities (Source: EPA Glossary).


ADF

Automatic Document Feeder. In a scanner device, an Automatic Document Feeder (ADF) is a feature which takes several pages and feeds the paper one page at a time into a scanner.


Administrative Contact

An organization's administrative point of contact, responsible for assigning staff time to the Office 365 transition. Communicates with the Office 365 Team and their organization's leadership.


Administrative Limited Appointment

A leadership role such as dean or associate dean that falls into the employee category of Limited. A Limited appointee serves at the discretion of the appointing authority.


AEN Number

  1. AEN Number is another name for the Clone ID [KB Clone ID] or curriculum ID [KB Curriculum ID].


Against the grain

at right angles to direction of paper grain. Opposite of paper grain direction


Allometric (equation)

Allometric equations take the general form Y = aMb, where Y is some biological variable, M is a measure of body size, and b is some scaling exponent. See West et al. (2012) for more details.


Allometry

The growth of body parts at different rates, resulting in a change of body proportions.


Alternate Address

In Microsoft 365, an alternate address is any email address associated with a NetID@wisc.edu or service account (something@domain.wisc.edu). Any NetID or Service account may have any number of email addresses associated with it. These email addresses includes, but is not limited to, previous alias/alternates accounts and/or user/role/service accounts that have been consolidated with the NetID. A message destined to any of the alternate addresses will be delivered to the main address on the account (NetID@wisc.edu or something_domain@wisc.edu).


AMINO ACID

One of the 20 building block units of protein. Amino acids contain both an amino group (NH2) and an acid or carboxyl group (COOH).


AMMONIA (NH3)

A pungent gas. Ammonia is extensively used to manufacture fertilizers and nitrogen containing compounds. Also, ammonia is the end-product of protein degradation by ruminal bacteria.


ANABOLISM:

The part of the metabolism in which metabolites are used in the growth and repair of body tissues.


Ancillary Committee (ANC)

Ancillary Committees (ANC) are committees that have oversight for specific areas of a submission, such as investigational drugs, conflict of interest, or Veterans Affairs (VA) issues. These committees do not issue approval for the study a whole; only for their areas of oversight.

The IRB will forward submissions to the appropriate ancillary committee if review is needed and has not yet been provided. Ancillary committees may request  documentation from the study team that is additional to the IRB application completed in ARROW.


ANEMIA

A disease due to a deficiency in red blood cells or in hemoglobin that carries oxygen in the blood.


Annotations

In Perceptive Content imaging software, annotations are used to mark up and add comments to a document without affecting the original image. Annotations enable you to select, add notes to, or even block out parts of a document. The file types that support annotations are: TIFF (.tif), JPEG (.jpg), Bitmap (.bmp), GIF (.gif), and PNG (.png).


ANTIBODY

Protein released in the blood that is generated in reaction to a foreign protein (antigen) that has entered the body. Antibodies produce immunity against certain micro-organisms or their toxins.


APPETITE

Desire for food that can be quantify by measuring dry matter intake.


Applicant

Job seeker who has applied for the vacancy.


Application Plan

An Application Plan defines index keys of a document. It is created in the Perceptive Content Management Console and set in a Capture Profile.


Appointment

The action of an appointing authority to place a person in a position within the agency in accordance with the law and the Rules of the Administrator, Division of Merit Recruitment and Selection (DMRS). An appointment is effective when the employee reports for work or is in paid leave status on the agreed starting date and time.


Approved

This is a state in ARROW. Studies in the Approved state have been reviewed and fully approved by the IRB and relevant ancillary committees, if any.


Approved with Administrative Hold

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in the Approved with Administrative Hold state have been reviewed and approved by the IRB; however, additional administrative documentation is required before final approval is granted (e.g. submission of a Certificate of Confidentiality). 


Aptitude Test

 Test designed to predict how well students are likely to perform in some subsequent educational setting. The most common examples of aptitude tests are teh SAT-I and the ACT, both of which attempt to forecast how well high school students will perform in college. See also Achievement Test.


Archived

This is a state in ARROW.  Once an application is in the archived state, no other activities with that application are possible, other
than copy/paste of text. Studies in the archived state can not be re-opened. 


ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION

Reproductive procedure by which semen previously collected from sires, packaged in “straws” and frozen in liquid nitrogen is thawed and manually deposited in the uterus of a cow in estrus, in the hope of conception. Artificial insemination is a technology that allows for genetic improvement based on selection and use of superior sires.(see also Timed Artificial Insemination).


AS-IS BASIS

A method of expressing the concentration of a nutrient in a feed. For example, a feed containing 12% crude protein on a dry matter basis contains 12 g of protein for each 100 g of feed "as-is" (or "fresh"). When feed ingredients are added to a mixer, they are weighted on an "as-is" of "fresh" basis. See also "Dry Matter Basis.


ASH

(see minerals)


ASPP

Academic Staff Policies and Procedures.  For more information, visit the Secretary of Academic Staff website: http://acstaff.wisc.edu/resources/policies-and-procedures


ASSA

  1. ASSA (Academic Support Service Agreement) is any instructional or professional consulting service, provided by an individual or company that is unique (sole source) and is specifically related to the University's mission of education, research, or public service. This document is completed by UW Purchasing. Payment to an EPD speaker with an ASSA cannot be completed until the ASSA is fully executed by UW Purchasing. An ASSA is required if the speaker is being paid more than $5,000 over a 12 month period of time.


Assessment

 1. Evaluation of student performance. 2. A component of the instructional environment that provides feedback which can be used to improve teaching and enhance learning. Assessment activities ought to help us improve the learning experience and validate what appears to be working successfully. Assessments activities are often categorized as "formative" or "summative".


Assigned to IRB Meeting

This is a state in ARROW. Studies in this state have been assigned to an upcoming meeting by either the IRB staff reviewer or the IRB submission manager.  In this state, the IRB staff reviewer can record the IRB meeting decision and draft meeting minutes.


Asynchronous

  1. Asynchronous learning is a student-centered teaching method that uses online learning resources to facilitate instruction that is not being delivered in person or in real time.  Discussion forums and recorded lectures are examples of asynchronous components in an online course.


Authors

A KB user who may edit documents. Authors may or may not be able to publish documents and all follow their KB Group's agreed upon document workflow.


Autodiscover

Exchange Autodiscover is a web service that helps Microsoft Exchange administrators configure user profile settings for clients running Outlook Enterprise/Subscription/2019/2016. It allows users to easily configure their email client knowing only their email address and password.


Automatic Reply

Also known as a vacation message or an out of office message. Automatic reply is a rule that can be set in your Office 365 account that will automatically reply to incoming emails with a preset response for a preset amount of time.


Awaiting Correspondence

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have undergone IRB review, a meeting decision has been recorded and the IRB staff can draft correspondence for the study team. 


Awaiting Scientific Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been triaged by the IRB and determined to require scientific review.  In this state, the Scientific Review Committee (e.g. CTRC PIR, SRC, PRMC) will review the study and indicate the outcome of their review.   


BACTERIA

Single-cell organisms living either independently or in close association with other living organisms. Often referred to as microbes or microorganisms because of their microscopic size. Some bacteria are beneficial, but others cause infectious diseases.


Base-Building Adjustment

A salary increase (may be temporary or permanent).


Batches

Documents are scanned in batches which are placed into the batches view of Perceptive Content. Once in the batches view, the batches undergo processing which includes separation into individual documents and quality assurance.


Bead

a border of lamination material used with laminated products, standard is 1/8"


Bezoar

A small stony concretion that may form in the stomachs of certain animals, especially ruminants. Bezoars are caused by a buildup of material in the gastrointestinal tract that the stomach can't digest.


BIOLOGICAL VALUE (of a protein)

A measure of protein quality. The percentage of protein in a feed which is not lost in the urine or the feces of the animal. Biological value is a reflection of the balance of amino acids available to the animal after digestion and absorption.


Black

K, one of the four process colors used in the CMYK printing process, black in color. Also referred to as the Key color


BLOAT

A swelling of the left side of the cow caused by a frothy material which prevents gases of fermentation from being eructed from the rumen. Occurs primarily when cows are grazing certain species of legumes especially, alfalfa. If not treated immediately, bloat can cause death in a matter of hours. More...


Blue-Collar Multi-Shift

University Staff titles that are in pay schedule 03 (e.g., custodian, food service assistant, food retail/catering leader and food production assistant) and in multiple-shift environments (e.g., first shift, second shift and third shift).


Budget (Program) Decision

The reallocation or termination of resources by a university management decision that may result in staffing reductions in a program or operational area.


BULL (CLEAN-UP)

A bull used for natural mating after mutiple artificial insemination attempts have failed to establish pregnancy.


C-basis

Salary rate computed on a nine-month, academic year basis.


CALORIE

A unit of heat that can be used to measure the amount of energy in a feed or a ration. A calorie is the amount heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water from 14.5 ° centigrade to 15.5 ° centigrade.


CALVE (to)

(see Parturition)


Candidate

Applicant who has been deemed minimally qualified for the vacancy.


Capture Profile

A reusable collection of settings that simplifies entering documents into Perceptive Content imaging software. Captures profiles can set entities such as document keys, device choice, workflow queues, etc.


Capture Token

A licensing mechanism. Every scanner used with ImageNow uses a token; if all tokens are in use, another scanner cannot be configured until one is released.


CARBOHYDRATE

Any of a group of chemical compounds, including sugars, starches, and cellulose, containing only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, with a ratio of hydrogen to oxygen of 2:1.


CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2)

A gas produced by combustion or oxidation of organic matter. Carbon dioxide is also produced in large quantities during ruminal fermentation.


CASI

Committee on Academic Staff Issues; these committees have been established in each school and college to advise Deans on policies and procedures, promotional opportunities, participation in department governance, and performance recognition for academic staff.


CATABOLISM

The part of the metabolism in which metabolites are oxidized for the production of work and heat.


CATALYST

A substance present in small amounts that increases the rate of chemical or biochemical reactions without being consumed in the process.


Categories

Is a feature in Outlook and Outlook on the web that allows you to assign a keyword or phrase (and color) to help you keep track of items/events. Using this feature you can easily find, sort, filter, or group different items/events that are located across your different folders/calendars.


CELL WALL

Fibrous structure that provides rigidity to the plant. The cell wall is composed of digestible fibrous carbohydrates (cellulose; hemicellulose and pectin) and an indigestible phenolic compounds (e.g., lignin and tannin).


Centralized Recruitment

Process in which OHR helps divisions manage the recruitment, assessment and selection of high-volume and continuously recruited positions (e.g., custodial positions).


CEREAL

A plant in the grass family (gramineae), the seeds (i.e., grain) of which are used for human and animal food (e.g., maize, rice and wheat).


Certify Not Human Subjects Research

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB staff reviewer to certify that an application does not constitute human subjects research.  This activity occurs in the Pre-review state.


CHAFF

Glumes, husk, or other seed coverings, together with the plant parts, separated from seeds in threshing or processing.


Chancellor

The chief executive of UW–Madison.


Changes Requested - Scientific Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have undergone scientific review and changes were requested by the scientific review committee.  In this state, the study team can either 1) respond to the committee request so that it returns to the Awaiting Scientific Review state for additional review, or 2) withdraw the application. 


City of Madison Living Wage

110% of the Federal poverty rate for a family of four.


CLINICAL

Involving or based on direct observation of the patient (a clinical diagnosis). A clinical disease is a disease that can be diagnosed by examination because of signs / symptoms of discomfort, anomalies of the normal state


Collaboration Space

Collaboration Space is a type of notebook in Office 365's Class Notebook app. It is a notebook for all students and the teacher in the class to share, organize, and collaborate.


Collate

a finishing term for gathering paper in a precise order


Compensatory Time

Paid time off the job which is earned and accrued by an employee instead of immediate cash payment for overtime. Compensatory time may be used instead of vacation balance.


CONCENTRATE

Feedstuffs usually rich in energy and coming from the part of the plant that accumulate nutrient reserves for an embryo (fruits, nuts, seeds and grains). The word concentrate is also used to refer to the mixture of minerals and other supplements used to feed dairy cattle.


Concurrent Appointments

When a temporary employee works two or more TE appointments at the same time.


Consecutive Appointments

When a temporary employee works two or more TE appointments back-to-back.


Consultant Review

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB staff reviewer to document nature of the consult and any relevant information about the outcome of the consult.


Contact

Contacts are like electronic cards that store a person's information. A contact can be as basic as a name and email address, or include more information like a street address, multiple phone numbers, and a photo.


Contact

A contact in Salesforce is a record about a single individual person and fundamentally it contains information about how to 'contact' a person.  


Contact Group

A contact group -- formerly called "distribution list" -- is a group of contacts that you can send messages, meeting requests and tasks requests.


Contact Group/List

A contact group/list is a personal group which is stored in your Contacts folder and can contain entries from your personal Contacts and from the Global Address List (GAL).


Content Library

A Content Library is a type of notebook in Office 365's Class Notebook app. It is a notebook for teachers to share course materials with students. Teachers can add and edit its materials, but for students, the notebook is read-only.


Copy Reportable Event to Other Study

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to copy a reportable event application to another study.  For example, if a reportable event affects several studies open by the PI, the PI only needs to fill out the RE application one time and then copy it to the other affected studies.


Correspondence Prepared

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB floater to confirm that correspondence they've drafted is ready for review by the IRB staff reviewer.


Course Planning Group (CPG)

  • The Course Planning Group (CPG) is a cross functional team within Education Support Services (ESS) which offers support in professional development course instruction and logistical coordination.


Crafts Worker

A UW–Madison employee who is a skilled journeyman Crafts Worker, including apprentices and helpers. The classification does not include employees who are not in direct line of progression in the craft.


Crafts Worker Supervisor

Position that supervises Crafts Workers.


Creditable Service

The amount of service an employee is granted under the Wisconsin Retirement System based on the number of hours worked in a year and the employee’s WRS employment category.


Critical Thinking

 The art of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a view to improving it (Foundation for Critical Thinking).


Cronbach alpha

 Cronbach's alpha is a measure used to assess the reliability, or internal consistency, of a set of scale or test items. In other words, the reliability of any given measurement refers to the extent to which it is a consistent measure of a concept, and Cronbach's alpha is one way of measuring the strength of that consistency. See more here: Virginia stat Consulting or here (Wikipedia).


Crop marks

printed lines showing where to trim a printed sheet


Customer's Originals

print ready copy


Cyan

C, one of the four process colors used in the CMYK printing process, blue in color


Delegate

Someone granted permission to interact with another person's Office 365 account (email, calendar, address book, etc). This can include reading, writing, modifying, and deleting items.


Deny Request to Reactivate

This is an activity in ARROW in which the IRB submission manager can deny a study team's request to reactivate a submission that was previously withdrawn by the IRB (e.g. due to lack of submission of a continuing review for a study that has an expired IRB approval).  Execution of this activity will result in email notification to the study team that the request to reactivate has been denied and the study team will need to start the submission process over.


DIARRHEA

Pathologically excessive evacuation of watery feces. Diarrhea may be due to an infectious agent (bacterial infection) or a dietary imbalance.


DIGESTA

The mixture of digestive secretion, bacterial population and feeds undergoing digestion in the gastro-intestinal tract (such as rumen content).


Distance Degree

  1. A Distance Degree is an Online Masters Degree. For a complete listing of degrees, visit https://epd.wisc.edu/online-degrees/


Document capture

Document capture is any one of several processes used to convert a physical document to another format, typically a digital representation.


Drawer

Documents in ImageNow are stored in drawers; the drawer of a document is a document key with unique properties: user access to view documents in drawers can be limited, views/filters typically focus on a single drawer, and the drawer key for a document is required.


DRY MATTER

That part of the feed which is not water. It is usually determined by the residual weight of a sample placed for a period of time in a drying oven that removes the water from the sample. Usually, the dry matter content of a feed is expressed as a percentage. For example, an hay of 85% dry matter contains 85 g of dry matter for each 100 g of fresh feed.


DRY MATTER BASIS

A method of expressing the concentration of a nutrient in a feed. For example, a feed containing 12% crude protein on a dry matter basis contains 12 g of protein for each 100 g of feed dry matter


DRY MATTER INTAKE

Quantity of dry matter ingested by a cow in a 24 h period. For example, a cow eating 18 kg of grass silage of 33% of dry matter ingest 18 x 0.33 = 6 kg of grass silage dry matter.


EAO

Employee Assistance Office.  The Employee Assistance Office is a resource provided by the University of Wisconsin to assist employees and their immediate family members or significant others who are finding it difficult to successfully cope with personal or work related issues and concerns.  http://eao.wisc.edu/


EAR (of corn)

The seed-bearing part of a cereal plant. An ear of corn is composed of the grains, the cob, but not the husk, which are removed during harvesting.


Elastic (goods and services)

Elastic goods and services generally have plenty of substitutes. Inelastic goods have fewer substitutes and price change doesn't affect quantity demanded as much. Some inelastic goods include gas, electricity, water, drinks, clothing, tobacco, food, and oil.


Email Address

An email address identifies the account that messages should be delivered (e.g., bbadger@wisc.edu). An account can have multiple email addresses. Each account in Microsoft 365 has only one primary address, but an account can have multiple alternate addresses. An account will accept email for any email address on the account.


Email Domain

In email addresses, the domain is the part of an email address comes after the @ symbol. For example, for the email address of "bbadger@wisc.edu", the domain is "wisc.edu".


Emeritus Staff

  1. Emeritus Staff The status of Emeritus/Emerita is an honorary title conferred upon individuals who have had permanent employment at UW-Madison, are 55 years of age or older, and have completed a minimum of ten years of distinguished service. 


Employee of the Board of Regents

All employees of UW–Madison (including University Staff). Prior to July 1 2015, classified employees were under the provisions of Wis. Stat. Chapter 230 and were still limited to the $12,000 statutory cap.


Employee-in-Training

Persons holding a title in the Employees-in-Training title group are normally acquiring additional training or experience in their field of specialization. Two examples of Employees-in-Training titles are Postdoctoral Fellow and Postgraduate Trainee.
Source: Office of Human Resources, Unclassified Title Guideline: Summary of Unclassified Appointment Types


ENROLLMENT PLAN

Method used to select cows which are eligible for hormonal treatment (such as Ovsynch). For example, the enrollment plan may be defined by the voluntary waiting period or a negative pregnancy check.


EPD Academic Staff Committee

  1. EPD Academic Staff Committee This committee assists department academic staff with information about academic staff governance and promotions. They are also connected with the college-wide CASI: Committee on Academic Staff Issues which advises the College of Engineering dean on academic staff policy and procedure formulation, review and development, in compliance with campus policies and procedures.


Exchange ActiveSync Protocol

Exchange ActiveSync (also known as EAS) is a communications protocol designed for the synchronization of email, contacts, calendar, tasks, and notes from a messaging server to a smartphone or other mobile devices. The protocol also provides mobile device management and policy controls.


Exchange Protocol

A service -- similar to IMAP, POP3, and ActiveSync -- that works to transfer and synchronize email/calendar information between the server and the end user's client.


Exempt Staff

Staff who are not subject to the overtime pay or compensatory time off provisions of federal and state wage laws.


Exemption Granted

This is a state in ARROW.  Applications in this state have undergone review by an IRB staff reviewer and determined to qualify for exemption. In this state, the study team can submit changes of protocol, personnel changes, and reportable events, as well as report study completion.  


Extraordinary Salary Range (ESR)

An approved salary range that is greater than the assigned range for the title. An ESR is associated with one of the following 1) An incumbent position, 2) A title (e.g., clinical anesthetist), or 3) A portion of a title series (e.g., nurse practitioners, within the clinical nurse specialist series).


Faculty

The UW-Madison faculty consists of all persons with instructional, research and service responsibilities who hold the rank of professor, associate professor, assistant professor, or instructor with at least a one-half time appointment with UW-Madison, or a full-time appointment held jointly between UW-Madison and UW-Extension.


SOURCE: Faculty Policy and Procedures 1.02.A


Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)

A federal law that establishes labor standards for public and private sector employees. It is enforced by the Wage and Hour Division of the U.S. Department of Labor.


FALSE NEGATIVE

An animal that tests as negative but who is actually positive. The percent of false negative for a test can be calculated as 100 – SENSITIVITY.


FALSE POSITIVE

An animal that tests as positive but who is actually negative. The percent of false positive for a test can be calculated as 100 – SPECIFICITY.


Family Member


A family member includes all of the following: 
  • Employee's legal spouse 
  • Employee’s domestic partner as defined by UW–Madison Domestic Partnership Policy 
  • Children of employee or employee’s spouse or domestic partner (biological, adopted, step or foster child or legal ward) 
  • Grandchildren of employee or employee’s spouse or domestic partner 
  • Parents of employee or employee’s spouse or domestic partner (biological, adopted, step or foster parent, or legal guardian of employee) 
  • Grandparents of employee or employee’s spouse or domestic partner 
  • Brothers and sisters and spouses or domestic partners of the brothers and sisters of employee or employee’s spouse or domestic partner 
  • Aunts and uncles of employee or employee’s spouse or domestic partner 
  • Sons-in-law or daughters-in-law of employee or employee’s spouse or domestic partner 
  • Other relatives of employee or employee’s spouse or domestic partner who reside in the household of the employee


FAT

1. Ester of glycerol and fatty acids. 2. Organic compound containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, but as opposed to the carbohydrates, fats have a ratio of hydrogen to oxygen well above 2:1. Fats, as opposed to oils, are solids at room temperature and usually are of animal origin.


FATTY ACID

A chain of carbon terminated by an acid (carboxyl) group (COOH). Fatty acids with less than 4 carbon units are volatile. Fatty acids with 5 to 20 carbon units are usually found as part of fats and oils.


FCOI (Financial Conflict of Interest)

A Financial Conflict of Interest (FCOI) is a significant financial interest in an entity that could directly and significantly affect the design, conduct, or reporting of federally-funded or human subjects research.


FERMENTATION (in the rumen)

The transformation of carbohydrates in absence of oxygen by rumen micro flora that produces volatile fatty acids such as acetic acid, propionic acid and butyric acid, and gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4).


FIBER (dietary)

Nutrient of low energy density present in large quantities in forages. Fiber is composed of structural carbohydrates (cellulose and hemicellulose) and phenolic compounds. Fiber is important for dairy cows because they stimulate rumination and promote a healthy rumen environment for bacterial growth. However, in large amounts in the diet, fiber may fill the rumen, limit intake of energy and constrain milk production.


FIBROUS CARBOHYDRATE

Hemicellulose and cellulose that can be quantify by the neutral detergent fiber procedure.


Foamcore

strong, styrofoam-like board that printed material is mounted to


Food Waste

Food waste is a component of food loss and occurs when an edible item goes unconsumed as a result of human action or inaction, such as food discarded by retailers as a result of appearance or plate waste by consumers.


FORAGE

Feed that stimulate rumination due to their long particle size and their high content in fiber. Generally, forages are composed of the leaves and stems (stalk of plants. The bacterial population of the rumen allows the ruminant to digest forages.


FORAGE TO CONCENTRATE RATIO

Usually expressed as two percentages. The percentage of ration dry matter that is made up of forage and the percentage of ration dry matter that is composed of concentrates. The two total 100. For example a 50:50 forage to concentrate ratio means that a cow eating 20 kg of dry matter of that ration would eat 10 kg of concentrate dry matter and 10 kg of forage dry matter.


Forward to Archive

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the IRB to move a study to the archived state. 


FRUCTANS

Is a polymer of fructose molecules generally, but not always, found as "carbohydrate storage in cool season grasses (C3 plants). Tall fescue and perennial ryegrass tend to have the highest levels of fructans when compared to other grasses under the same conditions. Fructan is stored in vacuoles inside cells throughout the plant where it is readily available as needed. In some species of grass the lower part of the stem is a carbohydrate storage organ.


FTE (Full Time Equivalent) and Headcount

There are two basic ways that we count the number of employees. When we use headcount, each individual person counts as one employee whether their appointment is full time or part time. When we use "FTE," we are using the "Full Time Equivalent."

The Full Time Equivalent is the total of all positions using the percentage of the appointment rather than the number of individual employees. This is what the headcount looks like for the same employees using each measure:

Employee A - .5 appointment
Employee B - 1.0 appointment
Employee C - .6 appointment
Employee D - .4 appointment

Using Headcount, there are 4 employees
Using FTE, there are 2.5 employees (.5 + 1 + .6 + .4 = 2.5)



Full Mailbox Permissions

Full mailbox permissions can be assigned between any two accounts within UW-Madison's Office 365 environment.

What can I do with full mailbox permissions? What can't I do with full mailbox permissions?
  • Create email drafts
  • Send calendar invites
  • Create events
  • Delete emails
  • Read emails
  • Send emails *

* To send emails, you will either need 'send as' or 'send on-behalf' of permissions.

Note: Service accounts have the capability of having delegates linked to them. If linking is used, the delegate will automatically be assigned 'full mailbox' and 'send as' permissions.

See how to manage full mailbox permissions for an account for further details.


GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT

The stomach and the intestine as a functional unit.


GERMINATE (to)

To begin to or to cause to grow (syn to sprout.


Global Address List (GAL)

The Global Address List (GAL) is the address look up feature in Office 365. It contains email addresses for individuals and resources, excluding those that are hidden. Office 365 uses the Global Address List to supply email addresses when you are composing a message or inviting individuals to meetings.


Global Warming Potential (GWP)

An index (i.e., a relative measure) of how much heat a greenhouse gas traps in the atmosphere over a chosen time horizon, relative to that of carbon dioxide. The GWP represents the combined effect of the differing times these gases remain in the atmosphere and their relative effectiveness in absorbing outgoing thermal infrared radiation. Although the most common time horizon is 100 years, GWP have been reported also for time horizons of 20 years and 500 years.


Grain

the direction in which the paper fiber lie


GRAIN

Seed from cereal plants.


GRAMINEAE

Family of plants including rye grass, fescue, brome, timothy and other herbaceous plants often referred to as grass. Cereals are gramineous plants but often, they are considered apart from the grass because they are cropped for the grain rather than the vegetative parts of the plant.


GRASS

Any of the numerous plants of the family gramineae, characteristically having narrow leaves and hollow, jointed stems (e.g., orchardgrass, ryegrass, bromegrass).


Green Manure

A fertilizer consisting of growing plants that are plowed back into the soil.


Greenhouse Gas (GHG)

Any of the atmospheric gases, both natural and anthropogenic, that contribute to the greenhouse effect by absorbing infrared radiation produced by solar warming of the Earth's surface. Water vapor (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (NO2) and ozone (O3) are the primary greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.


Greenhouse Gas Effect

Heat trapping effect of greenhouse gases in the troposphere (lowest portion of the earth's atmosphere)


H-basis

Paid bi-weekly for hours worked per pay period in calendar year.


Halftone

converting a continuous tone to dots for printing


HAY

A sun-dried forage. A method of preserving forage by cutting the plant and letting it dry in the sun.


Head-to-head

right reading sheets with head on top, that, when duplexed, heads run together on front and back of sheet. The back sheet is right-side up


Head-to-toe

right reading sheets with head on top, that, when duplexed, heads run opposite on front and back of sheet. The back sheet is upside down


HEAT PERIOD

A period of 9 to 24 hours preceding the ovulation during which cows are receptive to bulls and exhibit a typical behavior of mounting other cows or standing when mounted by other cows (or a bull).


Hiring Administrator

A person who is responsible for ensuring the recruitment, assessment and selection process for a particular vacancy is completed in accordance with established policies. A supervisor, unit human resource (HR) representative, or designee may serve as the hiring administrator and delegate different aspects of the search process. The hiring administrator continues to be responsible for the process, regardless of delegation.


Hiring Manager

The supervisor for a particular vacancy who has the authority to make the final hiring decision. The hiring manager works closely with the hiring administrator to complete all aspects of the search process in accordance with established policies.


Hold for Scheduling: Ancillary Committee Review Pending

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state cannot be scheduled for an IRB meeting until the Ancillary Committee Review decision has been entered into the system.


Hold IRB Review - Submission of Reportable Event Pending

This is a state in ARROW.  In this state, continuing and change applications are being held until a reportable event has been submitted by the study team.  Once the reportable event has been submitted, the continuing or change will transition back to the pre-review state.


Human Resources

  1. Human Resources handles payroll, benefits, payroll funding information, recruiting, reclassifications and promotions, retirements, emeritus appointments, HR concerns.


Human Subjects Research

For information on human subjects research, please see the Institutional Review Board's website.


HYDROCHLORIC ACID (HCl)

Strong acid secreted by the abomasum that breaks down chemical bounds and thus contributes to the digestion of feeds.


Image Area

portion of paper on which ink can appear


ImageNow Printer

Software that enables you to "print" files into a .TIFF (tagged image file format); for desktop users, the ImageNow Printer will display as a device in the “Devices and Printers,” “Printers and Faxes” area of the Windows’ Control Panel.


IMAP

Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP) is a protocol for e-mail retrieval and storage.


Immediate Family Member

Includes an employee's spouse, parents and children; an employee's and employee's spouse's immediate family members, grandparents, grandchildren, aunts and uncles, brothers and sisters and their spouses; children over the age of 18 and their spouses; and any other relative who resides in the same household as the employee.


Indicia

postal information place on a printed product


Industrial Refrigeration Center (IRC)

  • The Industrial Refrigeration Consortium (IRC) is a collaborative effort between the University of Wisconsin-Madison and industry. They work to improve the safety, efficiency, and productivity of industrial refrigeration systems and technologies, realizing this goal by conducting applied research, delivering knowledge transfer, and providing technical assistance. Although efforts are focused on industrial refrigeration systems that utilize anhydrous ammonia, they also work with systems that use other refrigerants.

    The IRC offers a unique combination of complementary resources that include academic qualifications, technical expertise, and practical experience. They provide objective information that is not biased by an affiliation with any particular organization.


Instance Number

  1. Instance Number, which can be viewed in ET, is a unique ET Number assigned to a unique offering of a course being held over specific dates in a specific location. See also: Program Number [KB Program Number]


Institutional Responsibilities

Institutional Responsibilities are an investigator's professional duties on behalf of the UW-Madison, which may include; research, research consultation, instruction, professional practice, extension/outreach, administrative activities and institutional committee memberships.


Internal Recruitment

Standard recruitment process that requires that applicants be currently employed at UW–Madison.


INTERNATIONAL UNITS (IU)

A unit of measurement of the amount of biologically active vitamin in a feed or required in a diet.


IRB Administrative Review

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state will undergo administrative review by the IRB submission manager in order to determine appropriate IRB and staff reviewer assignment.  In this state, the IRB submission manager can also send administrative issues to the study team. 


IRB Member Modification Review

This is a state in ARROW in which an IRB member can conduct a review of a modification response by the study team upon the request of an IRB staff reviewer.  In this state, the IRB member can submit modification review notes regarding their assessment of the modification response.  Then the IRB staff reviewer forwards the submission back to IRB Review of Modification Response.


IRB Review of Modification Response

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state were previously reviewed by the IRB and modifications were requested.  The response from the study team requires review by the IRB to determine whether the study team has adequately addressed the IRB's requests.  In this state, the IRB staff reviewer can send the modification response to an IRB member or schedule it for review at a full meeting.


IRB Withdrawn

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have been withdrawn by the IRB due to lack of response to an IRB request for modifications or deferral response.


KILO CALORIE (KCAL)

One thousand calories.


L&S Department ID/UDDS

A Department ID is the sequence of numbers that identifies a specific campus department, program, or entity. Historically, the Department ID was known as a "UDDS," which stands for "Unit, Division, Department, Subdepartment." This term is still in use in some resources, so we are including it in this glossary listing.

In more practical terms, a Department ID/UDDS is the unique combination of letters and numbers that identify the division, department, and possibly subdepartment, associated with a particular personnel, research, financial, or other activity or transaction.

EXAMPLE:  The full Department ID for a particular Letters & Science Department would be written as : 48XXXX.

"48" stands for "College of Letters & Science"

"XXXX" are the four numbers that identify the specific department, program, project, or other administrative entity.

A list of Letters & Science Department ID/UDDS numbers can be found at:

UW Madison Coding Information Dept ID

Click on the link and you will be directed to the Accounting Services web site.  Click on the Coding link on the left side of the screen.  Click on the Organization/Dept ID.  When the excel list opens click on A48 to find a list of all Letters & Science Departments and descriptions. 

UDDS Look Up Tool


L&S Majors, Certificates, and Degrees

The official lists of majors, certificates, and degrees offered in Letters & Science are available on-line:

  • The Guide provides a comprehensive list of undergraduate majors, special degree programs, certificates, and concentrations organized by the respective school or college that offers the academic program.
  • The Guide also provides a comprehensive list of graduate degrees, minors, and certificates. The information is organized alphabetically for all university programs.


LACTOSE

A disaccharide composed of a unit of glucose and a unit of galactose. Also known as milk sugar, lactose is produced commercially from whey.


Laminate

using a high-temperature process to melt plastic on paper, can be one or two-sided


LAMINITIS

Inflammation of the sensitive vascular tissue of the hoof.


LAXATIVE

A feed or drugs that will induce bowel movements (defecation) and relieve constipation.


Layoff

The termination of service of a permanent employee based on a lack of funding, an organizational change, or a shortage of work.


Layoff Group

A group of employees in a single title from which the layoff will be made. The layoff group will generally include all employees in a particular operational area that are in similar, although not necessarily identical, titles, pay ranges and/or functions.


Layoff Status

The period starting with the effective date of the layoff and ending with the revocation of the employee’s mandatory placement rights or upon reemployment at UW–Madison.


LDT and Marketing Production Team

  1. The LDT and Marketing Production Team Education Support Services team that is responsible for the creation, processing, and delivery of instructional and promotional assets for InterPro efforts.


Leadership Team

  1. The Leadership Team provides necessary support to enable the efficient execution of InterPro's overall operation.  The Leadership Team functions to ensure strong lines of communication between each sub-unit, encouraging alignment to InterPro's mission, pursuit of its vision, and overall effectiveness of execution.


LEAF

Structure, usually flat and green that grows from a stem or stalk of a plant and is responsible for photosynthesis.


Learning

 The process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience (Kolb, Experiential Learning; Experience as the Source of Learning and Development).


Learning Design and Technologies (LDT)

  1. The Learning Design and Technologies (LDT) team provides effective support, consultation, strategic planning, and leadership in all current and emerging areas of teaching, learning, and technologies. Their work supports faculty, staff and students, and includes all phases of instructional design, development, and evaluation.

    They are dedicated to providing high quality learning experiences; empowering stakeholders with effective best practices, technologies, support and consultation; building constructive partnerships with UW-Madison campus units; and sustaining a strong record of scholarly activity through research and conferences in order to stay informed of emerging areas that drive educational innovation.


Learning Environment

  1. learning environment is a combination of social and physical qualities that create the classroom experience. It includes classroom management procedures, as well as the way the space is organized, furnished and maintained.


LearnModes

A special type of application plan that can interface with Windows programs outside of Perceptive Content and pull information from them. The information can then be mapped to document keys.


Life Cycle Assessment

LCA addresses the environmental aspects and potential environmental impacts (e.g. use of resources and the environmental consequences of releases) throughout a product's life cycle from raw material acquisition through production, use, end-of-life treatment, recycling and final disposal (i.e. cradle-to-grave). There are four phases in an LCA study: a) the goal and scope definition phase, b) the inventory analysis phase, c) the impact assessment phase, and d) the interpretation phase (ISO 2006).


Linked Accounts

A linked account is an account that your NetID has been provided access to. For example, after entering your NetID login credentials at the NetID login screen, you will have the option of logging into your primary mailbox or any other mailboxes (accounts) that have been linked to your NetID, such as a departmental account. A NetID can be "linked" to any number of other accounts, simplifying the login process for users and providing much needed affiliation between accounts. Linked access to an account also provides other privileges such as consolidating in preparation for the migration to Office 365.

Instructions for linking an Office 365 service account to your NetID are available here.


LIPASE

An enzyme that breaks down fat.


Living Documentation

Living documentation is a dynamic system documentation that provides information that is current, accurate and easy to understand. Documents that are written in a natural language format serve as the core of living documentation. Your content experts can review the documentation to ensure that it describes the desired behavior of the system from a logical standpoint.


LOA

Leave of absence


Lump-Sum Payment

A one-time payment to an employee that does not increase the employee's salary.


Magenta

M, one of the four process colors used in the CMYK printing process, pink/purple in color


MAINTENANCE (diet)

A diet that supplies the nutrients required to maintain vital functions (heart beat, respiration) and assure a constant body temperature.


MAINTENANCE (state)

A physiological state in which the animal is neither gaining nor losing weight, performing work or expending nutrients for any type of production.


Make-ready

all the activities required to prepare a press for printing


Malnutrition

Lack of proper nutrition, caused by not having enough to eat, not eating enough of the right things, or being unable to use the food that one does eat (see more on Wikipedia).


MAMMALS

A class of vertebrate animals distinguished by self-regulating body temperature, hair, and in the female (a) milk producing gland(s).


Management Console

A major component of Perceptive Content that allows users with appropriate permissions to manage many aspects of Perceptive Content including drawers, doctypes, application plans, etc.


Management Plan

A Management Plan (MP) may be put into place by the UW-Madison Conflict of Interest Committee to aid an investigator reduce or eliminate a financial conflict of interest (FCOI) and to ensure, to the extent possible, that the design, conduct, and reporting of research will be free from bias.  An example Management Plan may be found here Financial Conflict of Interest Management Plan Example .


Market

The comparison that employers use for UW–Madison job salaries (may be local, regional, national, or international depending on the job).


Marketing Message

  1. Marketing Message is content within promotional material that is designed to inform the reader about what to expect and why they should attend a course. Examples of Marketing Message content include: target audience, attending benefits, course content, and testimonials. It is often reviewed and updated with input from both the Program Director and/or Program Associate and the EPD Marketing team. It does not include administrative/logistical information.


MASTICATION

To grind or crush (food) with or as if with the teeth to prepare it for swallowing and digestion (Syn: Chew).


MASTITIS

An infammation of the udder (often caused by a microbial infection) resulting in pain and the secretion of milk with a high count of white blood cells (referred to as somatic cell count).


Matte finish

dull paper, ink, or laminate finish


MCAL

Abbreviation for Megacalorie.


MEAL

1. The episodes of feed ingestion throughout the day.
2. The edible seed or other edible part of a grain, coarsely ground (as opposed to flour which is finely ground).


MEAN (Statistics)

The mean of a normal distribution is the most likely value (the value that has the lowest probability of being "wrong"). The mean is the best measure of central tendency of a normal distribution. With a normal distribution, approximately one-half of the samples have values lower than the mean and one-half have values higher than the mean.


MEGACALORIE

One million calories.


METABOLISM

Refers to all of the changes that nutrients undergo after they are absorbed from the digestive tract. Metabolism is divided into anabolism and catabolism.


METABOLITE

A product of metabolism of nutrients.


METABOLIZABLE PROTEIN

In ruminant nutrion, metabolizable protein, often abbreviated MP, is the amount of digestible protein that reach the small intestine, which is the source of amino acids absorbed into the blood. The three main sources of MP include rumen undegraded protein (the dietary protein fraction that has not been degraded in the rumen), the microbial (bacterial) protein synthesized in the rumen from the fermentation process, and the endogenous protein (intestinal digestive enzymes and sloughed cells from the gastro-intestinal tract). The latter source is minimal.


MFA-Duo (multi-factor authentication)

Multi-factor authentication is part of the new UW–Madison login process that verifies your identity. It combines something you know (your NetID and password) with something you have (smartphone, token/fob or tablet) preventing anyone but you from logging into a system. UW-Madison has partnered with Duo to provide this service.

You will now need to log in by:

  1. Entering your NetID and password, and

  2. Confirming your login with the Duo app on your device.


MICROORGANISM

(see Microbe).


Microsoft 365 (Email and Calendaring System)

Office 365 is a cloud-based service provided by Microsoft. To see what features are available in UW-Madison's implementation, check here: Microsoft 365 - What features are included in Microsoft 365?


Microsoft 365 Account

The location in the Office 365 system where your email, calendar, task list, and address book are stored. Each Office 365 account has one primary address, but can have many alternate addresses.


Microsoft 365 Transition Website

Located at 365transition.wisc.edu, the Office 365 Transition Website is the first stop for those who are interested to know more about the transition. It provides general info on everything from the project history and the business case to the Office 365 Team roster and announcements to campus.


MILL (a)

1. A building equipped with the machinery for grinding grain into flour or meal. 2. A device or mechanism such as rotating millstones, that grinds grain.


MINERAL

1. The inorganic chemical elements (e.g., calcium phosphorus magnesium) determined by combusting a sample in a furnace and weighing the mineral residue. 2. Minerals play major roles in numerous metabolic processes. (syn Ash).


MItigation

A human intervention to reduce the human impact on the climate system; it includes strategies to reduce greenhouse gas sources and emissions and enhancing greenhouse gas sinks (Source: EPA Glossary).


Modfications Requested

This is a state in ARROW.  Studies in this state have gone to an IRB meeting and IRB modifications have been sent to the study team.  Study teams must submit a response to the modifications before the study can move on from this state.


MONOGASTRIC

Having one digestive cavity (i.e., one stomach).


Mortality

is incidence of death in a population. It is measured in various ways, often by the probability that a randomly selected individual in a population at some date and location would die in some period of time. Contrast to morbidity.


MULTIPAROUS (cow)

A cow that has given birth more than once.


Negative

the image on a film that inverts color


NET ENERGY OF LACTATION (NEl)

The amount of energy in a feed which is available for milk production and body maintenance. Feeds generally are similar in total energy content but vary widely in the proportion of the total energy which is available for maintenance and milk production. The remainder of the energy in the feed is lost in the feces urine, gas belched form the rumen and excess heat production by the cow. In the cow, it takes 0.74 Mcal NEl to produce 1 kg of milk containing 4% fat and the net energy content of most feed range from 0.9 to 2.2 Mcal NEl per kg dry matter.


NEUTRAL DETERGENT FIBER (NDF)

A measure of the amount of cell wall in a feed determined by a laboratory procedure. Neutral detergent fiber includes cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin.


New Full Change

This is an activity available to study teams for all studies in the Approved state.  This allows study teams to initiate a new change of protocol.


New Reportable Event

This is an activity available to study teams for all studies in the Approved state.  This allows study teams to initiate a reportable event. 


NON-FIBER CARBOHYDRATE

Carbohydrates that are not part of the neutral detergent fiber, but generally accumulate in the plant as energy reserve (e.g., starch). These carbohydrates usually are more rapidly and more completely digested than the fibrous carbohydrates (syn Non-structural carbohydrate).


Non-Service Related Appointment

Income with no work requirement; related to a non-service appointment (e.g. Fellow, Scholar, Trainee). Payment of the funds is not dependent on work or service to the university performed by the recipient.


NON-STRUCTURAL CARBOHYDRATE

(see non-fiber carbohydrate).


Nonexempt Staff

Staff eligible for overtime pay or compensatory time off according to federal and state law.


Nonexempt Staff

Staff eligible for overtime pay or compensatory time off according to federal and state law.


OAR

Outside Activities Report  


These reports are submitted annually by UW-Madison faculty, academic staff and personnel named upon any federally-funded or human subjects research. The form can be found here.


Occasional (Sporadic)

Work that is infrequent, irregular or occurring in scattered instances, even when it recurs seasonally. However, work that recurs every other week is not occasional or sporadic.


Offline Data File (OST)

Typically, when you use a Microsoft Exchange Server account (Office 365 account), your email messages, calendar, and other items are delivered to and saved on the server. You can configure Outlook to keep a local copy of your items on your computer in an Outlook data file that is named an offline Outlook Data File (.ost). This allows you to use Cached Exchange Mode or to work offline when a connection to the Office 365 (Exchange) computer may not be possible or wanted. The .ost file is synchronized with the Office 365 (Exchange) computer when a connection is available.


Offset Paper

term for uncoated paper


OMASUM

The third stomach of a ruminant between the reticulum and the abomasum. It is characterized by the presence of muscular leaves that may have an absorptive function.


Onboarding

Integrating and acculturating new employees into the university and providing them with the tools, resources, and knowledge to become successful and productive. Onboarding engages employees beginning with the acceptance of the job offer, and continues through the entire first year of employment.


OneNote Class Notebook

The OneNote Class Notebook is an Office 365 app that helps instructors set up OneNote in their class. This app will create a class notebook, which includes three types of sub-notebooks: Student Notebooks, Content Library, and Collaboration Space.


Online Coordinator

  1. The Online Coordinator helps manage the processes and resource allocation related to the design, development, and delivery of EPD's professional development online courses. The Online Coordinator collaborates with Program Directors, instructors, the Learning Design & Technologies team, and Program Support to execute all phases of a course's lifecycle.


Opacity

the amount of show-through on a printed sheet. The lesser the amount of show-through the thicker the paper, the more show-through the thinner the paper


Operational Area

An area of focus or function in a college, school or division, department or office. An operational area will generally be a subset of a college, school or division, department or office, and need not include the whole unit.


ORGANIC MATTER

Compounds composed of carbon oxygen hydrogen and nitrogen. All living organisms are composed primarily of organic matter. Fats, carbohydrates and proteins are examples of organic compounds.


Orientation

A component of onboarding that introduces a new hire to her/his new employment and environment. Orientation is a short-term activity or series of activities that typically takes place in the first week of employment.


Original

material that is to be reproduced using various printing methods. i.e., PDFs, documents, photographs, artwork, product sample, or artist's drawing


Outlook 2016 for Mac

Microsoft Outlook 2016 for Mac is an email and calendar client that's available as part of Microsoft's Office suite. It is the latest version of Outlook for the Mac OS and can be used to manage email, calendar, contacts, and more.


Outlook Data File (PST)

A Personal Folders file (.pst) is an Outlook data file that stores your messages and other items on your computer. This is the most common file in which information in Outlook is saved by home users or in small organizations. Learn more.


Outside Activity

An outside activity represents a relationship with an entity outside of the UW-Madison which, for the purposes of Conflict of Interest, may overlap with an individual's institutional responsibilities.  An outside activity may involve compensation, leadership, ownership or equity interest in an external entity.


Overlay

transparent cover sheet on artwork often used for instructions


OVULATION

Release of an oocyte (i.e., egg) from a mature follicle. In dairy cows, ovulation occurs 24 to 32 hours after the first standing event of behavioral estrous. Similarly, ovulation occurs 24 to 32 hours after an injection of Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone; (Gn-RH) administered in the presence of a dominant follicle.


PAG

pagination sheet


Page count

total number of pages in a book including blanks


PALATABILITY

The taste and flavor property of a feedstuffs that make them more or less acceptable to be eaten.


PANCREAS

An irregularly shaped gland that secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum and produces insulin that is released into the blood.


Pantone Matching System

(PMS) Industry standard for ink mixing


PAPILLAE (reticulo-rumen)

1. Small projections on the inner surface of the rumen and the reticulum wall that increase the surface area of absorption of volatile fatty acids and other end-products of bacterial fermentation.


PAPILLAE (tongue)

Protuberances at the surface of the tongue that detect the taste of a feed.


Part-Time

A position less than 1.0 FTE which is regularly scheduled to work less than 40 hours over a one week period, or less than 80 hours over a two week period.


PARTURITION

The act of giving birth (Syn Calving).


Payment for Environmental Services (PES)

Payments to farmers or landowners who have agreed to take certain actions to manage their land or watersheds to provide an ecological service. As the payments provide incentives to land owners and managers, PES is a market-based mechanism, similar to subsidies and taxes, to encourage the conservation of natural resources.


Perf (Perforation)

a series of small cuts at regular intervals usually made to help a sheet tear apart evenly


Permanent Status

The rights and privileges attained upon successful completion of an original probationary period or career-executive trial period required upon an appointment to a permanent position.


Pica

unit of measurement. One pica = 1/6 inch


PLACENTA

An organ that develops during pregnancy in female mammals. It lines the uterus and partially envelopes the fetus, to which it is attached by the umbilical cord. Following birth, the placenta, then called the after birth, is normally expelled. The retention of the placenta usually leads to bacterial infection of the uterus called metritis.


plate

Plate is a metal plate is imaged in a plate setter for each separation on an offset press job.


Plate gap

gripper space. The area where the grippers hold the sheet as it passes through the press


Point of Contact (POC)

The point of contact on a study has the capacity to edit the application and can also submit to the IRB on behalf of the PI.  There may four point of contacts assigned to a study and only the PI and the POCs can submit directly to the IRB.


POLYGASTRIC

Having more than one digestive cavity; Having a stomach divided into different chambers (e.g., ruminants).


POPULATION (statistics)

The set of individuals, items, or data from which a statistical sample is taken. In statistical terms, a population is defined as a larger set from which samples are obtained.


PREGNANT

Having one or several fetus growing inside the uterus.


Premium Rate

The employee’s regular rate times 1.5.


Prevailing Wage Rate

The amount paid by other employers in the labor market for similar work. The rate is established by the State of Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development.


Primary Address

In Microsoft 365, your primary address is the email address associated with your Microsoft 365 account that will appear as your "From" address on emails and calendar invites. It will also appear as a result in the global address look up feature in Microsoft 365. For further information, click here.


PRIMIPAROUS (cow)

1. A young cow that is pregnant for the first time. 2. A cow that has given birth once.


Program Number

  1. A Program Number can currently be viewed in CSIS by using the unique ET Instance Number assigned to a unique offering of a course being held over specific dates in a specific location. See also: Instance Number [KB Program Number]


Program Support

  • Program Support is responsible for working with program directors, department faculty, guest lecturers, instructional designers, technical specialists, and student employees to coordinate the scheduling, development, and delivery of both credit and non-credit courses from inception through evaluation.


PROTEASE

Digestive enzyme that breakdown proteins into peptides.


PROTOZOAN

Most primitive form of life in the animal kingdom composed of only one microscopic cell.


RADICLE

The part of a plant embryo that develops into the primary root.


Recruitment, Assessment, and Selection Plan

A document created by division HR in collaboration with division leadership, and approved by OHR which provides overall guidelines for recruitment, assessment and selection. It outlines the division’s expectations of specific steps, processes and requirements for recruitment, assessment and selection and identifies plans and procedures to increase diversity.


Recurring Appointments

When a temporary employee continues in the same position each year.


Regular Rate

The average hourly rate actually paid to the employee as straight time pay for all hours worked in the workweek or work period, including all remuneration for employment paid to, or on behalf of, the employee. An exception is any payment specifically excluded from the calculation of the regular rate under the FLSA and related federal regulations.


REGURGITATION

Reversal of the natural direction in which contents flow through a tube or a cavity in the body. During rumination, rumen contents are regurgitated through the esophagus in the mouth for further mastication.


Reportable Events

Refers to any submission that is not an initial, continuing or change of protocol.  Reportable events include noncompliance, new information, adverse events and unanticipated problems.


Research (Applied)

Study directed toward gaining (scientific) knowledge to meet a recognized need


Research (Basic)

Study directed toward gaining (scientific) knowledge primarily for its own sake


Resource Account

In Office 365, a resource account is a non-person account that can be classified as either "room" or "equipment". Examples can include meeting/conference rooms, audio-visual equipment, or vacation calendars. Individuals must be granted permissions to interact with a resource account. More details.


Right-Angle fold

two folds at right angles to each other


Salesforce Lookup field


A lookup field in Salesforce is used to find other records in Salesforce to build relationships between records.  For example, in a contact record one uses a lookup field to find and relate another record such as an organization or community to the contact.

Lookup fields are not searchable in the global search on the home page, but can be searched with the Enhance Lookup feature.  See a video about this in knowledge base article Wildcard search and search limitations (video)


Sample

rough layout of a printed piece showing position and finished size


Save

The smartform application allows users to save their work before exiting the application. Users should periodically save their completed work in the smartform application in order to avoid losing any work due to the potential for timing out of the system or when the user needs to complete the application at a later time.  


Scanner Profile

A reuseable collection of settings that defines scanner parameters. A scanner profile sets things like DPI (dots per inch) and Simplex (single-side) /Duplex (double-sided) on scans. Scanner profiles are located and set in capture profiles.


Send As

In Office 365, this permission allows users other than the mailbox owner to use the mailbox to send messages. After this permission is assigned to a delegate, any message that a delegate sends from this mailbox will appear as if it was sent by the mailbox owner. However, this permission doesn't allow a delegate to sign in to the user's mailbox.


Send On Behalf Of

In Office 365, this permission allows a delegate to use this mailbox to send messages. However, after this permission is assigned to a delegate, the From address in any message sent by the delegate indicates that the message was sent by the delegate on behalf of the mailbox owner.


Service Account

Microsoft 365 service accounts are intended to be used for shared/changing roles (e.g., info, secretary, webmaster, newsletter, feedback, etc.) or service/programmatic access (e.g., printers, copiers, mailers). Service accounts can be accessed via all Outlook clients. Learn more about the types of accounts available within UW-Madison's implementation of Microsoft 365.


Service Related Appointments

Employment payment, compensation for work performed in service to the university. Income is contingent upon an activity or employee position (e.g. Project Assistant, Research Associate, Teaching Assistant, etc.).


SharePoint

SharePoint is a web application framework and platform which integrates intranet, content management, and document management. You can use it as a secure place to store, organize, share, and access information from almost any device. Learn more.


SharePoint Designer

Microsoft SharePoint Designer is a specialized HTML editor and web design freeware for creating or modifying Microsoft SharePoint sites, workflows and web pages.


Sifting and Winnowing

The phrase "sifting and winnowing" refers to UW-Madison's historic tradition of defense of intellectual and academic freedom. The words are taken from an 1894 report of the University of Wisconsin Board of Regents and were originally used to explain the board's refusal to censure a professor accused of socialist and pro-union activity. The words are mounted on a plaque on the front of Bascom Hall:

WHATEVER MAY BE THE LIMITATIONS WHICH TRAMMEL INQUIRY ELSEWHERE, WE BELIEVE THAT THE GREAT STATE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN SHOULD EVER ENCOURAGE THAT CONTINUAL AND FEARLESS SIFTING AND WINNOWING BY WHICH ALONE THE TRUTH CAN BE FOUND.


Signature

a sheet of printed pages that when folded become part of a publication (i.e., book, magazine, etc.)


Significant Financial Interest (SFI)

A Significant Financial Interest means any financial interests held by an investigator (and/or his or her immediate family), or by a business entity controlled or directed by the investigator or a member of his or her immediate family, that has monetary value, whether or not the value is readily ascertainable, including:

  • Remuneration (e.g. salary, consulting fees, honoraria, paid authorship, etc.) received from a publicly traded entity in the twelve months preceding disclosure, and the value of any equity interest (stock, stock option, or other ownership interest) in the entity at the date of disclosure that, when aggregated, exceed $5,000
  • Remuneration, (e.g. salary, consulting fees, honoraria, paid authorship, etc.) received from a non-publicly traded entity of greater than $5,000 in the twelve months preceding the disclosure
  • Any equity interest (e,g. stock, stock option, or other ownership interest) in a non-publicly traded entity
  • Royalty income from intellectual property rights not arising out of university employment, which are not assigned to organizations created to manage such rights on behalf of the University of Wisconsin-Madison (WARF)
  • Reimbursed or sponsored travel related to institutional responsibilities that is not reimbursed or sponsored by a government agency, a U.S. university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a U.S. university
  • Service in positions with fiduciary responsibility , including senior managers (e.g. presidents, vice presidents, etc.) and members of boards of directors, whether or not the investigator receives compensation for such service.

Significant financial interests do not include the following:

  • Salary, royalties, or other remuneration received from UW-Madison, the University of Wisconsin Medical Foundation, or the VA
  • Royalty income from intellectual property rights arising out of UW-Madison employment that are assigned to organizations created to manage such rights on behalf of the University of Wisconsin-Madison (WARF)
  • Income from investment vehicles, such as mutual funds and retirement accounts, as long as the investigator does not control the investment decisions made in these vehicles
  • Income from seminars, lectures, or teaching engagements sponsored by a domestic government agency, a university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a university
  • Income from service on advisory committees or review panels for a domestic government agency, a university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a university
  • Travel related to institutional responsibilities that is reimbursed or sponsored by a domestic government agency, a university, an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with a university.


SILAGE

Method of preservation of fresh forages based on the partial fermentation of the sugars in absence of oxygen. Silage can be made in various silos.


Similar Title

A title in the same title series.


SOMATIC CELLS

(a) Any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells. (b) Milk somatic cells are primarily leukocytes (white blood cells) and some epithelial cells shed from the lining of the mammary gland. The leukocytes are derived from blood and consist of macrophages, lymphocytes, and polymorphonuclear cells, primarily neutrophils (PMN). Normal milk does contain somatic cells, and the concentration of these cells is almost always less than 100,000 cells/ml in milk from uninfected/uninflamed mammary quarters.


Stack by page or subset

to keep each piece separate or independent


STALK

The main stem of an herbaceous plant.


STANDARD DEVIATION (statistics)

Standard deviation (SD) is a measure of the dispersion of a set of data from its mean. If the data points are further from the mean, there is higher deviation within the data set. The SD shares the same unit as the mean. The SD is calculated as the square root of variance by determining the variation between each data point relative to the mean. The symbol for standard deviation is σ (the Greek letter sigma). Approximately, in a normal distribution,
38% of all observations are within ± 0.5 SD units of the mean;
68% of all observations are within ± 1 SD units of the mean;
95% of all observations are within ± 2 SD units of the mean;
99% of all observations are within ± 3 SDunits of the mean.


Standard Recruitment

Merit-based process used to fill most vacancies. This process allows UW–Madison the flexibility to target specific skill sets as well as a diverse pool of qualified candidates. The process is open to all qualified candidates and does not require that applicants be employed at UW–Madison.


staple

Staple is a term for a staple added to a printed packet or book, commonly in the upper left corner or along the left side of a booklet.


STARCH

Carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots, an stem pith of plants notably in corn, potatoes, wheat and rice. Warm season grasses (C4 plants) store starch in chloroplasts in leaf tissue. C4 grasses such as Bermuda Paspalum or Rhodes grasses grown under heat stress may contain considerable starch in leafy tissue. Nutritionally, it is referred to as non-structural carbohydrate as opposed to the carbohydrate found in the neutral detergent fiber of the plant.


State of Wisconsin Adjusted Continuous Service

All time employed by the State of Wisconsin in either the Unclassified, Classified or University staff service in a permanent capacity, adjusted for breaks in service, shall be counted in determining an employee’s length of continuous service. This excludes time served as a Limited Term or Project Employee.


States

In ARROW, the IRB review process is divided into different parts, called States. The State an application is in will change as it moves through the review process. The list of actions a user can take for a submission will vary according to the state it is in.


Step-and-repeat

the process of placing the same image on a single sheet or page of a document multiple times


Stereotype Threat

 The term refers to being at risk [given a specific set of contextual circumstances] of confirming a negative stereotype about one's social group as a self-characteristic [i.e., a personal trait]. For example, Let's say that you find yourself in a situation in which you realize that someone may have a steretotype about you [because of you physical appearance, gender or any other general characteristic of social group] and there is a part of you that is afraid that your [about to be undertaking] action and behavior will prove to that person that the stereotype is true. The concept was first introduced in seminal publication of Steele and Arsonson (1995) (see also ResearchGate link).


STILLBORN CALF

A calf born dead or that dies within 48 hours of birth.


STRAW

The plant residue remaining after separation of the seeds in threshing. It includes chaff.


STRUCTURAL CARBOHYDRATE

(see Fibrous carbohydrate).


Student Assistants

Titles in the Student Assistant title group are used for graduate students who: hold a fellowship, scholarship or traineeship; hold an appointment which is intended primarily to further the education and training of the student; are employed to assist with research training or other academic programs or projects; and/or have been assigned teaching responsibilities in an instructional department under the supervision of a faculty member.

In addition, Student Assistant titles are available to undergraduate students when: no qualified graduate student is available to perform a function that would normally be assigned to graduate students (i.e., Undergraduate Assistant - requires advance approval of the dean); or when the terms of a supporting grant or contract preclude the use of other normally appropriate titles (Undergraduate Intern).


SOURCE: Office of Human Resources, UW-Madison Unclassified Title Guideline; Summary of Unclassified Appointment Types


Study Team

The study team consists of the PI, the point of contact, and any other personnel listed as having edit/email or read-only access to study materials in the initial application smartform. 


Sub-Domain

A sub-domain is a domain that is part of a larger domain; the only domain that is not also a sub-domain is the root domain. For example, doit.wisc.edu and engr.wisc.edu are sub-domains of the wisc.edu domain.


SUBCLINICAL

Without clinical manifestations; said of the early stages or a very mild form of a disease, e.g. subclinical disease, infection, parasitism, or when a disease is detectable by biological tests but not by a clinical examination.


Submit Administrative Hold Response

After a study has been approved with an administrative hold, study teams must resolve the conditions of this hold; this is done by submitting a response.  


Submit Changes

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to submit changes requested by the scientific review committee.


Submit Deferral Response

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to submit a deferral response to the IRB.  Once the PI or POC submits the deferral response, the submission transitions back to the IRB Pre-Review state.


Submit Modification Response

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to submit their modification response to the IRB.  Once the PI or POC submits their modification response, the submission transitions to the IRB Review of Modification Response state.


Submit Modification Review Notes

Review state to the IRB Review of Modification Response state once the assigned IRB member(s) has completed their review. 


Submit Request to Reactivate

This is an activity in ARROW that allows a PI or POC to submit a request to reactivate a submission that is in the IRB withdrawn state.  


Sustainability

Sustainability is a holistic concept that built on three inter-related pillars: environmental, social and economic. To be sustainable, any entrepreneurial activity must be economically viable, ecologically healthy and socially equitable. A universal definition of sustainability was given for the first time by the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) in the Brundtland report published under the auspices of the United Nations in 1987.


Sustainable Intensification

Narrowly defined, SI refers to increase food production from existing farmland in ways that place far less pressure on the environment and that do not undermine our capacity to continue producing food in the future. However, Garnett et al. (2013) added the following four premises underlying SI: (a) The need to increase production; (b) Increase production must be met through higher yields because increasing the area of land in agriculture carries major environmental costs; (c) Food security requires as much attention to increasing environmental sustainability as to raising productivity; and (d) SI denotes a goal but does not specify a priori how it should be attained or which agricultural techniques to deploy.


Sway

Microsoft Sway is a presentation app available through Office 365 that allows you to create and share interactive reports, presentations, newsletters, personal stories, and more.


TANNIN

Highly complex phenolic compounds in plants that may play a role of defense again microorganisms and possible predators (the herbivores). Tannin binds and reduces the availability of proteins and carbohydrates to ruminal microbes.


Tape Bind

a type of binding that uses a strip of durable tape to hold a book together lines that indicate where to trim before a job goes on the collator or other binding equipment, by doing this it allows the operator to still see the trim marks for final trim


TASTE

Property of feed detected by some papillae of the tongue and the roof of the mouth resulting in a positive or negative response to further ingestion of the feed.


Technical Support

  1. The Technical Support Team is responsible for departmental desktop, laptop, and mobile device support. You can also contact them for help with local department systems, Box, Teams, USI, and Microsoft Office.


Temporary Appointment

An at-will position with no expectation of continued employment, capped at 1,044 hours worked in 26 consecutive bi-weekly payroll periods, nonexempt under the Fair Labor Standards Act, and lasting one year or less (based on the start date of the appointment).


Temporary Employee

An employee serving a temporary appointment.


Teragram

One trillion (1x1012) grams = one million 1x106) metric tons (see Units of Mass in Metric System).


Terminated

This is both a potential motion that can be made by the IRB upon review of a reportable event, as well as a state in ARROW.  Studies that are in the terminated state can be forwarded to the end state, Archive, by the IRB submission manager or will be automatically archived after 18 months. 


THYROID GLAND

A two-lobed gland located in the throat and secreting the hormone thyroxin, which regulates the iodine metabolism in the body.


TIMED ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION

Method of AI breeding in which the timing of artificial insemination (AI) is based on a hormonal protocol that synchronizes the timing of ovulation. This is in contrast to timing insemination based on direct or indirect detection of estrous behavior. Hormonal protocols for Timed AI were developed in 1995 and have been widely adopted by dairy producers for reproductive management.


Total Mixed Ration (TMR)

Refers to the practice of loading pre-determined amounts of all feed ingredients and blending them in a mixer, followed by delivery to a group of cows, usually housed and managed in confinement. Typically a dairy nutrition consultant will make recommendations using least-cost ration formulation software to determine the amounts and type of feed to blend based on economic considerations (minimizing feed cost), while providing the lactating cows with all know nutrients required for health and high milk production performance.


TOTAL MIXED RATION (TMR)

Mixture of the forages, concentrates, minerals and vitamin supplements of a ration. The total mixed ration has the advantage of offering a balanced ration at each meal rather than on a 24 h basis.


Transportation Information Center (TIC)

  1. The Transportation Information Center (TIC) provides state and local municipalities with the resources and training required to manage their road systems. Training — from government and industry experts, engineering consultants, contractors, and highway and enforcement agency representatives — includes one-day workshops in several different locations around the state. Resources include videos, and online and printed manuals, bulletins, and Crossroads articles.

    The TIC is part of the
    National Local Technical Assistance Program Association (NLTAPA), as Wisconsin's LTAP center.


Trapping

used to expand the dominant ink to be printed larger-than the less-dominant ink, used to help tight registration on offset printing


Trim marks

see crop marks


ULTRA-VIOLET:

Ray in sunlight which enables vitamin D to be synthesized under the skin.


Unit of Mass in Metric System

1,000,000,000,000,000  1x1015 petagram (Pg) quadrillion  
1,000,000,000,000  (Million Metric Tons or Megatonnes)1x1012 teragram (Tg) trillion
 1,000,000,000  (Thousand Metric Tons) 1x109 gigagram (Gg) billion
 1,000,000  (Metric Ton) 1x106 megagram (Mg) million
 1,000   1x103 kilogram (Kg) thousand  
 100   1x102 hectogram (Hg) hundred  
 10   1x101 decagram (Dg) ten  
 1    gram    
   0.1 10-1 decigram (dg) tenth   
   0.01 10-2 centigram (cg) hundredth  
   0.001 10-3 milligram (mg) thousandth  
   0.000,001 10-6 microgram (µg) millionth  
   0.000,000,001 10-9 nanogram (ng) billionth  
   0.000,000,000,001 10-12 picogram (pg) trillionth  
   0.000,000,000,000,001 10-15 femtogram (fp) quadrillionth  


University Staff

University staff positions focus primarily on supporting education, research, and the campus infrastructure. If a position involves functions that are similar in nature to other positions in Wisconsin state government, the position is university staff. These positions include accountants, administrative support associates, nurses, microbiologists, and custodians.


SOURCE: Office of Human Resources


University Staff

  1. University Staff hold positions in virtually every unit on campus. The University Staff positions are quite varied and duties include, but are not limited to, administrative support, information technology, accounting, engineering, in addition to custodial, food service, and craftsworkers and contribute daily to the quality and reputation of a University recognized and respected around the world. 


UNSATURATED FAT

Fat containing fatty acids that can accept hydrogen atoms to saturate their structure (e.g., oleic, linoleic, linolenic and arachidonic acids).


UREA [CO(NH2)2]

A nitrogen-containing organic compound found in urine and other body fluids. Urea is synthesized from ammonia and carbon dioxide. Urea can be used as fertilizer or as a source of nitrogen in the ration of ruminants.


UV Coating

protective liquid coating applied to printed sheets (similar to varnish), bonded and cured with ultra-violet (UV) light


UW–Madison Adjusted Continuous Service

All time employed by UW–Madison in either the Unclassified, Classified or University Staff service in a permanent capacity, adjusted for breaks in service, shall be counted in determining an employee’s length of continuous service. This excludes time served as a temporary or project employee.


Varnish

clear ink-like substance that is applied to printed surfaces for appearance and protection


VEGETATIVE

The parts of plants that are involved in the growth as opposed to the parts of plants involved in reproduction.


VITAMINS

Complex organic substances occurring naturally in plants and animal tissue and essential in small amounts for the proper functioning of numerous metabolic processes.


VOLATILE

Evaporating readily at normal temperature and pressure.


VOLATILE FATTY ACIDS (VFA)

Products of fermentation of carbohydrates (and some amino acids) by the rumen microorganisms. Acetic acid, propionic acid and butyric acid are the primary volatile fatty acids which are absorbed through the rumen wall and used as an energy source by the cow.


VOLUNTARY WAITING PERIOD

The number of days between calving and first attempt to breed a cow. A typical voluntary waiting period is 45 days. However, it may varies from less than 40 to 80 days depending on farmer’s preference and reproductive protocol in place on the farm.


Wasting

Wasting, also known as wasting syndrome, refers to the process by which a debilitating disease causes muscle and fat tissue to "waste" away leading to children of low weight for their height. Wasting is sometimes referred to as "acute malnutrition" because it is believed that episodes of wasting have a short duration, in contrast to stunting, which is regarded as chronic malnutrition (Source: Wikipedia).


Watermark

distinctive design created in paper at the time of manufacture that can be easily seen by holding the paper up to a light


Webinar

  1. A Webinar is a type of web conference that allow participants in different locations to see and hear the presenter, ask questions and generally interact by connecting over the Internet. The distinction between web conference, webcast and webinar is becoming particularly difficult to define as functionality and usage becomes more similar.


Wisc Account Administration Site

A web site that allows administrators and end users to manage accounts (NetID and departmental) that access Office 365, WiscMail, CloudFax, Box, Qualtrics, LastPass, and Google Apps.


With the grain

folding or feeding paper into the press or folder parallel to the grain of paper


Withdraw

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to withdraw a submission from the initial review process.  This activity moves the submission to the Withdrawn state at which time the PI or POC can make a copy of the application, send it back to Pre-Submission or archive it.


Withdraw Change

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to withdraw a submitted change from the review process.  This activity moves the submission to the Withdrawn state at which time the PI or POC can send the submission back to Pre-Submission or archive it.


Withdraw Continuing Review

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to withdraw a submitted continuing review from the review process.  This activity moves the submission to the Withdrawn state at which time the PI or POC can send the submission back to Pre-Submission or archive it.


Withdraw Reportable Event

This is an activity in ARROW that allows the PI or POC to withdraw a submitted continuing review from the review process.  This activity moves the submission to the Withdrawn state at which time the PI or POC can send the submission back to Pre-Submission.


Withdrawn

This is a state in ARROW.  Submissions in this state have been withdrawn by the PI or POC.  Submissions in this state can be sent back to Pre-Submission or Archived by the PI or POC.


Work and tumble

using the same plate and same guide, printing one side of a sheet, and flipping it from gripper to tail to print on the back of the sheet. Similar to perfecting but 2 passes


Work and turn

using the same plate and common guide, printing one side of a sheet, and flipping it from left to right to print on the back of the sheet